Jonathan Krause Rare Newspaper and Magazine Collection 1648-1881E302.1 .J76E302.1 .J76


Finding aid created by: Electronic finding aid encoded by Indiana University Libraries.


Title: Jonathan Krause Rare Newspaper and Magazine Collection
Dates: 1648-1881
Quantity: 1000 items(ca.)
Abstract: The Jonathan Krause Rare Newspaper and Magazine Collection consists of approximately 900 original issues of historical newspapers and magazines, with a focus on late 18th- and early 19th-century American publications.
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Lilly Library

Biographical Note

Jonathan Krause is a retired Southern California teacher, with a strong and longstanding interest in American history. He assembled this collection of historical newspapers over approximately ten years. He was diligent in finding materials in the field, particularly newspaper publications of writings by the so-called Founding Fathers of the United States.


Scope and Contents Note

The Jonathan Krause Rare Newspaper and Magazine Collection consists of approximately 900 original issues of historical newspapers and magazines, with a focus on late 18th- and early 19th-century American publications. Mr. Krause's goal in building the collection was to focus on issues that included the texts of writings by important historical figures. This is an often overlooked area of historical research, in that many scholars look primarily at early monographic publications, rather than periodicals. Printed books and pamphlets typically cost a great deal more than periodicals, and so their readership was necessarily more limited in many respects. The essays, letters, speeches, and excerpts from larger works, which were often published in various periodicals, provide a glimpse into the ways these texts were disseminated to contemporary readers.

The newspapers and magazines are listed under categories and titles applied by Mr. Krause, with his notes on selected items included. Titles established by Mr. Krause are listed in all capitals.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions: This collection is open for research.

Usage Restrictions: Prior arrangements are not necessary before coming to the Library, however, patrons from out of town are encouraged to communicate with the Library in advance of their visits to ascertain availability of materials. Photocopying and photography permitted only with permission of the curator.


Subject Headings

Persons

Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848
Adams, John, 1735-1826
Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790
Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804
Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865
Madison, James, 1751-1836
Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821
Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809
Toussaint Louverture, 1743-1803
Washington, George, 1732-1799

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Item], Jonathan Krause Rare Newspaper and Magazine Collection, Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.

Acquisition Information

Purchase: 2016


Table of Contents

Colonial American and Early Republic Individuals

Colonial American and Early Republic Topics

19th Century American Individuals

19th Century American Topics

18th and 19th Century International Individuals and Topics

17th Century Individuals -- English Civil War, Protectorate, Restoration, Glorious Revolution


