Collection ID: LMC 1617
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Collection context


The Latin American mss. --Ecuador, 1546-1866, consists of individual items acquired separately either as a gift, purchase, transfer, or removal from a variety of sources, relating to Ecuador. Additions continue to be made.
7 folios (oversize), 7 Boxes (7 standard), and 1 bound
Materials are in Spanish .
Preferred citation:

[Item], Latin American mss. Ecuador, Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.


Scope and Content:

The Latin American mss. Ecuador, 1546-1866, are especially strong in the period of the wars of independence, 1809-1830. Materials relating to this include reports and records of both the Spanish and the patriot armies, involving Ecuadorians, Venezuelans, and Colombians. Of the several Simon Bolivar items in the collection, the most interesting is his letter to Jose de San Martin, written the day before their famous meeting at Guayaquil in 1822. There is also extensive correspondence from the patriot leaders Antonio Jose de Sucre, Francisco de Paula Santander, and Jose Joaquin de Olmedo y Maruri.

Two nineteenth century accounting books; Francisco Jose de Caldas y Tenorio's Relacion de un viaje...containing information on the natural history of Ecuador; correspondence to and from Manuela Saenz; the 1861 constitution of Ecuador by Gabriel Garcia Moreno; and powers of attorney ranging from 1546 to 1815 are all in the collection.

Of major importance are the archives of the archbishopric of Quito. These are contained in twenty-three volumes bound in vellum and one oversize folder, comprising in excess of 8,000 leaves from the seventeenth century to the Independence period. Much of the material is correspondence from the viceroys at Lima, and later the viceroys at Bogota. In addition to the manuscripts, the volumes also contain about 800 pieces of printed material, chiefly royal cedulas and papal bulls, among them some unknown and undescribed early Lima and Bogota imprints.

In the volume lettered Cedulario del Illmo. Sr. Don Blas Sobrino y Minayo del ano de 1770-1779, there is a broadside beginning "El Rey. Don Pedro de Ureta Oficial Primero de la contaduria principal ..." (Cartagena), March 11, 1772. This almost certainly establishes the fact of printing in Cartagena in that year, a fact long suspected but never proven.

In the volume number 14 is the "Acta de Federacion de las Provincias Unidas de la Nueva Granada ..." Bogota, 1812. This is perhaps the most important single printed piece in the entire archives, as it has the first real declaration of independence from Spain by the Spanish colonists in South America. There is no other known copy in the United States. This has been described by Eduardo Posada in his Bibliografia bogotana, Bogota, Imprenta Nacional, 1917-1925, in Volume II, item 1281 (Lilly Z1754 .B7 P8).

Correspondents in the collection are Manuel de Arredondo; Melchor de Aymerich; Simon Bolivar; Bartolome Cucalon y Villamayor Vera y Garzes; Cuenca, Ecuador (City) Cabildo; Juan Jose Flores; Jose Garcia de Leon y Pizarro; Jose Garcia Moreno; Jacobo Gomez; Tomas de Heres; Jose de Lamar y Cortazar; Jose Maria de Landa y Ramirez; Jose Modesto Larrea; Juan Larrea; Jose Antonio de Lavalle y Cortes, conde de Premio Real; Alexandro Lucena; Juan Manuel Mendiburu y Medrano; Bernardo Monteagudo; Jose Joaquin de Olmedo y Maruri; Santiago Orejuela; Mariano Osorio; Fernando de Paredes y Casarola; Joaquin de la Pezuela y Sanchez Munoz de Velasco; Vicente Rocafuerte; Manuela Saenz; Andres Santa Cruz; Francisco de Paula Santander; Pedro Sanz; and Antonio Jose de Sucre.

Note on Indexing Term - "Law": There is a large quantity of legal material pertaining to Latin America in these collections. Royal and viceregal decrees, both de oficio and de parte, are especially numerous.

Note on Indexing Term - "Religion": A large quantity of this material relates to religious matters.

Note on Indexing Term - "West (U.S.)" and "Americana": There are items pertaining to early settlements and colonial government in Texas, California and New Mexico, and information on Texas independence.

Acquisition information:
Physical location:
ALF (Auxiliary Library Facility) - OVFlat; Lilly - Stacks



This collection is open for research.

Many collections are housed offsite; retrieval requires advance notice. Please make an appointment a minimum of one week in advance of your visit.


Access to this collection requires advance notice. Please contact the Curator of Manuscripts for additional information.

Photocopying permitted only with permission of the Curator of Manuscripts, Lilly Library.


[Item], Latin American mss. Ecuador, Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.

Indiana University Bloomington
1200 East Seventh Street
Bloomington, Indiana 47405-5500, USA
Indiana University Bloomington
(812) 855-2452