Collection ID: KIBS
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Collection context


Odo, Franklin, Tsukiyama, Ted T., 1920-, and Yost, Israel A. S., 1916-2000
The 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate) was a racially segregated U.S. Army unit comprised of Americans of Japanese ancestry (AJA) from Hawaii, except for Caucasian officers. The unit's outstanding training records and demonstrated loyalty lifted the "4-C Unsuitable for Service" classification for other AJA and led to the formation of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, who later joined the 100th overseas. These American soldiers, simultaneously fighting the Axis Powers overseas and racism at home, are survived by their descendants, The Sons & Daughters, who work to share their parents' stories. This collection is made possible by 100th Infantry Battalion Veterans, formerly known as Club 100, and consists of donations made by veterans' Bernard Akamine and Ray Nosaka's children, Drusilla Tanaka and Ann Kabasawa, respectively, as well as by IU Kokomo faculty and students who visited Club 100 on class trips in 2006, 2008, and 2014.
36 Items and 85 Megabytes
English , Japanese .
Preferred citation:

[Series], 100th Infantry Battalion collection, Indiana University Kokomo Campus Archives.


Biographical / Historical:

On December 7, 1941, Japanese planes attacked Oahu's Pearl Harbor and the United States officially entered World War II. The devastating attack on American soil created widespread suspicion of Japanese living in Hawaii and on the U.S. continent. Apprehension increased when Hawaii was thought to be soon invaded by Japan. The AJA soldiers serving in Army or National Guard units throughout the territory were assembled into the Hawaii Provisional Battalion. On June 5, 1942, this new unit of 1,432 boarded the SS Maui and were sent to the U.S. mainland. After landing in Oakland, California, they were named the 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate) to denote that their battalion was an "orphan" and not attached to any other military unit. The 100th trained in Wisconsin, Mississippi, and Louisiana, and when suffering high casualties while fighting in Italy in 1944, needed replacements came from the 442nd RCT--AJA volunteers from Hawaii and the Japanese internment camps in the mainland U.S.

The 100th served in combat in Europe from September 1943 until May 1945, when Germany surrendered. Their battalion experienced a high number of casualties, earning them the name the "Purple Heart Battalion." On June 21, 2000, the Medal of Honor was awarded to 21 Japanese American soldiers from the 100th Infantry Battalion and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team. Later, on November 2, 2011, the United States Congress presented the highest civilian award bestowed by Congress, the Congressional Gold Medal, to the 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate), 442nd Regimental Combat Team, and Military Intelligence Service.

In 2006, IU Kokomo senior lecturer in English, Karla Stouse, took students from her course F200: Asian Cultures to Hawaii. After coming in contact with Ann Kabasawa, students met with and interviewed members of the 100th Infantry Battalion Veterans at their clubhouse in Honolulu. Inspired by those discussions, students designed a Peace Garden to honor the veterans, as well as internment camp victims and survivors of Pearl Harbor. The Peace Garden was built in 2008 on the grounds of Darrough Chapel Park in Kokomo, Indiana. In 2020, the Peace Garden was moved to Jackson Street Commons, an apartment complex for formerly homeless veterans located in downtown Kokomo.

Scope and Content:

This collection contains books about the 100th Battalion (Separate) and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, Honolulu's Club 100 memorabilia, tourist brochures from IU Kokomo's Asian Cultures course, a model of COAS-F 200's Peace Garden, and news releases on the Peace Garden printed in PDF format. There are four series in the collection: Books, COAS-F 200: Asian Cultures Trip, Nisei Veterans/Club 100 Memorabilia, and The Peace Garden Project.

Acquisition information:
This collection largely came together in two parts. The items and books in this collection come from donations made by Jonathan Guse, Dana Hankins, Karla Stouse, and Drusilla Tanaka. The articles in this collection have been downloaded from the internet into PDF format. Some items in collection may have been deposited by unnamed donors.
Processing information:

Materials were minimally processed and occasionally cataloged upon deposit between 2014 and 2022. Further processing was initiated in 2022. Processing completed and finding aid written by Brenna Taitano.


Books COAS-F 200 Trip Nisei Veterans/Club 100 Memorabilia The Peace Garden Project



There are no restrictions on access for this collection. Materials are available for research by contacting the Indiana University Kokomo Campus Archives,


[Series], 100th Infantry Battalion collection, Indiana University Kokomo Campus Archives.

Indiana University Kokomo
Indiana University Kokomo Library
2300 South Washington Street
Kokomo, Indiana 46902, United States
Indiana University Kokomo