Colonial American and Early Republic Individuals
John Adams
item 3 VICE-PRESIDENTIAL INAUGURAL ADDRESS, American Museum Magazine June 1789 Size: Small
General
First in American history.
Includes Benjamin Franklin 122 and Bill of Rights 642
item 12 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Independent Chronicle November 30, 1797
item 17 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Farmer's Weekly Museum December 24, 1798
item 23 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Farmer's Museum December 16, 1799
General
Includes Toussaint Louverture 414
item 26 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Providence Journal December 3, 1800
item 1 EXCERPTS FROM A DEFENSE OF THE CONSTITUTIONS OF GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Massachusetts Gazette July 17, 20, 24, August 24, 28, October 19, 1787
General
Includes Shays' Rebellion 674 (July 17, 24, October 19); Constitution 636 (August 24, 28); Thomas Jefferson 239 (August 28); and John Hancock 228 (October 19)
item 6 DISCOURSE ON DAVILA IV (actually ll), Gazette of the United States May 15, 1790
General
Adams perspective on Renaissance politics and inferentially on his own time, prompting Jefferson to label him as a monarchist and causing a rupture between them.
Includes Benjamin Franklin 128
item 7 DISCOURSE ON DAVILA VI (actually IV), Gazette of the United States May 22, 1790
General
2 copies
item 5 DISCOURSE ON DAVILA XIV, Gazette of the United States May 1, 1790
General
Includes Edmond Burke 52 and George Washington 576
item 8 DISCOURSE ON DAVILA XXIII, Gazette of the United States November 20, 1790
item 9 DISCOURSE ON DAVILA XXXI, Gazette of the United States April 20, 1791
General
Includes James Madison 445
item 10 DISCOURSE ON DAVILA XXXII, Gazette of the United States April 27, 1791
General
Last, most controversial of these essays and omitted from definitive first edition book of 1805 by Adams. Sealed the opinion of the Jeffersonians and history that Adams was a monocrat and an elitist. Found nowhere else but in this newspaper.
item 15 LETTER TO INHABITANTS OF PROVIDENCE, Columbian Centinel May 9, 1798
item 2 LETTER TO JAY ADVOCATING NEW CONSTITUTION, Pennsylvania Packet April 18, 1788
item 4 LETTERS NUMBERS XIII, XIV TO HENDRIK CALKOEN ON AMERICA, Gazette of the United States November 25, 28, 1789
General
Originally written in 1780.
See: Benjamin Franklin 125 (November 25) and Benjamin Franklin 126 (November 28)
item 11 LARGE EXTRACT OF LETTER TO JEFFERSON, Columbian Centinel December 12, 1792
General
See: Thomas Paine 497 and Joseph Priestly 539
item 13 MESSAGE TO CONGRESS, Massachusetts Spy April 4, 1798
General
2 copies (also Thomas Paine 504)
item 14 PROCLAMATIONS RECOMMENDING A NATIONAL DAY OF HUMILIATION, FASTING, AND PRAYER, Federal Gazette April 4, 1798
General
Documents of such devoutness and religiosity unlike anything by Washington and Lincoln, or any other American president or politician.
item 16 SEDITION ACT, Massachusetts Spy August 15, 1798
item 961 "SPURIOUS ENVOYS" COLUMN ABOUT XYZ AFFAIR AND QUASI-WAR BETWEEN FRANCE AND UNITED STATES, Porcupine's Gazette January 22, 1799
item 18 XYZ AFFAIR (Pickering letter to Gerry), Massachusetts Spy February 6, 1799
item 19 XYZ AFFAIR, Columbian Centinel February 6, 1799
item 20 PROCLAMATIONS RECOMMENDING A NATIONAL DAY OF HUMILIATION, FASTING, AND PRAYER, Columbian Centinel March 20, 1799
General
Documents of such devoutness and religiosity unlike anything by Washington and Lincoln, or any other American president or politician.
item 21 PROCLAMATION ON FRIES REBELLION, Massachusetts Spy March 27, 1799
item 22 PROCLAMATION ON TRADE WITH ST. DOMINGO, J. Russell's Gazette, Connecticut Courant July 8, 1799
General
First recognition of a black government in history, continuing the trade agreement—the so-called Toussaint clause—with St. Domingo (Haiti), led by ex-slave Toussaint Louverture, in revolt against France.
item 25 PROCLAMATION ON REMISSION OF TRADE PROHIBITION WITH HISPANIOLA, Connecticut Courant May 26, 1800
item 24 FUNERAL OF WASHINGTON AND ADAMS' PROCLAMATION, Connecticut Courant January 13, 1800
General
See: George Washington 608
item 962 REPORT ON CORRESPONDENCE FROM TALLEYRAND (FRENCH MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS) DURING QUASI-WAR, REPORT ON INTERCEPTING EGYPTIAN CORRESPONDENCE DURING NAPOLEON'S CAMPAIGN IN EGYPT AND SYRIA, The Sun January 25, 1800
item 27 CORRESPONDENCE OF PRESIDENT ADAMS, Boston Patriot June 28, July 8, 26, August 19, 30, November 8, 1809, July 21, October 13, 1810
General
8 documents
item 28 LETTER ON PEACE AND WAR, New York Evening Post July 10, 1816
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 308
item 29 LETTER ON PEACE AND WAR, Niles Weekly Register July 13, 1816 Size: Small
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 309
item 30 VERY RARE LETTER TO MANUEL NOAH ON JEWS AND RELIGIOUS FREEDOM, Niles' Weekly Register February 20, 1819 Size: Small
General
Supplement to Volume 15 (page 10).
Includes Thomas Jefferson 312, James Madison 466, and Mordecai Manuel Noah 841
John Quincy Adams
item 44 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE REFERRING TO DEATH OF ADAMS AND JEFFERSON, Middlesex Gazette December 13, 1826
item 33 PUBLICOLA I, Gazette of the United States June 18, 1791
General
One of the most significant series of political essays in American history, especially from the conservative viewpoint.
item 31 PUBLICOLA II, Columbian Centinel June 11, 1791
item 32 PUBLICOLA III, Columbian Centinel June 15, 1791
item 34 PUBLICOLA IV, Columbian Centinel June 18, 1791
item 35 PUBLICOLA V, Columbian Centinel June 22, 1791
item 36 PUBLICOLA VI, Columbian Centinel June 29, 1791
General
Includes Edmund Burke 54
item 38 PUBLICOLA VII, Gazette of the United States July 13, 1791
item 37 PUBLICOLA VIII, Columbian Centinel July 9, 1791
item 39 PUBLICOLA IX, Columbian Centinel July 13, 1791
item 40 PUBLICOLA X, Columbian Centinel July 20, 1791
General
Includes Edmund Burke 55
item 41 PUBLICOLA XI, Columbian Centinel July 27, 1791
General
Includes Edmond Burke 55
item 42 PUBLICOLA XI, Gazette of United States August 6, 1791
item 43 FOURTH OF JULY SPEECH ON AMERICAN HISTORY, Niles' Weekly Register July 21, 1821 Size: Small
item 990 CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, ESQUIRE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, AND SEVERAL CITIZENS OF MASSACHUSSETTS CONCERNING THE CHARGE OF A DESIGN TO DISSOLVE THE UNION ALLEGED TO HAVE EXISTED IN THAT STATE 1829 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
Fisher Ames
item 45 AN ORATION ON THE SUBLIME VIRTUES OF GENERAL GEORGE WASHINGTON, The Columbian Phoenix or Boston Review March 1800 Size: Small
Benedict Arnold
item 46 PROCLAMATION TO THE OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS OF THE CONTINENTAL ARMY AND LETTER CONCERNING ANDRE AFFAIR, ANDRE LETTER AND EXTENSIVE COVERAGE OF ARNOLD AND ANDRE SCANDAL, Edinburgh Evening Courant December 6, 1780 Size: Small
General
A traitor tries to seduce and inveigle the American troops to desert to the British side.
See: Alexander Hamilton 129 and George Washington 546
Joel Barlow
item 47 ADDRESS TO NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF FRANCE, Columbian Centinel October 6, 1790
General
Expressing an almost religious love of and belief in France and its revolution.
Edmund Burke
item 48 SPEECH ON MOVING HIS RESOLUTIONS FOR CONCILIATION WITH THE COLONIES, Pennsylvania Evening Post September 21, 1775 Size: Small
item 49 LETTER ON THE AFFAIRS OF AMERICA, London Chronicle May 22, 1777 Size: Small
item 50 THOUGHTS ON THE LETTER OF EDMUND BURKE TO THE SHERIFFS OF BRISTOL ON THE AFFAIRS OF AMERICA BY EARL OF ABINGDON, London Chronicle September 6, 1777 Size: Small
item 51 SPEECH OPPOSING FRENCH REVOLUTION, London Chronicle February 11, 1790 Size: Small
General
One of the most famous and historic speeches of the eighteenth century.
item 52 SPEECH OPPOSING FRENCH REVOLUTION, Gazette of the United States May 1, 1790
General
One of the most famous and historic speeches of the eighteenth century.
item 53 DEBATE WITH CHARLES FOX ON THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, London Chronicle May 7, 1791 Size: Small
item 54 EXTRACT OF LETTER ON FRENCH REVOLUTION, Columbian Centinel June 29, 1791
General
See: John Quincy Adams 36
item 55 DEBATE WITH CHARLES FOX ON THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, Columbian Centinel July 20, 27, 1791
General
See: John Quincy Adams 40 (July 20) and John Quincy Adams 41 (July 27)
Aaron Burr
item 56 LETTER OF DENIAL IN 1800 ELECTION CONSPIRACY, New York Herald October 2, 1802
General
Includes Anti-Jefferson 337, Toussaint Louverture 435, and Napoleon Bonaparte 898. 2 copies (also Anti-Jefferson 336)
item 58 BURR/HAMILTON CORRESPONDENCE, The Repertory July 20, 1804
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 227
item 59 TRIAL AND CONSPIRACY, The Balance December 2, 9, 30, 1806, February 10, October 6, 1807 Size: Small
General
Includes Thomas Jefferson 291
item 60 TRIAL AND CONSPIRACY, National Aegis February 4, 1807
General
Includes Thomas Jefferson 292
item 61 TRIAL AND CONSPIRACY (including Wilkinson and Jefferson), New York Herald June 10, 1807
item 62 TRIAL AND CONSPIRACY, American Citizen June 23, October 29, 1807
General
Includes Thomas Paine 517
item 63 TRIAL AND CONSPIRACY, American Mercury September 24, 1807
Tench Coxe
item 1077 THE FEDERALIST NO. III -- ESSAY AGAINST ADAMS AND BY INFERENCE FOR JEFFERSON IN 1796 ELECTION, WRITTEN IN RESPONSE TO THE PHOCION ESSAYS AUTHORED BY HAMILTON/WILLIAM LOUGHTON SMITH AGAINST JEFFERSON (See Hamilton Item 201), Gazette of the United States November 14, 1796
General
Coxe was a writer on the Constitution and economic issues and a government official, who had once supplied the statistical data for Hamilton's important Report on Manufactures (1791), and was appointed Assistant Secretary of the Treasury by Hamilton. He had been a Federalist but decided to join Jefferson's Democratic Republicans. In The Federalist essays, he derided Adams as a closet monocrat and aristocratic sympathizer, as Jefferson had done years earlier in a private letter that had been made public, precipitating a feud that lasted more than twenty years. After Adam's victory, Jefferson would become Vice-President, but the two would barely speak during Adams' presidency -- Jefferson being shut out of all important decisions, mainly by the cabinet, who were mostly holdovers from Washington's administration, and Hamilton's personal squad of spies, although he was no longer in government.
Stephen Decatur
item 64 LETTERS ON CHESAPEAKE - NORFOLK AFFAIR, New York Herald November 28, 1807
General
See: Thomas Paine 518
John Dickinson
item 65 LETTERS FROM A FARMER IN PENNSYLVANIA I, Boston Chronicle December 21, 1767 Size: Small
General
The most famous and significant political essays written before the American Revolution, No. 1 being the rarest and most historical of the series.
item 66 LETTERS FROM A FARMER IN PENNSYLVANIA II, Boston Chronicle December 21, 1767 Size: Small
item 67 LETTERS FROM A FARMER IN PENNSYLVANIA III AND IV, Boston Chronicle January 4, 1768 Size: Small
item 68 LETTERS FROM A FARMER IN PENNSYLVANIA VIII, Boston Chronicle February 8, 1768 Size: Small
item 69 LETTERS FROM A FARMER IN PENNSYLVANIA XI AND XII, Boston Chronicle March 7, 1768 Size: Small
item 70 DECLARATION OF CAUSES AND NECESSITY OF TAKING UP ARMS, Gentleman's Magazine August 1775 Size: Small
General
With Jefferson. Last milestone on road to Declaration of Independence
See: Thomas Jefferson 238
item 71 VINDICATION OF CAREER DURING AMERICAN REVOLUTION, Pennsylvania Journal January 1, 8, 15, 22, 1783
item 72 FABIUS VI, Pennsylvania Mercury April 24, 1788 Size: Small
General
Besides the Federalist Papers, the most important essays supporting ratification of the Constitution, especially favored by Washington.
item 73 FABIUS IX, Pennsylvania Mercury May 1, 1788 Size: Small
Benjamin Franklin
item 74 SPEECH OF MISS POLLY BAKER, Gentleman's Magazine April 1747 Size: Small
General
First work of Franklin published in England.
item 75 LETTER TO PETER COLLINSON ON ELECTRICAL EXPERIMENTS, Gentleman's Magazine May 1750 Size: Small
item 76 ALBANY PLAN, Gentleman's Magazine October 1754 Size: Small
item 77 OBSERVATIONS CONCERNING THE INCREASE OF MANKIND, Gentleman's Magazine November 1755 Size: Small
item 78 PENNSYLVANIA MILITIA BILL AND A DIALOGUE BETWEEN X,Y, AND Z CONCERNING THE PRESENT STATE OF AFFAIRS IN PENNSYLVANIA, Gentleman's Magazine February, March, 1756 Size: Small
General
Perhaps the first political essay of Franklin's published in England.
item 79 QUERIES ADDRESSED TO A FRIEND OF LORD BALTIMORE, London Chronicle September 19, 1758 Size: Small
General
First political essay Franklin published in England.
item 80 A DEFENSE OF THE PROVINCIALS, London Chronicle May 12, 1759 Size: Small
item 81 AN ACCOUNT OF THE EFFECTS OF ELECTRICITY IN PARALYTIC CASES, London Chronicle July 3, 1759 Size: Small
item 82 OF THE MEANS OF DISPOSING THE ENEMIES TO PEACE, London Chronicle August 13, 1761 Size: Small
item 83 A NARRATIVE OF THE LATE MASSACRES, Gentleman's Magazine April 1764 Size: Small
item 84 ON CHASTISING THE COLONIES, London Chronicle February 13, 1766 Size: Small
item 85 EXTRACT FROM A PAMPHLET AND A REPLY TO COFFEE-HOUSE ORATORS, London Chronicle April 9, 1767 Size: Small
item 86 EXAMINATION OF DR. FRANKLIN, Gentleman's Magazine July, 1767, September, 1774 Size: Small
item 87 EXAMINATION OF DR. FRANKLIN, London Chronicle July 9, 1767 Size: Small
item 88 AMERICAN LONGEVITY, London Chronicle December 15, 1767 Size: Small
item 89 CAUSES OF AMERICAN DISCONTENTS BEFORE 1768 AND SUBJECT OF SUBJECTS, Gentleman's Magazine January 1768 Size: Small
item 90 ESSAY ON THE POOR, Gentleman's Magazine April 1768 Size: Small
item 91 ON ABSENTEE GOVERNORS, London Chronicle August 27, 1768 Size: Small
item 92 HILLSBOROUGH AND AMHERST, London Chronicle August 30, 1768 Size: Small
item 93 OPEN LETTER TO DENNYS DE BERDT, Gentleman's Magazine September 1768 Size: Small
item 94 SINECURES FOR FRIENDS AND FAVORITES, London Chronicle September 29, 1768 Size: Small
item 95 ADVANTAGES OF AMERICAN MANUFACTURES, London Chronicle January 27, 1770 Size: Small
item 96 THE COLONIST'S ADVOCATE, NUMBER X, London Chronicle February 22, 1770 Size: Small
item 97 EXPOSTULATION, London Chronicle November 6, 1770 Size: Small
item 98 RULES BY WHICH A GREAT EMPIRE MAY BE REDUCED TO A SMALL ONE, Gentleman's Magazine September 1773 Size: Small
General
Includes Phyllis Wheatley 610
item 99 AN EDICT BY THE KING OF PRUSSIA, Gentleman's Magazine October 1773 Size: Small
item 100 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION, Lloyd's Evening Post December 8, 1775 Size: Small
General
One of the founding documents of America and the basis for the Articles of Confederation adopted by Congress under which we operated until the Constitution.
item 101 LETTER TO LORD HOWE ABOUT THE WAR, Gentleman's Magazine April 1777 Size: Small
item 102 LETTER TO LORD NORTH ON PRISONERS OF WAR, Connecticut Courant May 26, 1778
General
With Silas Deane and Arthur Lee.
Includes Revolutionary War 627
item 103 MEMORIAL TO COURT OF VERSAILLES, Edinburgh Advertiser September 10, 1779 Size: Small
item 104 LETTER TO LAFAYETTE, London Chronicle September 14, 1779 Size: Small
item 105 POLITICAL FRAGMENTS, Edinburgh Evening Courant February 7, 1780 Size: Small
item 106 LETTER TO UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, Pennsylvania Packet September 17, 1785
item 107 LETTER TO CONSTITUTIONAL SOCIETY, Pennsylvania Packet September 19, 1785
item 108 LETTERS TO MILITIA AND JUSTICES OF PHILADELPHIA, Pennsylvania Packet September 20, 1785
item 109 LETTER TO AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, Pennsylvania Packet October 1, 1785
item 110 LETTER TO THE PENNSYLVANIA GENERAL ASSEMBLY ON STATE MATTERS, Pennsylvania Packet November 17, 1785
item 111 TRUE DESCRIPTION OF THE INTEREST AND POLICY OF THE CONTINENT OF AMERICA, London Chronicle July 20, 1786 Size: Small
General
Includes extract of Washington letter.
item 112 LETTER TO PENNSYLVANIA GENERAL ASSEMBLY ON LAND DISPUTES, Pennsylvania Packet February 24, 1787
item 113 PROCLAMATION ON REWARD FOR SHAYS' REBELLION REBELS, Pennsylvania Packet March 26, 1787
item 114 LETTER TO BOWDOIN ON SHAYS' REBELLION, Pennsylvania Packet April 3, 1787
item 115 METEOROLOGICAL IMAGINATIONS AND CONJECTURE, American Museum Magazine June 1787 Size: Small
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 132
item 116 SPEECH TO THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, American Museum Magazine December 1787 Size: Small
General
One of the most famous in American history.
See: Alexander Hamilton 134
item 117 LETTER TO PENNSYLVANIA GENERAL ASSEMBLY ON CONSTITUTION, PURCHASE OF LAND, ORPHANS, PENAL REFORM, ETC., Pennsylvania Packet February 25, 1788
item 118 ON THE CONSTITUTION, Gentleman's Magazine February 1789 Size: Small
item 119 ALBANY PLAN, American Museum Magazine April 1789 Size: Small
General
First mention of a possible union of the American colonies.
Includes George Washington 562, George Washington 563, and Bill of Rights 642
item 120 REMARKS ON THE NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS (REMARKS CONCERNING THE SAVAGES OF NORTH AMERICA), American Museum Magazine April 1789 Size: Small
item 121 IDEA OF AN ENGLISH SCHOOL, American Museum Magazine May 1789 Size: Small
General
Includes James Madison 444, George Washington 565, and George Washington 566
item 122 PHYSICAL AND METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS, American Museum Magazine June 1789
General
See: John Adams 3
item 123 ADDRESS FROM THE PENNSYLVANIA SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY, American Museum Magazine November 1789 Size: Small
General
Includes Benjamin Franklin 124 and George Washington 572
item 124 PLAN FOR IMPROVING THE CONDITION OF FREE BLACKS, American Museum Magazine November 1789 Size: Small
General
See: Benjamin Franklin 123
item 125 ADDRESS FROM THE PENNSYLVANIA SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY, Gazette of the United States November 25, 1789
General
Includes John Adams 4, George Washington 574, and French Revolution 935
item 126 PLAN FOR IMPROVING THE CONDITION OF FREE BLACKS, Gazette of the United States November 28, 1789
General
Includes John Adams 4 and Benjamin Franklin 127
item 127 LETTER TO SAMUEL MATHERS, Gazette of the United States November 28, 1789
General
See: Benjamin Franklin 126
item 128 FRANKLIN WILL, Gazette of the United States May 15, 1790
General
See: John Adams 6
Alexander Hamilton
item 129 RARE REVOLUTIONARY WAR LETTER TO ISAAC SEARS ON GOVERNMENT, WAR, TAXES, AN ARMY, FOREIGN LOANS, ETC., Edinburgh Evening Courant December 6, 1780 Size: Small
General
Includes Benedict Arnold 46 and George Washington 546
item 130 LETTER TO LAFAYETTE ON BATTLE OF YORKTOWN, London Chronicle December 22, 1781 Size: Small
General
See: George Washington 548
item 132 SPEECH ON IMPOST (second edition), American Museum Magazine June 1787 Size: Small
General
Includes Benjamin Franklin 115
item 133 FEDERALIST NO. 1, American Museum Magazine November 1787 Size: Small
General
First and only appearance of a Federalist Paper in an American magazine, including Numbers 2-6.
Includes John Jay 230 and Thomas Jefferson 240
item 134 FEDERALIST NO. 6, American Museum Magazine December 1787 Size: Small
General
Includes Benjamin Franklin 116 and John Jay 231, John Jay 232, John Jay 233
item 135 AT NEW YORK RATIFYING CONVENTION, Connecticut Courant July 28, 1788
item 137 LETTER TO THE SUPERVISORS OF THE CITY OF ALBANY ON THE CONSTITUTION, NATIONAL GOVERNMENT AND THE UNION, New York Daily Advertiser February 20, 1789
item 138 POLITICAL ANNOUNCEMENT TO THE CITIZENS OF NEW YORK, New York Daily Advertiser February 27, 1789
item 139 LETTER ON THE ELECTORS OF THE CITY AND COUNTY OF NEW YORK ON THE CONSTITUTION, MENTION OF AMENDMENTS, AND THE BEGINNING OF THE NEW CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT, New York Daily Advertiser March 3, 1789
item 140 H.G. LETTER I, New York Daily Advertiser March 10, 1789
General
Attacking in the letters the character of Governor Clinton as the leader of the Anti-Federalist (anti-Constitutional) forces. Hamilton reviews the constitutional issues before and during ratification process to show unfitness of Clinton to be re-elected governor of New York.
item 141 H.G. LETTER II, New York Daily Advertiser March 11, 1789
item 142 H.G. LETTER III, New York Daily Advertiser March 12, 1789
item 143 H.G. LETTER IV, New York Daily Advertiser March 14, 1789
item 144 H.G. LETTER V, New York Daily Advertiser March 17, 1789
item 145 H.G. LETTER VI, New York Daily Advertiser March 18, 1789
item 146 H.G. LETTER VII, New York Daily Advertiser March 19, 1789
item 147 H.G. LETTER VIII, New York Daily Advertiser March 20, 1789
item 148 H.G. LETTER IX, New York Daily Advertiser March 23, 1789
item 149 H.G. LETTER X, New York Daily Advertiser March 25, 1789
item 150 H.G. LETTER XI, New York Daily Advertiser March 27, 1789
item 151 H.G. LETTER XII, New York Daily Advertiser March 28, 1789
item 152 H.G. LETTER XIII, New York Daily Advertiser March 31, 1789
item 153 H.G. LETTER XV, New York Daily Advertiser April 8, 1789
item 154 H.G. LETTER XVI, New York Daily Advertiser April 11, 1789
item 155 REPORT ON THE PUBLIC CREDIT, Gazette of the United States January 20, 27, 1790
General
First mention and excerpts from one of the great state papers in American history.
item 156 TREASURY REPORT REGARDING PAYMENT OF STATE DEBTS, Gazette of the United States March 6, 1790
item 157 REPORT ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A MINT, Universal Asylum, and Columbian Magazine March, April, 1791 Size: Small
General
One of the great state papers in American history.
Includes Thomas Paine 487 (April)
item 158 LETTER TO BOSTON BOARD OF ASSESSORS, Columbian Centinel August 20, 1791
item 159 SOCIETY FOR THE ENCOURAGEMENT OF USEFUL MANUFACTURES (SUM), National Gazette December 8, 1791, July 18, 21, October 10, 1792
General
Hamilton's idea for an industrial park and beginning of independent America.
See French Revolution 937 and French Revolution 942
item 160 REPORT ON MANUFACTURES, American Museum Magazine January 1792 Size: Small
General
One of the great state papers in American history.
item 161 T.L. LETTER I, Gazette of the United States July 25, 1792
General
Beginning of newspaper war with Jefferson.
item 163 T.L. LETTER II, Gazette of the United States August 1, 1792
item 162 DETECTOR, Gazette of the United States July 28, 1792
General
Attributed to Hamilton by Philip Marsh.
item 164 PHILLIP FRENEAU AFFIDAVIT RESPONDING TO CHARGES BY HAMILTON OF JEFFERSON'S UNDUE INFLUENCE, Gazette of the United States August 8, 1792
item 165 AN AMERICAN ESSAY II ESSAY ATTACKING JEFFERSON, Columbian Centinel August 25, 1792
item 166 CATULLUS I, Columbian Centinel October 13, 1792
General
Attacking Jefferson.
item 167 CATULLUS IV, Gazette of the United States October 17, 1792
item 169 CATULLUS V, American Daily Advertiser November 26, 1792
General
Listed as IV.
item 171 CATULLUS VI, Gazette of the United States December 22, 1792
General
Includes Thomas Paine 498
item 168 AMERICANUS, Gazette of the United States October 20, 1792
General
Attributed to Hamilton by Philip Marsh.
item 170 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY RESPECTING THE REDEMPTION OF THE PUBLIC DEBT, ETC., Gazette of the United States December 12, 1792
item 172 REPORT ON THE BALANCE OF UNAPPROPRIATED REVENUE RESPONDING TO GILES RESOLUTIONS, Gazette of the United States February 9, 1793
item 173 DEFENSE BEFORE THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, Columbian Centinel February 20, 1793
item 174 DEFENSE BEFORE THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, National Gazette March 9, 1793
item 182 PACIFICUS I, Columbian Centinel July 20, 1793
General
The Pacificus-Helvidius (Hamilton-Madison) debate is the most famous and significant constitutional debate in American history.
Includes Toussaint Louverture 411 (July 20)
item 175 PACIFICUS II, Gazette of the United States July 3, 1793
General
2 copies
item 183 PACIFICUS II, Columbian Centinel July 24, 1793
General
Includes Toussaint Louverture 411 (July 24)
item 176 PACIFICUS III, Gazette of the United States July 6, 1793
item 184 PACIFICUS III, Columbian Centinel July 27, 1793
item 177 PACIFICUS IV, Gazette of the United States July 10, 1793
General
2 copies. Includes Toussaint 409
item 178 PACIFICUS V, Gazette of the United States July 13, 17, 1793
item 180 PACIFICUS V, American Daily Advertiser July 19, 1793
General
Includes Hamilton 181 and Toussaint Louverture 36 (July 19)
item 179 PACIFICUS VI, Gazette of the United States July 17, 1793
item 181 PACIFICUS VI, American Daily Advertiser July 19, 1793
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 180
item 190 PACIFICUS VI, Columbian Centinel August 10, 1793
item 185 PACIFICUS VII, Gazette of the United States July 27, 1793
General
Includes Toussaint Louverture 409 and Toussaint Louverture 412
item 186 PACIFICUS VII, American Daily Advertiser July 29, 1793
General
Includes Toussaint Louverture 410 (July 29)
item 187 NO JACOBIN I, American Daily Advertiser July 31, 1793
General
Attacking French Revolution and Jeffersonian attitudes.
item 188 NO JACOBIN II, American Daily Advertiser August 5, 1793
item 189 NO JACOBIN III, American Daily Advertiser August 8, 1793
item 191 NO JACOBIN IX, Gazette of the United States August 31, 1793
General
See: James Madison 448
item 192 LETTER DEFENDING ALEXANDER STEVENS, Gazette of United States September 14, 1793
General
See: James Madison 450
item 193 AMERICANUS I, Gazette of the United States February 1, 1794
General
Hamilton's final response to Madison.
item 194 AMERICANUS II, Gazette of the United States February 8, 1794
General
Continues attack on Madison and Jefferson.
item 195 TULLY I, American Daily Advertiser August 23, 1794
General
On Whisky Rebellion and Constitution.
Includes Whiskey Rebellion 671
item 196 TULLY III, American Daily Advertiser August 28, 1794
General
On Whisky Rebellion and Constitution.
item 197 TULLY IV, American Daily Advertiser September 2, 1794
General
On Whisky Rebellion and attacks on Congress.
item 198 THE DEFENSE (CAMILLUS) No. IV, Connecticut Courant August 31, 1795
General
On Jay Treaty.
item 199 THE EXPLANATION (Part One), Providence Gazette December 5, 1795
General
Defending Washington and self on corruption charges.
item 200 THE EXPLANATION (Part Two), Massachusetts Spy December 16, 1795
General
Defending Washington and self on corruption charges.
Includes George Washington 596
item 201 PHOCION I, Gazette of the United States October 14, 1796
General
The Phocions were Anti-Jefferson essays on the eve of 1796 election.
General
Comments from Mr. Krause: I originally acquired the Phocions because of Ron Chernow's attribution to Hamilton. After extensive research and discussion with scholars, I have concluded that the consensus of his contemporaries that attributed the Phocion essays to William Loughton Smith is "probably" correct, although some historical and stylistic problems remain. Chernow's attribution to Hamilton, seconded by historian John Ferling (predicated on Chernow's attribution), probably rested on a false premise. Since Hamilton had used the Phocion pseudonym in two 1784 essays, when Chernow found the 1796 Phocions on a visit to the New York Historical Society, he and or the historical society confused them, believing the 1784 pseudonym of Hamilton was also used by him on the 1796 essays. I talked with the New York Historical Society, and they have a catalog entry with William Loughton Smith as the author of the 1796 Phocions. The prolific production of twenty- five essays in five weeks, the mastery of economic detail (although Smith may have had help from Oliver Wolcott Jr., who succeeded Hamilton as Treasury Secretary), plus the Beckley letter to Madison on October 15, 1796, where he attributes Phocion to Hamilton, could easily lead one to Hamilton. Hamilton may still have written them, and for political reasons (such as wanting to run for president in the future), allowed-instructed Smith to take the credit. Smith was a congressman, colleague, and friend of Hamilton, who pushed Hamilton's agenda vigorously in Congress. At this point, authorship is an open question, although the evidence leans toward Smith. Smith published "The Pretensions of Thomas Jefferson to the Presidency Examined" in 1796, supposedly a compilation of the Phocion essays published in the Gazette of the United States. (Regardless of who is the author, these essays may well have played a part in the 1796 election victory of Adams over Jefferson, which was the intention of the essays.)
item 995 PHOCION XVII, Gazette of the United States November 8, 1796
item 996 PHOCION XIX, Gazette of the United States November 10, 1796
item 997 PHOCION XX, Gazette of the United States November 11, 1796
item 202 PHOCION XXIII, Gazette of the United States November 16, 1796
item 203 PHOCION XXIV, Gazette of the United States November 19, 1796
item 204 LETTER ON REYNOLD'S AFFAIR, Gazette of the United States July 8, 1797
item 205 LETTER ON AURORA LIBELS AND FREE PRESS, Connecticut Courant November 18, 1799
item 206 LETTER FROM ALEXANDER HAMILTON CONCERNING THE PUBLIC CONDUCT AND CHARACTER OF JOHN ADAMS, ESQUIRE, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, Philadelphia Aurora October 22, 1800
General
Intercepted by Aaron Burr and released to the Republican press (the Aurora) before Hamilton could publish it in pamphlet form. It proved to be a catalyst for Jefferson's victory in the 1800 election and the beginning of the end of Hamilton's career and the Federalist party.
item 207 ADDRESS TO ELECTORS OF NEW YORK, The Portfolio May 23, 30, June 6, 1801 Size: Small
item 208 The EXAMINATION I, The Balance January 5, 1802 Size: Small
General
Attacking the Jefferson administration and Hamilton's final defense and review of the Constitution and his own record.
item 209 THE EXAMINATION II, The Balance January 12, 1802 Size: Small
item 210 THE EXAMINATION III, The Balance January 19, 1802 Size: Small
item 211 THE EXAMINATION IV, The Balance January 26, 1802 Size: Small
item 212 THE EXAMINATION V, The Balance February 2, 1802 Size: Small
item 213 THE EXAMINATION VI, The Balance February 9, 1802 Size: Small
item 214 THE EXAMINATION VII, The Balance February 16, 1802 Size: Small
item 215 THE EXAMINATION VIII, The Balance February 23, 1802 Size: Small
item 218 THE EXAMINATION IX, The Balance March 2, 1802 Size: Small
item 221 THE EXAMINATION X, The Balance March 9, 1802 Size: Small
item 222 THE EXAMINATION XI, The Balance March 16, 23, 1802 Size: Small
item 216 THE EXAMINATION XII, New York Evening Post February 23, 1802
item 217 THE EXAMINATION XIII, New York Evening Post February 27, 1802
item 219 THE EXAMINATION XIV, New York Evening Post March 2, 1802
item 220 THE EXAMINATION XV, New York Evening Post March 3, 1802
item 223 THE EXAMINATION XVI, New York Evening Post March 19, 1802
item 224 THE EXAMINATION XVII, New York Evening Post March 20, 1802
item 225 THE EXAMINATION XVIII, New York Evening Post April 8, 1802
item 226 LETTER REFUTING CHARGE WASHINGTON AND LAFAYETTE ORDERED HAMILTON TO MURDER PRISONERS AT YORKTOWN, The Balance August 17, 1802 Size: Small
item 227 DEATH AND FUNERAL AND HAMILTON/BURR CORRESPONDENCE, The Repertory July 20, 1804
General
Includes Aaron Burr 58
John Hancock
item 228 SPEECH ON JUST COMPLETED CONSTITUTION AND RATIFICATION AND SHAYS' REBELLION, Massachusetts Gazette October 19, 1787
General
See: John Adams 1
Patrick Henry
item 229 SENEX OPPOSING ADAM'S DEFENSE OF CONSTITUTIONS OF GOVERNMENT, Salem Mercury September 4, 1787
General
Includes Constitution 637
John Jay
item 230 FEDERALIST NO. 2, American Museum Magazine November 1787 Size: Small
General
First appearance in an American magazine
See: Alexander Hamilton 133
item 231 FEDERALIST NO. 3, American Museum Magazine December 1787 Size: Small
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 134
item 232 FEDERALIST NO. 4, American Museum Magazine December 1787 Size: Small
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 134
item 233 FEDERALIST NO. 5, American Museum Magazine December 1787 Size: Small
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 134
item 234 EXCHANGE OF LETTERS WITH LORD GRENVILLE, Federal Orrery October 30, 1794
item 235 TWO LETTERS, Massachusetts Spy November 16, 1796
General
Includes French Revolution 954
Thomas Jefferson
item 252 INAUGURAL ADDRESS, Columbian Centinel March 14, 1801
item 253 INAUGURAL ADDRESS, Boston Gazette March 16, 1801
item 273 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Boston Gazette December 27, 1802
General
Includes Thomas Jefferson 274
item 275 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Farmer's Museum December 28, 1802
General
See: Thomas Paine 514
item 276 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, The Balance December 28, 1802 Size: Small
item 283 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, The Balance October 25, 1803 Size: Small
item 286 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, New York Evening Post November 12, 1804
item 287 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, The Repertory November 20, 1804
item 288 SECOND INAUGURAL ADDRESS, The Balance March 19, 1805 Size: Small
item 289 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Boston Gazette December 12, 1805
item 290 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, The Balance December 17, 1805 Size: Small
item 291 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE AND PROCLAMATION AGAINST BURR CONSPIRACY, The Balance December 9, 1806 Size: Small
item 293 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, New York Herald October 31, 1807
item 294 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Charleston Courier November 9, 1807
item 300 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, The Balance November 15, 1808 Size: Small
item 236 INSTRUCTIONS FOR VIRGINIA DELEGATES TO CONGRESS, London Chronicle September 24, 1774 Size: Small
General
On the eve of the first Continental Congress, the concluding part of Jefferson's first significant political writing, an early unpublished and shortened version of A Summary View. Found nowhere else except the Library of Congress. Earliest reference to a Jefferson writing.
item 237 A SUMMARY VIEW OF THE RIGHTS OF BRITISH AMERICA, London Chronicle November 24, 1774 Size: Small
General
Conclusion of Jefferson's first published opus, a founding document of America, and a precursor of Declaration of Causes and Declaration of Independence. One of first public mentions of Jefferson. First and maybe only excerpts of A Summmary View in a paper.
item 238 DECLARATION OF CAUSES AND NECESSITY OF TAKING UP ARMS, Gentleman's Magazine August 1775 Size: Small
General
With John Dickinson. Last milestone on road to the Declaration of Independence.
Includes John Dickinson 70 and Revolutionary War 617
item 239 EXTRACT OF LETTER ON INDIAN CULTURE AND EXPLORATION AND SCIENCE AND ART, Massachusetts Gazette August 28, 1787
General
See: John Adams 1
item 240 EXTRACT OF LETTER ON INDIAN CULTURE AND EXPLORATION AND SCIENCE AND ART, American Museum Magazine November 1787 Size: Small
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 133
item 241 ALBEMARLE LETTER, Gazette of United States March 24, 1790
General
One of his most famous.
item 242 REPORT AS SECRETARY OF STATE ON COD AND WHALE FISHERIES, American Daily Advertiser February 22, 1791
item 243 LETTER TO FRENCH NATIONAL ASSEMBLY, Massachusetts Spy December 15, 1791
General
Responding to their tribute to deceased Franklin, shows split in Washington cabinet and country between pro-French Jeffersonians and pro-British Federalists.
item 244 REPORT AS SECRETARY OF STATE ON NORTHWEST TERRITORY, Gazette of the United States December 17, 1791
item 245 JEFFERSON/BENJAMIN BANNEKER CORRESPONDENCE, Columbian Magazine October 1792 Size: Small
item 246 LETTER TO FRENCH MINISTER, Gazette of the United States July 20, 1793
item 247 LETTERS ON GENET AND HIS LETTER, Concord Herald September 5, 1793
item 248 LETTERS ON GENET AND HIS LETTER, American Daily Advertiser December 27, 1793
item 249 LETTER TO MAZZEI EXCORIATING THE FEDERALIST GOVERNMENT AND PRECIPITATING THE FINAL RUPTURE WITH WASHINGTON, Columbian Centinel May 10, 1797
General
Most notorious missive of Jefferson's career.
item 250 LETTER ON VIRTUES OF REPUBLICANISM, Massachusetts Spy February 18, 1801
item 251 LETTER TO HOUSE ACCEPTING ELECTION AS PRESIDENT, Connecticut Courant March 9, 1801
item 254 LETTER TO SWEDENBORGIAN CHURCH, Columbian Centinel March 28, 1801
item 1061 LETTER TO PROVIDENCE CITIZENS ON ELECTIVE GOVERNMENT, THE CONSTITUTION, THE IMPROVEMENT OF MAN, THE WASTEFUL ENERGIES OF WAR, AND THE HOPE FOR PEACE WITH ALL NATIONS, The Massachusetts Spy April 22, 1801
item 255 LETTER AFTER 1800 ELECTION, Telegraph and Daily Advertiser April 30, 1801
item 1028 EXTRACT OF A LETTER WHERE JEFFERSON SPEAKS AGAINST THE SLANDERS OF HIS ENEMIES AND REGARDS HIMSELF AS THE SINCEREST FRIEND OF SCIENCE, New England Palladium July 3, 1801
item 1062 LETTER TO ELIJAH BROWN ON THE PERILS OF A FREE PRESS BUT THE NEED TO DEFEND IT, American Mercury September 17, 1801
General
Jefferson unusually in this kind of letter vents against the hated Federalists whose "distortions and perversions of truth and justice" and the "lacerations of its slanders" still compel us to willingly if reluctantly submit to maintain our freedom.
item 256 LETTER ON THE CONSTITUTION, New England Palladium January 5, 1802
item 257 LETTER TO CHESHIRE BAPTISTS ON THE CONSTITUTION AND VIRTUES OF BEING A FREEBORN FARMER, The Portfolio January 23, 1802 Size: Small
item 258 LETTER ON BERCEAU AFFAIR, The Balance May 25, 1802 Size: Small
item 259 PRE-SALLY SATIRICAL POEM THAT FIRST MENTIONS JEFFERSON'S SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP WITH SLAVES AND CALLENDER LETTER, The Portfolio July 10, 1802 Size: Small
item 260 PRE-SALLY SATIRICAL POEM THAT FIRST MENTIONS JEFFERSON'S SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP WITH SLAVES AND CALLENDER LETTER, Farmer's Museum August 10, 1802
General
Includes Anti-Jefferson 324 and Napoleon Bonaparte 895
item 263 JAMES CALLENDER'S ARTICLE EXPOSING JEFFERSON AND SALLY HEMINGS, New York Evening Post September 10, 1802
General
First mention of Sally Hemings and one of the most scandalous articles in American history.
item 265 JAMES CALLENDER'S ARTICLE EXPOSING JEFFERSON AND SALLY HEMINGS, Farmer's Museum September 28, 1802
item 264 REFERENCES TO SALLY HEMINGS, New York Herald September 25, 1802
General
Includes Toussaint Louverture 434, Anti-Jefferson 332, Anti-Jefferson 333
item 266 SATIRICAL POEM ON JEFFERSON AND SALLY HEMINGS, The Portfolio October 2, 1802 Size: Small
General
2 copies. Also in bound volume, The Portfolio, 1802-1803
item 272 SATIRICAL POEM ON JEFFERSON AND SALLY, The Portfolio November 6, 1802 Size: Small
General
See: bound volume, The Portfolio, 1802-1803
item 277 REFERENCES TO SALLY HEMINGS, The Portfolio January 1, 15, 22, 1803 Size: Small
General
See: bound volume, The Portfolio, 1802-1803
item 274 SATIRICAL POEM ON JEFFERSON AND SALLY (by J.Q. Adams), Boston Gazette December 27, 1802
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 273
item 280 SATIRICAL POEM ON JEFFERSON, The Portfolio January 22, 1803 Size: Small
General
See: bound volume, The Portfolio, 1802-1803
item 281 SATIRICAL POEM ON JEFFERSON, SALLY AND PAINE, The Portfolio April 9, 1803 Size: Small
item 261 LETTER TO PAINE ON HIS CONTROVERSIAL RETURN TO THE U.S., New York Herald August 11, 1802
General
Includes Anti-Jefferson 325
item 262 LETTER TO PAINE ON HIS CONTROVERSIAL RETURN TO THE U.S., New England Palladium August 13, 1802
General
Includes Anti-Jefferson 326
item 267 LETTERS TO JAMES CALLENDER, New York Evening Post October 11, 1802
General
Implicating Jefferson in a possible corruption scandal involving Callender's attacks on Adams and Washington.
item 268 LETTERS TO JAMES CALLENDER, New York Herald October 13, 1802
General
Includes Anti-Jefferson 345, Anti-Jefferson 340, Anti-Paine 521, and Toussaint Louverture 438
item 269 LETTERS TO JAMES CALLENDER, Massachusetts Spy October 20, 1802
General
Includes Anti-Jefferson 350 and Toussaint Louverture 440
item 270 LETTERS TO JAMES CALLENDER, Farmer's Museum October 26, 1802
General
Includes Anti-Jefferson 353
item 271 LETTERS TO JAMES CALLENDER, Balance October 26, 1802 Size: Small
General
See: Anti-Jefferson 352
item 963 COLUMN ON JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER LETTERS, REPORTS FROM LISBON, TANGIER, AND TRIPOLI DURING THE FIRST BARBARY WAR, New York Herald October 23, 1802
item 278 LETTER ON SPAIN VIOLATING LOUISIANA TREATY, The Balance January 4, 1803 Size: Small
General
Includes Jefferson 279 and Louisiana Territory and Purchase 648
item 279 MESSAGE AND EXTRACTS OF PAINE LETTER TO CITIZENS OF THE U.S., The Balance January 4, 1803 Size: Small
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 278
item 282 LETTER TO PAINE ON HIS CONTROVERSIAL RETURN TO THE U.S., The Balance May 24, 1803 Size: Small
item 284 MESSAGE ON LOUISIANA, The Balance November 8, 1803 Size: Small
item 285 MESSAGE ON OFFICIAL ACQUISITION OF LOUISIANA, Columbian Centinel January 28, 1804
item 1063 LETTER TO CONGRESS ON TRIPOLITAN WAR (SEE SECTION BARBARY PIRATES), Massachusetts Spy February 5, 1806
General
This deals with the application of Hamet Karamanli, former Bashaw of Tripoli, to be restored to the throne now occupied by his brother. Six months previously, a force of eight US Marines and hundreds of mercenaries had captured Derna, leading to the end of the war. This was the first time the American flag was raised in victory on foreign soil (memorialized in the Marines Hymn, "the shores of Tripoli"). Wearied of the blockade and raids, and attempts to restore his brother to the throne, Yusuf Karamanli signed a peace treaty in June 1805. In agreeing to pay a ransom of $60,000 for the American prisoners, the Jefferson administration drew a distinction between paying tribute and paying ransom.
General
Also JEFFERSON LETTER ON COMMERCE WITH ST. DOMINGO (HAITI)
item 965 REPORT FROM THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY ON THE AMOUNT OF DEPOSITS OF THE PUBLIC MONEY IN THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER BANKS FOR THE LAST THREE YEARS, BILL PROPOSING TO SURVEY THE COAST OF THE UNITED STATES, New York Herald January 14, 1807
item 966 CONGRESS DISCUSSION ON SALT TAX, REPORT ON MONEY APPROPRIATED FOR THE PRESIDENT TO IMPROVE AND REPAIR FORTIFICATIONS AND BUILD NEW GUNBOATS, New York Herald January 21, 1807
item 292 MESSAGE TO CONGRESS ON BURR CONSPIRACY, National Aegis February 4, 1807
General
See: Aaron Burr 60
item 967 STATEMENT BY JOHN LANSING JR. (CHANCELLOR OF NEW YORK) AGAINST GOVERNOR DEWITT CLINTON AND JUDGE AMBROSE SPENCER, New York Herald May 23, 1807
item 968 PROCLAMATION INTERDICTING BRITISH VESSELS November 19, 1807 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
item 970 MESSAGE TO CONGRESS ON EMBARGO December 22, 1807 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
item 295 LETTERS TO CONGRESS AND NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURE AND EMBARGO ACT, Columbian Centinel December 30, 1807
item 296 MESSAGE TO CONGRESS JUSTIFYING EMBARGO, National Intelligencer March 18, 1808
item 297 PROCLAMATION ON EMBARGO, National Intelligencer May 13, 1808
General
New England conspiring and trading with Canadians to avoid effects of Jefferson's embargo.
item 298 JEFFERSON ON THE EMBARGO, National Intelligencer September 14, 1808
item 999 LETTER EXPLAINING AND JUSTIFYING THE EMBARGO, National Intelligencer September 28, 1808
item 299 LETTERS ABOUT THE FRIENDSHIP OF JEFFERSON, MADISON AND MONROE AND WHO WILL SUCCEED JEFFERSON, American Citizen November 2, 1808
General
Includes James Monroe 474
item 975 JEFFERSON ON EMBARGO DURING 1808 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, New York Herald November 15, 1808
item 977 MESSAGE TO CONGRESS ON EMBARGO November 30, 1808 Size: Small
General
Issued in consequence of the opposition, in the neighborhood of Lake Champlain, to the laws laying down an embargo.
Pamphlet.
item 301 JEFFERSON ON THE EMBARGO, Boston Gazette December 22, 1808
item 302 LETTER TO REPUBLICANS, Independent Chronicle February 20, 1809
item 1000 LETTER ON RETIREMENT AS PRESIDENT, National Intelligencer May 5, 1809
item 303 LETTER TO NEW YORK REPUBLICANS, Independent Chronicle October 19, 1809
General
See: James Madison 454
item 1001 LETTER ON SCIENCE AND THE PUBLIC, New York Evening Post March 23, 1812
item 304 LETTER OFFERING HIS LIBRARY TO CONGRESS DURING 1812 WAR AND DEBATE ABOUT LIBRARY PURCHASE, National Intelligencer October 25, 27, 1814
item 305 LETTER OFFERING HIS LIBRARY TO CONGRESS DURING 1812 WAR AND DEBATE ABOUT LIBRARY PURCHASE, Niles' Weekly Register October 29, 1814 Size: Small
item 306 LETTER ON FRENCH REVOLUTION AND AMERICAN MANUFACTURES, Independent Chronicle February 19, 1816
item 307 LETTER ON EDUCATION PREVIEWING UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA, Niles' Weekly Register March 16, 1816 Size: Small
item 1049 LETTER TO GEORGE LOGAN ON THE AFTERMATH OF THE NAPOLEONIC WARS, Niles' Weekly Register May 18, 1816 Size: Small
General
Jefferson mentions Czar Alexander's capture of Paris, the loss of independence and self-government for certain countries and cities, the continued dominance of the Napoleonic moral code and the British government, and the necessity for America to look after itself.
item 308 LETTER ON PEACE AND WAR, New York Evening Post July 10, 1816
General
See John Adams 28
item 309 LETTER ON PEACE AND WAR, Niles Weekly Register July 13, 1816 Size: Small
General
See John Adams 29
item 310 LETTER ON AFRICAN COLONIZATION, Niles Weekly Register April 19, 1817 Size: Small
item 311 LETTER ON WESTWARD EXPANSION, Independent Chronicle May 1, 1817
item 1002 LETTER TO WATERHOUSE ON THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY, JOHN ADAMS, AND THE PROCESS OF AGING, New-Hampshire Patriot December 29, 1818
item 312 LETTER TO MANUEL NOAH ON JEWS AND RELIGIOUS FREEDOM, Niles' Weekly Register February 20, 1819 Size: Small
General
See: John Adams 30 (page 10)
item 313 PETITION TO CONGRESS AS RECTOR OF UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA, Niles' Weekly Register December 15, 1821 Size: Small
item 315 LETTER TO JOHN ADAMS, Columbia Centinel December 10 (27?), 1823
General
One of few private letters from their correspondence published in a newspaper in their lifetimes.
2 copies.
item 314 LETTER TO ADAMS, Niles' Weekly Register December 21, 1822 Size: Small
item 316 LETTER ON VIRGINIA CONSTITUTION, Niles Weekly Register April 23, 1825 Size: Small
General
Includes James Madison 467
item 317 LETTER ON RICHARD OWEN'S UTOPIAN SOCIAL EXPERIMENT, United States Gazette September 27, 1825
item 1003 LETTER TO HIS GRANDSON ON HIS ECONOMIC PLIGHT AND PSYCHOLOGICAL CONDITION, National Intelligencer July 25, 1826
Anti-Jefferson
item 318 ANTI-JEFFERSON, The Balance March 30, April 27, June 15, 1802 Size: Small
item 319 MAZZEI LETTER, The Balance April 13, June 1, 1802 Size: Small
item 320 THREE FIFTHS CLAUSE, The Balance May 11, August 3, 1802 Size: Small
General
Jefferson winning 1800 election because slaves are counted as 3/5 of a human being in the voting, giving a huge advantage to slaveholders.
item 321 CALLENDER LETTER EXONERATING HIMSELF AND LINK TO JEFFERSON AND EXTRACTS FROM "PROSPECT BEFORE US", The Balance August 3, 1802 Size: Small
General
Attacking Adams and Washington.
item 322 JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER NO. 1, New York Evening Post August 3, 1802
item 323 JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER NOS. 2 AND 3, New York Evening Post August 5, 1802
item 325 JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER NOS. 4, 5, AND 6, New York Herald August 11, 1802
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 261
item 330 JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER NO. 7 AND HISTORY OF CALLENDER FINE AND JEFFERSON'S INVOLVEMENT, The Balance September 7, 1802 Size: Small
item 331 CALLENDER LETTER AND JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER NO. 8, The Balance September 14, 1802 Size: Small
item 338 JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER NO. 10, Farmer's Museum October 5, 1802
General
Includes Toussaint Louverture 436 and Napoleon Bonaparte 900
item 341 JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER NO. 11, Farmer's Museum October 12, 1802
General
Includes Toussaint Louverture 437 and Napoleon Bonaparte 902
item 324 CALLENDER LETTER, Farmer's Museum August 10, 1802
General
He not only broke the story of Sally Hemings but implicated Jefferson shortly before in a corruption scandal where Jefferson had paid and encouraged Callender in his books and articles to attack Adams and Washington with lies and exaggerations
See: Thomas Jefferson 260
item 328 CALLENDER LETTER DEFENDING HIMSELF AND ASSERTING JEFFERSON PAID HIS FINE ON RELEASING HIM FROM PRISON AND JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER NO. 5, The Balance August 24, 1802 Size: Small
item 336 CALLENDER LETTER, New York Herald October 2, 1802
General
2 copies (also Aaron Burr 56). Includes Anti-Jefferson 337, and Toussaint Louverture 435, and Napoleon Bonaparte 898
item 352 CALLENDER LETTER AND BACKGROUND OF CONTROVERSY, The Balance October 26, 1802 Size: Small
item 326 CALLENDER AND ANTI-JEFFERSON, New England Palladium August 13, 1802
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 262
item 327 JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER, New York Herald August 21, 1802
General
See: Napoleon Bonaparte 896
item 339 GENERAL HAMILTON EXONERATED FROM WRITING LETTERS TO WASHINGTON ATTACKING JEFFERSON, New York Herald October 9, 16, 1802
General
October 9 includes Anti-Jefferson 340 and Anti-Paine 520
See: Anti-Jefferson 347 for October 16
item 340 JEFFERSON AND PAINE, New York Herald October 9, 12, 13, 16, 20, 1802
General
See: Anti-Jefferson 339 (October 9), Anti-Jefferson 344 (October 12), Thomas Jefferson 268 (October 13), and Anti-Jefferson 347 (October 16). Excludes October 20.
item 329 JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER, The Balance August 31, 1802 Size: Small
item 332 CALLENDER ACCUSATIONS AGAINST JEFFERSON, New York Herald September 25, 1802
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 264
item 333 ACCUSING JEFFERSON OF NOT BEING SOLE AUTHOR OF DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE AND EXONERATING CALLENDER IN HIS CHARGES AGAINST JEFFERSON AND MENTION OF SALLY HEMINGS AND HER FIVE MULATTO CHILDREN AND CARTER'S MOUNTAIN, New York Herald September 25, 1802
General
Jefferson's cowardice as Governor of Virginia.
See: Thomas Jefferson 264
item 334 JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER, The Balance September 28, 1802 Size: Small
item 335 JEFFERSON'S COWARDICE IN AMERICAN REVOLUTION AND HYPOCRISY OF HIS WRITINGS, New York Herald September 29, 1802
General
Includes Napoleon Bonaparte 897
item 337 DEFENSE OF HAMILTON AGAINST JEFFERSON AND REFERENCES TO SALLY HEMINGS WITHOUT NAMING HER, New York Herald October 2, 1802
General
See: Aaron Burr 56 or Anti-Jefferson 336 (2 copies)
item 342 JEFFERSON AND RELIGION, New York Evening Post October 12, 15, 1802
General
See: Anti-Jefferson 346 (October 15)
item 343 JEFFERSON AND PAINE, New York Evening Post October 12, 15, 1802
General
See: Anti-Jefferson 344 (October 12) and Anti-Jefferson 346 (October 15)
item 344 JEFFERSON ANTI-CONSTITUTION, COWARD, LIAR, New York Evening Post October 12, 1802
General
About Washington and Hamilton.
Includes Anti-Jefferson 342 and Anti-Jefferson 343 (October 12)
item 345 ON CALLENDER AFFAIR AND JEFFERSON'S OPPOSITION TO THE CONSTITUTION, New York Herald October 13, 20, 1802
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 268 (October 13). Excludes October 20.
item 346 JEFFERSON INTERFERENCE IN DELAWARE ELECTION, New York Evening Post October 15, 1802
General
Includes Anti-Jefferson 342, Anti-Jefferson 343, and Anti-Paine 522
item 348 JEFFERSON'S INTERFERENCE IN DELAWARE ELECTION AND HIS ASSISTANCE TO PAINE, New York Herald October 16, 1802
General
See: Anti-Jefferson 347
item 347 MAZZEI LETTER, New York Herald October 16, 1802
General
Jefferson's attack on Washington.
Includes Anti-Jefferson 339, Anti-Jefferson 348, Toussaint Louverture 439, and Anti-Paine 523
item 349 CALLENDER ACCUSATIONS AGAINST JEFFERSON, The Balance October 19, 1802 Size: Small
item 350 JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER, Massachusetts Spy October 20, 1802
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 269
item 353 SUMMARY OF CHARGES BY CALLENDER AGAINST JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER'S POSITION AS STATED BY THE RICHMOND RECORDER, Farmer's Museum October 26, 1802
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 270
item 354 JEFFERSON AND RELIGION, The Balance November 2, December 14, 21, 1802 Size: Small
item 355 1800 ELECTION IMPROPRIETIES, The Balance November 9, 1802 Size: Small
item 356 MRS. WALKER AFFAIR, The Balance November 16, 1802 Size: Small
General
As the Republicans had attacked Hamilton in the Reynold's Affair, so the Federalists claimed that during the Revolution, Jefferson unseemly pressed his attentions on the wife of his absent neighbor, who later suggested a duel to remedy the situation, causing Jefferson years later to make his only admission of guilt.
item 371 MRS. WALKER AFFAIR, The Balance February 26, April 9, June 11, 18, July 2, 16, 30, 1805 Size: Small
item 361 SALLY HEMINGS, MRS. WALKER, M. COSWAY IN SAME ISSUE, The Portfolio January 15, 1803 Size: Small
General
Mention of the three women most associated with Jefferson. Maria Cosway, an Italian/English artist and socialite, was the love of Jefferson's life, who met the envoy to France in 1786. Exchanging love letters in the early days, they carried on a random correspondence for the rest of Jefferson's life.
General
See: bound volume, The Portfolio, 1802-1803
item 357 JEFFERSON AND PAINE, The Balance November 30, December 14, 1802 Size: Small
item 358 LIST OF JEFFERSONIAN ABUSES, The Balance December 7, 1802 Size: Small
item 359 ANTI-JEFFERSON, The Portfolio December 18, 1802, January 1, 15, 1803 Size: Small
item 362 CALLENDER, The Balance January 18, 1803 Size: Small
item 363 ANTI-JEFFERSON, The Balance February 27, April 12, 1803 Size: Small
item 364 JEFFERSON'S HYPOCRISY AND JUDICIARY, The Balance May 10, 1803 Size: Small
item 365 JEFFERSON AND SLAVERY, The Balance June 7, 1803 Size: Small
item 366 QUESTIONABLE MONEY LOAN AND COWARDICE, The Balance June 21, 1803 Size: Small
item 367 SEDITION LAW AND DEATH OF CALLENDER, The Balance August 9, 1803 Size: Small
item 368 JEFFERSON'S QUESTIONABLE EXPERTISE ON SCIENCE, The Balance December 13, 27, 1803 Size: Small
General
Mountain of Salt.
item 964 A DEFENSE OF THE LEGISLATURE OF MASSACHUSETTS ON RIGHTS OF NEW ENGLAND 1804 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
item 369 WHO IS ANTI-WASHINGTON? DISMISSAL OF JUDGES, The Balance January 15, 1805 Size: Small
item 370 PEACE ACTIONS AND COWARDICE, The Balance February 5, 1805 Size: Small
item 372 VIRGINIA AND COWARDICE AND CHARGES BY NEW ENGLAND PALLADIUM, The Balance February 26, 1805 Size: Small
item 373 JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER AND NAPOLEON AND LOUISIANA, The Balance March 5, 1805 Size: Small
item 374 CALLENDER LETTERS AND NEW YORK EVENING POST VINDICATED FOR LIBELLING JEFFERSON, The Balance April 9, 1805 Size: Small
item 375 TRADE EMBARGO AGAINST HAITI, The Balance April 16, 1805 Size: Small
item 376 JEFFERSON'S SECOND INAUGURAL AND JEFFERSON AND CALLENDER AND JEFFERSON'S OWN ANTI-JEFFERSON WRITINGS, The Balance April 30, 1805 Size: Small
item 377 JEFFERSON LETTER TO REPUBLICAN CRIMINAL, The Balance May 21, 1805 Size: Small
item 378 BOSTON REPERTORY DEFENDS CHARGES AGAINST JEFFERSON AND LETTER FROM DISTINGUISHED VIRGINIAN THOMAS TURNER, The Balance June 18, 1805 Size: Small
item 379 JEFFERSON'S APPOINTMENTS, The Balance July 2, 1805 Size: Small
item 380 COMPARING ADAMS TO JEFFERSON, The Balance July 16, 1805 Size: Small
item 381 JEFFERSON AND PAINE, The Balance July 23, 1805 Size: Small
item 382 FAILURE TO PROTECT SHIPPING, The Balance August 6, 1805 Size: Small
item 383 RELATIONS WITH SPAIN, The Balance August 20, 1805 Size: Small
item 384 VINDICATION OF JEFFERSON (ironic) AND SUGGESTION JEFFERSON INTENDED TO SURRENDER VIRGINIA TO ARNOLD DURING REVOLUTIONARY WAR AND CHARGE THAT CALLENDER'S "PROSPECT BEFORE US" ACTUALLY WAS WRITTEN BY JEFFERSON, The Balance September 17, 1805 Size: Small
item 385 VINDICATION OF JEFFERSON (ironic), The Balance September 24, 1805 Size: Small
item 386 VINDICATION OF JEFFERSON (ironic), The Balance October 1, 1805 Size: Small
item 387 VINDICATION OF JEFFERSON (ironic) AND DEFENDING AMERICAN RIGHTS AND INQUIRY INTO HIS CONDUCT, The Balance October 8, 1805 Size: Small
item 388 VINDICATION OF JEFFERSON (ironic) AND WHERE IS OUR GOVERNMENT?, The Balance October 22, 1805 Size: Small
item 389 THOMAS TURNER'S RESPONSE TO VINDICATION OF JEFFERSON, The Balance November 5, 1805 Size: Small
item 390 EVILS OF JEFFERSON'S FRIEND JOEL BARLOW, The Balance November 19, 1805 Size: Small
item 391 AMERICA AND SPAIN AND ANTI-BARLOW, The Balance November 26, 1805 Size: Small
item 392 OUR INCOMPETENT ADMINISTRATION, The Balance December 3, 1805 Size: Small
item 393 JEFFERSON'S SUPPORT OF DUANE AS JASPER DWIGHT IN ATTACKING WASHINGTON AND ASSISTING PAINE IN HIS ATTACKS AND CALLENDER AND OUR POSITION IN THE WORLD, The Balance December 10, 1805 Size: Small
item 394 JEFFERSON'S WEAKNESS AT HOME AND TIMIDITY IN FOREIGN RELATIONS, The Balance December 24, 1805 Size: Small
item 971 MR. GARDINIER'S SPEECH 1808 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
item 972 CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN GOVERNOR SULLIVAN AND TIMOTHY PICKERING 1808 Size: Small
General
In which the latter vindicates himself against the groundless charges and insinuations made by the governor and other.
Pamphlet.
item 974 LETTER FROM TIMOTHY PICKERING TO HIS CONSTITUENTS ON EMBARGO 1808 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
item 976 MR. HILLHOUSE'S SPEECH ON THE RESOLUTION TO REPEAL THE EMBARGO November 29, 1808 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
item 973 MR. PICKERING'S SPEECH IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES, ON THE RESOLUTION OFFERED BY MR. HILLHOUSE TO REPEAL THE SEVERAL ACTS LAYING AN EMBARGO November 30, 1808 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
item 978 CONGRESSMAN LIVERMORE'S SPEECH ON EMBARGO 1809 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
item 979 MR. QUINCY'S SPEECH IN THE HOUSE 1809 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
James Madison
item 453 INAUGURAL ADDRESS, United States Gazette for the Country March 9, 1809
item 455 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Massachusetts Spy December 6, 1809
item 456 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Connecticut Mirror December 10, 1810
item 457 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Connecticut Mirror November 11, 1811
item 458 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Weekly Messenger November 13, 1812
item 459 SECOND INAUGURAL ADDRESS, The War (New York) March 16, 1813
General
Plus famous correspondence between Captain Bainbridge of USS Constitution and British General Hislop of the Java.
item 460 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Columbian Centinel December 11, 1813
item 462 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, The Yankee September 30, 1814
item 464 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Columbian Centinel December 9, 1815
item 465 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Columbian Centinel December 11, 1816
item 447 HELVIDIUS I (the Helvidius-Pacificus [Hamilton] essays), Gazette of the United States August 24, 28, 1793
General
The above essays represent the most famous and significant constitutional debate in American history.
item 448 HELVIDIUS II, Gazette of the United States August 31, 1793
General
2 copies. Includes Alexander Hamilton 191
item 449 HELVIDIUS III, Gazette of the United States September 7, 1793
item 450 HELVIDIUS IV, Gazette of the United States September 14, 1793
General
Includes Alexander Hamilton 192
item 451 HELVIDIUS V, Gazette of the United States September 18, 1793
item 444 ANNOUNCES PROPOSING AMENDMENT TO CONSTITUTION, American Museum Magazine May 1789 Size: Small
General
See: Benjamin Franklin 121
item 445 ON THE BANK BILL, Gazette of the United States April 20, 1791
General
Includes John Adams 9
item 446 SPEECH TO THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ON HAMILTON, Gazette of the United States March 27, 1793
General
Includes French Revolution 945
item 452 TWO LETTERS AS SECRETARY OF STATE REGARDING EMBARGO, New York Herald November 19, 1808
item 980 PROVINCIAL PARLIAMENT OF LOWER CANADA SPEECH, LIEUTENANT ALEXANDER CONTEE HANSON'S DEFENCE, DECLARATION OF WAR BY FRANCIS OF AUSTRIA (WAR OF THE FIFTH COALITION), New York Herald June 10, 1809
item 981 SAMUEL SMITH AND JAMES BUCHANAN CORRESPONDENCE CONDEMNING JAMES WILKINSON, REPORT ON DANGERS OF SLAVE TRADE FROM CUBA BY NEW ORLEANS CORRESPONDENT, New York Herald August 19, 1809
item 982 CONGRESS EXTENDING EMBARGO ON GREAT BRITAIN AND FRANCE, EXTRACTS FROM HALIFAX PAPERS, New York Herald August 23, 1809
item 454 LETTER TO NEW YORK REPUBLICANS, Independent Chronicle October 19, 1809
General
Includes Thomas Jefferson 303
item 983 DECLARATION OF THE COUNTY OF ESSEX, MASSCHUSETTS BY THE DELEGATES ASSEMBLED IN CONVENTION 1812 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
item 984 AN ADDRESS OF MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE TO THEIR CONSTITUENTS ON THE SUBJECT OF THE WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN 1812 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
item 1036 PROCLAMATION RECOMMENDING A DAY OF PRAYER, Niles Weekly Register July 31, 1813 Size: Small
General
One of Madison's most religious utterances, similar in its religiosity to those found in Washington, Adams, and Lincoln.
item 461 PROCLAMATION ON BURNING OF WASHINGTON, D.C., Weekly Aurora September 13, 1814
General
Includes War of 1812 745
item 985 THE PROCEEDINGS OF A CONVENTION OF DELEGATES (THE HARTFORD CONVENTION) DISCUSSING A NEW ENGLAND SECESSION AND A CLOSE ASSOCIATION WITH ENGLAND, FROM THE STATES OF MASSACHUSETTS, CONNECTICUT, AND RHODE-ISLAND; THE COUNTIES OF CHESHIRE AND GRAFTON, IN THE STATE OF NEW-HAMPSHIRE; AND THE COUNTY OF WINDHAM, IN THE STATE OF VERMONT; CONVENED AT HARTFORD, IN THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT, December 15, 1814 1815 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
item 463 MESSAGE TO CONGRESS ON TREATY OF GHENT, Boston Patriot March 4, 1815
General
Ending War of 1812.
item 466 LETTER TO MANUEL NOAH ON JEWS AND RELIGIOUS FREEDOM, Niles' Weekly Register February 20, 1819 Size: Small
General
See: John Adams 30 (page 10)
item 467 LETTER ON VIRGINIA CONSTITUTION, Niles Weekly Register April 23, 1825 Size: Small
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 316
item 468 LETTER ON THE CONSTITUTION, Massachusetts Yeoman January 3, 1829
General
Late analysis of the Constitution during the nullification controversy.
item 469 LETTER ON THE CONSTITUTION, Banner of the Constitution October 20, 1830
General
Historic final word on the Constitution by the father of the Constitution.
item 470 LETTER TO INGERSOLL ON STATE POWER TO MAKE BANKS AND FEDERAL CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES, Western Statesman April 15, 1831
James Monroe
item 475 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE (MONROE DOCTRINE), Columbian Centinel December 10, 1823
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 315
item 471 VINDICATION OF JEFFERSON, Gazette of the United States September 26, 1792
General
Includes French Revolution 941
item 472 VINDICATION OF JEFFERSON, Gazette of the United States December 8, 1792
item 473 VINDICATION OF JEFFERSON, Gazette of the United States January 5, 1793
item 474 CORRESPONDENCE WITH JEFFERSON, American Citizen November 2, 1808
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 299
Thomas Paine
item 476 APPENDIX TO THE PAMPHLET TITLED COMMON SENSE WITH AN ADDRESS TO THE QUAKERS, Norwich Packet April 8, 1776 - April 15, 1776
General
Bradford Edition of February 14, 1776, containing an additional 30 percent of material (the appendix and letter to the Quakers). Paine's celebrated biographer, David Freeman Hawke, said: "In the last line of the Appendix every American was asked to become...a virtuous supporter of the rights of mankind, and of the free and independent states of America."
item 477 EXCERPTS FROM COMMON SENSE, Edinburgh Evening Courant April 15, 1776 Size: Small
General
First UK printing.
item 478 PLAIN TRUTH GIVES TORY RESPONSE TO COMMON SENSE, London Chronicle June 6, 1776 Size: Small
item 479 AMERICAN CRISIS III, Providence Gazette May 31, 1777
item 481 AMERICAN CRISIS VII, Connecticut Gazette December 4, 1778
item 480 SATIRIC POLITICAL POEM TO GOVERNOR JOHNSTONE, Providence Gazette August 22, 1778 Size: Small
General
Includes Revolutionary War 628
item 482 LETTER ON SILAS DEANE, Connecticut Journal January 13, 1779
General
Broadsheet.
item 483 LETTER VINDICATING COMMON SENSE, AMERICAN CRISIS AND SUPPORT OF INDEPENDENCE AND SILAS DEANE AFFAIR, Pennsylvania Packet September 14, 1779
item 1046 LETTER AS CLERK OF THE PENNSYLVANIA GENERAL ASSEMBLY REGARDING POSSIBLE EMERGENCY POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT OF PENNSYLVANIA DURING THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR, London Magazine August 1780
General
Size: Small
item 484 COMMON SENSE ON FINANCING THE WAR, Freeman's Journal or the North-American Intelligencer March 13, 1782
item 485 LETTER TO SIR GUY CARLETON, Independent Gazeteer June 8, 1782
General
Includes George Washington 549
item 1034 LETTER TO CINCINATUS ON BRITISH AND AMERICAN COMMERCE, The Continental Journal & Weekly Advertiser May 6, 1784
General
Comments from Mr. Krause: I believe this might be a letter by Paine. In the first line of the letter Common Sense (Paine ?) intends to write a reply to Lord Sheffield's pamphlet, but four months before in December, 1783, he has already written a reply. The style is close enough to be Paine, but others have used the Common Sense pseudonym. Many of Paine's lesser works are almost impossible to find (and not listed in his Complete Works). The Gimble collection of Thomas Paine Papers at the American Philosophical Society may be able to shed more light.
See: George Washington 993
item 486 LETTER ON THE BANK OF THE U.S., Pennsylvania Packet December 17, 1785
item 487 EXCERPTS FROM RIGHTS OF MAN, PART I, Columbian Magazine April 1791 Size: Small
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 157
item 488 DEDICATION TO WASHINGTON OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN, Columbian Centinel May 4, 1791
item 489 LETTER TO ABBE SIEYES, New York Journal September 14, 1791
General
Includes Joseph Priestly 535
item 490 LETTER TO ABBE SIEYES, Columbian Centinel September 17, 1791
General
See: Joseph Priestly 536
item 491 LETTER TO ABBE SIEYES, Massachusetts Spy September 29, 1791
General
Includes Joseph Priestly 537
item 1027 LETTER TO THE AUTHORS OF "LE REPUBLICAIN," Columbian Centinel October 12, 1791
General
Comments from Mr. Krause: One of the first Parisian reactions to the news that Louis had fled to Varennes. Le Republicain was a new Parisian newspaper, created by the Societe Republicain, whose members included Paine, Condorcet and Brissot. It lasted for only a few issues, but at that moment was in the vanguard of progressiveness. Paine's letter called for a French Republic, an idea even the Jacobins had not yet embraced. He was all for exiling Louis to America rather than killing him and having him become a catalyst for royalist discontent all over Europe (see Paine series). It prompted a debate with Abbe Sieyes (see Paine series) on the nature and value of monarchies and republics. Paine was moving the revolutionary ball forward, toward a constitution in the American mold. But principled men like La Fayette and Paine would give way to the radical Robespierre and his ilk. In America, Paine had been considered a leftist extremist. In France, he would come to be seen as counter-revolutionary. But on the political continuum he had always remained in the same position. He could be as practical as Hamilton, yet no one upheld the humanist ideals of the Enlightenment more than he.
item 492 ESSAY ON ESTABLISHING A U.S. MINT, American Museum Magazine November 1791 Size: Small
item 493 DEDICATION LETTER FROM RIGHTS OF MAN, PART II TO LAFAYETTE AND PREFACE TO PART II, Independent Chronicle June 28, 1792
item 494 EXCERPTS FROM RIGHTS OF MAN, PART II, Independent Chronicle July 12, 26, August 2, 23, 1792
item 994 LETTER TO SOCIETY FOR CONSTITUTIONAL INFORMATION ON THE PUBLICATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND IMPENDING TREASON TRIAL, Columbian Centinel August 18, 1792
item 495 LETTER TO SECRETARY DUNDAS DEFENDING "RIGHTS OF MAN," Columbian Centinel September 1, 5, 1792
item 496 TWO PAINE LETTERS TO LORD ONSLOW ON THE RIGHTS OF MAN, Columbian Centinel September 26, 1792
item 497 LETTER TO SECRETARY DUNDAS ON INTERROGATION BY BRITISH AUTHORITIES, Columbian Centinel December 12, 1792
General
Includes Joseph Priestly 539 and John Adams 11
item 498 FETED AND HONORED AND ELECTED DEPUTY TO FRENCH CONVENTION AND WASHINGTON OFFERED FRENCH COMMAND, Gazette of the United States December 22, 1792
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 171
item 499 LETTER TO THE PEOPLE OF FRANCE ON WORLD REVOLUTION AND THE BROTHERHOOD OF MAN, American Daily Advertiser December 28, 1792
item 500 LETTER TO THE PEOPLE OF FRANCE ON WORLD REVOLUTION, Gazette of the United States January 2, 1793
item 501 ADDRESS TO THE FRENCH NATIONAL CONVENTION ON PROPRIETY OF BRINGING LOUIS XVI TO TRIAL, Independent Chronicle Extraordinary March 8, 1793
General
Rare broadsheet.
item 502 REASONS FOR PRESERVING LIFE OF LOUIS XVI, Columbian Centinel April 24, 1793
item 503 LETTER FROM THOMAS PAINE TO GEORGE WASHINGTON, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 1797 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
item 504 DESCENT ON ENGLAND, Massachusetts Spy April 4, 1798
General
2 copies (also John Adams 13)
item 505 LETTER ON POSSIBLE FRENCH WAR WITH UNITED STATES, Massachusetts Spy July 25, 1798
item 506 FIRST LETTER TO CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES AND LETTER TO WASHINGTON ATTACKING HIM, Boston Gazette November 25, 1802
item 508 FIRST LETTER TO CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES AND LETTER TO WASHINGTON ATTACKING HIM, Farmer's Museum November 30, 1802
General
Includes Toussaint Louverture 442
item 507 SECOND LETTER TO THE CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES, Aurora November 25, 1802
General
Includes Toussaint Louverture 441 and Napoleon Bonaparte 904 (November 25)
item 509 SECOND LETTER TO THE CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES, Boston Gazette December 2, 1802
General
Includes Toussaint Louverture 441
item 510 THIRD LETTER TO THE CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES, Aurora December 3, 1802
item 511 THIRD LETTER TO THE CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES, Boston Gazette December 9, 1802
General
Includes Anti-Paine 527
item 513 THIRD LETTER TO THE CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES, Farmer's Museum December 21, 1802
item 512 FOURTH LETTER TO THE CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES, Boston Gazette December 16, 1802
General
Includes Anti-Paine 530
item 514 FOURTH LETTER TO THE CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES, Farmer's Museum December 28, 1802
General
Includes Thomas Jefferson 275
item 515 PLAN FOR REVOLUTIONIZING AMERICA, Farmer's Museum February 1, 1803
item 516 REMARKS ON POLITICAL AND MILITARY AFFAIRS OF EUROPE, American Mercury January 1, 1807
item 517 LETTER ATTACKING CHEETHAM, American Citizen October 29, 1807
General
See: Aaron Burr 62
item 518 LETTER ATTACKING CHEETHAM, New York Herald November 28, 1807
General
Includes Stephen Decatur 64
item 519 MEMORIAL TO CONGRESS REGARDING REVOLUTIONARY WAR SERVICE, The Repertory February 19, 1808
Anti-Paine
item 520 PAINE AND JEFFERSON NO. 4, New York Herald October 9, 1802
General
See: Anti-Jefferson 339
item 521 PAINE AND JEFFERSON NO. 5, New York Herald October 13, 1802
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 268
item 522 PAINE AND JEFFERSON ANTI-RELIGION, New York Evening Post October 15, 1802
General
See: Anti-Jefferson 346
item 523 PAINE AND JEFFERSON, New York Herald October 16, 1802
General
See: Toussaint Louverture 437
item 525 SUMMARY OF PAINE'S CRIMES, Boston Gazette November 29, 1802
General
Includes Toussaint Louverture 441 and Napoleon Bonaparte 904 (November 29)
item 526 ANTI-PAINE AND PAINE LETTER TO WASHINGTON, The Balance November 30, 1802 Size: Small
item 527 PAINE AND WASHINGTON, Boston Gazette December 6, 9, 1802
General
See: Thomas Paine 511. Excludes December 6.
item 528 ANTI-PAINE, The Balance December 7, 14, 1802 Size: Small
item 529 PAINE'S DISMISSAL AS SECRETARY TO FOREIGN AFFAIRS COMMITTEE FOR IMPROPRIETIES AND MISCONDUCT, The Portfolio December 11, 18, 1802
General
See: bound volume, The Portfolio, 1802-1803. Excludes December 11.
item 530 PAINE AND JEFFERSON, Boston Gazette December 13, 16, 1802
General
See: Thomas Paine 512 (December 16)
item 531 ANTI-PAINE ON HIS ATTACKS ON WASHINGTON AND ADAMS AND HIS ATHEISM, The Portfolio January 8, 15, 22, 1803 Size: Small
General
See: bound volume, The Portfolio, 1802-1803
item 532 ANTI-PAINE, The Balance January 11, February 22, May 17, June 7, 1803 Size: Small
item 533 ANTI-PAINE, The Balance July 23, September 17, 1805 Size: Small
item 534 PAINE TRYING TO AMEND PENNSYLVANIA CONSTITUTION, The Balance November 5, 1805 Size: Small
Joseph Priestly
item 535 DESTRUCTION OF PRIESTLY'S LAB AND RIOTING IN BIRMINGHAM, New York Journal September 14, 1791
General
See: Thomas Paine 489
item 536 DESTRUCTION OF PRIESTLY'S LAB AND RIOTING IN BIRMINGHAM, Columbian Centinel September 17, 1791
General
Includes Thomas Paine 490
item 537 LETTER TO INHABITANTS OF BIRMINGHAM, Massachusetts Spy September 29, 1791
General
See: Thomas Paine 491
item 538 LETTER TO CONDORCET, Columbian Centinel October 22, 1791
item 539 LETTER TO FRENCH ASSEMBLY DECLINING MEMBERSHIP, Columbian Centinel December 12, 1792
General
See: Thomas Paine 497
George Washington
item 565 INAUGURAL ADDRESS, American Museum Magazine May 1789 Size: Small
General
See: Benjamin Franklin 121
item 575 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE FOR 1789, New York Journal January 14, 1790
General
First State of the Union Address in American history.
item 577 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Columbian Centinel December 22, 1790
item 578 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Connecticut Courant October 31, 1791
item 581 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Columbian Centinel November 14, 1792
item 584 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Providence Gazette and Country Journal December 14, 1793
item 586 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Independent Chronicle and Universal Advertiser December 16, 1793
General
Includes George Washington 587
item 588 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Norwich Packet December 19, 1793
General
Broadsheet supplement to the Norwich Packet.
item 592 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Columbian Centinel November 29, 1794
item 596 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Massachusetts Spy December 16, 1795
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 200
item 597 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Columbian Centinel December 19, 1795
item 603 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Columbian Centinel December 14, 1796
General
See: George Washington 585
item 542 MAJOR WASHINGTON'S JOURNEY TO FORT ERIE, Gentleman's Magazine June 1754 Size: Small
item 1047 LETTER TO LIEUTENANT GENERAL THOMAS GAGE ON PRISONERS OF WAR, The London Gazette September 19, 1775 Size: Small
General
Concern for the condition and treatment of American soldiers prompts this letter to the commander in chief of the British forces in North America a few months after the Battle of Bunker Hill. Washington threatens to treat British soldiers as Americans are treated. He says the rebel soldiers act from the noblest of principles, a love of freedom and their country, and that the rights of humanity are binding on the British.
Also GENERAL GAGE'S LETTER TO WASHINGTON.
item 543 GENERAL ORDER PROHIBITING LOOTING AND PLUNDER. AND NEED FOR HUMANE TREATMENT OF CIVILIANS AND GATES LETTER, London Chronicle April 5, 1777 - April 8, 1777 Size: Small
item 1048 LETTER TO GENERAL HOWE REGARDING PRISONERS OF WAR, The Gentleman's Magazine August 1777 Size: Small
General
One of the prisoners mentioned in the letter is Washington's enemy, General Charles Lee.
See: Revolutionary War 1050
item 545 MANIFESTO IN ANSWER TO GENERAL BURGOYNE'S PROCLAMATION, Edinburgh Advertiser August 29, 1777 - September 2, 1777 Size: Small
General
Maybe a significant "unknown" Washington.
See: Revolutionary War 1050
item 544 LETTERS TO GENERAL HOWE AND MANIFESTO, Gentleman's Magazine September 1777 Size: Small
General
Includes Revolutionary War 626
See: Revolutionary War 1050
item 955 GENERAL GEORGE WASHINGTON AND GENERAL WILLIAM HOWE, BATTLE OF BRANDYWINE, The Edinburgh Evening Courant November 8, 1777 Size: Small
item 956 LETTER ON SENDING GENERAL WAYNE TO SEARCH FOR FOOD AND ROCHAMBEAU LETTER, The London Chronicle October 14, 1780 - October 17, 1780 Size: Small
item 546 LETTER TO CONGRESS ON ARNOLD AFFAIR, Edinburgh Evening Courant December 6, 1780 Size: Small
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 129
item 547 LETTERS INTERCEPTED BY BRITS TO GENERALS SULLIVAN AND LAFAYETTE ON ATTEMPT TO CAPTURE NEW YORK, London Chronicle July 14, 1781 - July 17, 1781 Size: Small
General
Just before Battle of Yorktown and possible disinformation for General Clinton.
item 548 LETTER TO CONGRESS ON YORKTOWN VICTORY, London Chronicle December 20, 1781 - December 22, 1781 Size: Small
General
Includes Alexander Hamilton 130
item 549 LETTER TO GUY CARLETON ON ASGILL CASE, Independent Chronicle June 8, 1782
General
See: Thomas Paine 485
item 550 GENERAL ORDERS PROCLAIMING CESSATION OF HOSTILITIES IN REVOLUTIONARY WAR, London Chronicle June 7, 1783 - June 10, 1783 Size: Small
General
One of Washington's greatest works.
item 551 CIRCULAR LETTER TO THE SEVERAL STATES, Salem Gazette July 24, 1783
item 552 LETTER TO CONGRESS ON QUASHING NEWBURGH CONSPIRACY, London Chronicle July 24, 1783 - July 26, 1783 Size: Small
item 553 CIRCULAR LETTER TO THE STATES AND FAREWELL TO THE PEOPLE AND ADDRESS TO HIS OFFICERS AND LETTER TO THE PRESIDENT OF CONGRESS ON COMPLAINTS OF THE ARMY, Gentleman's Magazine August 1783 Size: Small
item 554 CIRCULAR LETTER CONTINUED, Gentleman's Magazine September 1783 Size: Small
item 555 FAREWELL ORDERS TO THE ARMY, Salem Gazette November 20, 1783
item 556 FAREWELL ADDRESS TO CONGRESS, Gentleman's Magazine March 1784 Size: Small
item 993 ADVERTISEMENT BY WASHINGTON OFFERING TO LEASE 30,000 ACRES ON THE OHIO AND GREAT KANAWA, Continental Journal May 6, 1784
General
Comments from Mr. Krause: Washington, like Jefferson and Madison, was always looking for winning schemes regarding land speculation, as the majority of southern slaveholders had constant problems raising cash.
Author: George Washington
item 557 LETTER OF ENDORSEMENT OF JAMES RUMSEY'S STEAMBOAT FOR POTOMAC COMMERCE, Massachusetts Centinel and the Republican Journal October 9, 1784
item 558 LETTER OF ENDORSEMENT OF JAMES RUMSEY'S STEAMBOAT FOR POTOMAC COMMERCE, Salem Gazette October 12, 1784
item 559 LETTER ON FARMING IS AMERICA'S HIGH CALLING, Pennsylvania Packet October 2, 1786
item 560 LETTER DECLINING PRESIDENCY OF SOCIETY OF CINCINNATI, Pennsylvania Packet and Daily Advertiser April 27, 1787
item 561 LETTER ON IMPORTANCE OF CONSTITUTION, American Museum Magazine January 1788 Size: Small
item 562 GOING TO FIRST INAUGURAL AND CEREMONIAL ACTIVITIES AND ELECTION RESULTS, American Museum Magazine April 1789 Size: Small
General
See: Benjamin Franklin 119
item 564 GOING TO FIRST INAUGURAL ADDRESS AND CEREMONIAL ACTIVITIES AND ELECTION RESULTS, Gazette of the United States April 25, 1789 - April 29, 1789
item 563 LETTERS TO THE PRESIDENT AND EXECUTIVE COUNCIL OF PENNSYLVANIA AND TO TRUSTEES AND FACULTY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA, American Museum Magazine April 1789 Size: Small
General
See: Benjamin Franklin 120
item 566 ADDRESSES TO THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AND LETTERS TO MAYOR AND CITIZENS OF ALEXANDRIA AND BALTIMORE AND PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY OF CINCINNATI AND MAYOR OF PHILADELPHIA, American Museum Magazine May 1789 Size: Small
General
See: Benjamin Franklin 121
item 567 LETTER TO MAYOR AND COUNCIL OF PHILADELPHIA, Massachusetts Centinel May 2, 1789
General
One of the most fervent religious utterances of Washington's political life.
item 568 GOING TO FIRST INAUGURAL ADDRESS AND CEREMONIAL ACTIVITIES AND ELECTION RESULTS, Massachusetts Centinel May 2, 1789
General
See: George Washington 567
item 569 LETTERS TO THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH AND BISHOP OF METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH (AND FIRST ACT OF CONGRESS), Gazette of the United States June 3, 1789 - June 6, 1789
item 572 LETTERS TO THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH AND BISHOP OF METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH (AND FIRST ACT OF CONGRESS), American Museum Magazine November 1789 Size: Small
General
See: Benjamin Franklin 123
item 570 ADDRESS TO WASHINGTON COLLEGE ON EDUCATION, Pennsylvania Packet and Daily Advertiser July 15, 1789
General
Washington's only bequest in his lifetime to an institution of higher learning was to Washington College.
item 571 LETTER TO QUAKERS ON RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE AND ANOTHER TO CONNECTICUT ASSEMBLY AND NEW ENGLAND TOUR, New York Journal and Weekly Register October 29, 1789
item 573 LETTERS TO CONGREGATIONAL MINISTERS OF NEW HAVEN, PRESIDENT OF HARVARD, TOWN OF BOSTON, MAYOR OF HARTFORD, New York Journal and Weekly Register November 5, 1789
item 574 LETTER TO SYNOD OF REFORMED DUTCH CHURCH, Gazette of the United States November 25, 1789
General
See: Benjamin Franklin 125
item 576 LETTER TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF VIRGINIA, Gazette of the United States May 1, 1790
General
See: John Adams 5
item 579 LETTER ON LOUIS AND FRENCH CONSTITUTION, National Gazette March 8, 1792
item 580 EARLY PROCLAMATION ON WHISKEY INSURRECTION, Columbian Centinel October 3, 1792
item 957 HENRY KNOX (SECRETARY OF WAR) RESPONDS TO FAILED ST. CLAIR EXPEDITION, GENERAL DUMOURIER LETTER WARNING OF PRUSSIAN ARMY, Gazette of the United States November 17, 1792
item 582 PROCLAMATION ON RECENT CRIMES AGAINST CHEROKEES, Dunlap's American Daily Advertiser December 19, 1792
item 583 NEUTRALITY PROCLAMATION, Concord Herald May 16, 1793
item 952 TWO LETTERS AND JEFFERSON LETTER AND FRENCH CONSTITUTION, Gazette of United States September 4, 1793
item 585 MESSAGE TO HOUSE ON RELATIONS WITH FRANCE AND GENET AFFAIR (AND STATE OF THE UNION ADDRESS), Columbian Centinel December 14, 1793
item 587 MESSAGE TO HOUSE ON RELATIONS WITH FRANCE AND GENET AFFAIR, Independent Chronicle December 16, 1793
General
See: George Washington 586
item 958 LETTER DEALING WITH THE APPOINTMENT OF JOHN JAY, Courier of New Hampshire May 15, 1794
item 589 FIRST PROCLAMATION ON WHISKEY REBELLION, Columbian Centinel August 16, 1794
General
Includes French Revolution 953
item 590 SECOND PROCLAMATION ON WHISKEY REBELLION, Columbian Centinel October 4, 1794
item 591 LETTER TO HENRY LEE ON WHISKEY REBELLION, Columbian Centinel November 8, 1794
item 959 WASHINGTON RETURNS FROM WHISKEY REBELLION, Courier of New Hampshire November 22, 1794
item 593 PROCLAMATION ON DAY OF THANKSGIVING AFTER WHISKEY REBELLION, Connecticut Courant February 2, 1795
item 594 LETTER ON THE CONSTITUTION, Gazette of the United States August 15, 1795
item 595 LETTER ON JAY TREATY AND CONSTITUTION, Columbian Centinel August 19, 1795
item 598 LETTER TO EDMUND RANDOLPH DEFENDING HIS HONOR AND JAY TREATY AND RANDOLPH RESIGNING IN DISGRACE, The Herald December 30, 1795
item 599 LETTER ON THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, Columbian Centinel January 16, 1796
item 600 MESSAGE TO HOUSE ON JAY TREATY CONCERNING CONSTITUTION AND A TREATY WITH SPAIN, Connecticut Journal April 7, 1796
General
Discussion of Constitution and separation of powers.
item 601 MESSAGE TO HOUSE ON JAY TREATY CONCERNING CONSTITUTION AND A TREATY WITH SPAIN, Connecticut Courant April 11, 1796
item 602 FAREWELL ADDRESS, Federal Gazette and Baltimore Daily Advertiser September 21, 1796
General
Most famous address in American history.
item 960 FAREWELL ADDRESS, The Times November 9, 1796
item 954 LETTER FROM PIERRE ADET, Massachusetts Spy November 16, 1796
General
See: John Jay 235
item 604 FAREWELL LETTER TO HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AND THEIRS TO HIM AND LETTER TO THE LEGISLATURE OF VERMONT, Massachusetts Spy or Worcester Gazette December 28, 1796
item 605 LETTER UPON LEAVING OFFICE CONCERNING THE FORGERIES OF HIS CORRESPONDENCE IN 1777, Morning Chronicle May 30, 1797
item 606 LETTER RELUCTANTLY ACCEPTING COMMAND OF THE ARMY AGAIN DURING THE CRISIS WITH FRANCE, Massachusetts Spy or Worcester Gazette July 25, 1798
item 607 LETTER TO BALTIMORE MASONS, Massachusetts Spy or Worcester Gazette December 12, 1798
Item 1078 LETTER TO THE VIRGINIA MILITIA DURING QUASI-WAR WITH FRANCE, Federal Gazette and Baltimore Daily Advertiser December 15, 1798
General
Washington was in retirement and the very last thing he would want was to be pulled away from Mount Vernon. He was an old man by the standards of the day at sixty-six. But he would do his duty if there was an invasion of the homeland by the French during this quasi-war period. Until that unlikely time, he suggested to Adams that Hamilton was the best man to whip the army into shape. There was bad blood between Adams and Hamilton, which erupted in the 1800 campaign and may have cost Adams the presidency. Adams strongly objected, insisting Washington orchestrate the preparations. Washington wouldn't budge with Adams ultimately capitulating to Washington's desire. This is a stirring, patriotic letter yet anchored by Washington's fervent hope there would be no serious hostilities. This is one of this last letters to make it into the newspapers and Washington had only about a year to live. The Washington Papers indicate that after the second paragraph of the letter, there was a short paragraph missing from this newspaper which said, "Upon this ground have I accepted my commission; and upon this ground I trust that every true American will be prepared to defend his Country against foreign encroachments; and to perpetuate the blessings which he enjoys under his own Government."
General
ALSO JOHN ADAMS LETTER TO THE SENATE
item 608 FUNERAL OF WASHINGTON AND ADAMS' PROCLAMATION, Connecticut Courant January 13, 1800
General
See John Adams 24
item 609 MARTHA WASHINGTON LETTER ON DEATH OF GEORGE, Salem Gazette January 17, 1800
Phyllis Wheatley
item 610 AMERICA'S FIRST BLACK SLAVE POET WRITES POEM "ON RECOLLECTION" AND SHORT BIOGRAPHY, Gentleman's Magazine September 1773 Size: Small
General
See: Benjamin Franklin 98
James Wilson
item 540 FAMOUS SPEECH ON NECESSITY OF THE UNION AND RATIFICATION OF THE CONSTITUTION, Connecticut Courant and Weekly Intelligencer October 22, 1787
Colonial American and Early Republic Topics
Pre-Revolutionary War
item 611 SAMUEL ADAMS CIRCULAR LETTER, New York Gazette July 11, 1768
item 612 REVOLUTIONARY ACTIVITIES, The Boston Evening Post September 3, 1770
item 613 CONTINENTAL CONGRESS AND RESOLVES, Pennsylvania Packet September 5, 1774
item 614 CONTINENTAL CONGRESS AND PETITION TO THE KING, Gentleman's Magazine January 1775 Size: Small
Revolutionary War
item 615 BATTLE OF LEXINGTON AND CONCORD, London Chronicle June 15, 1775 - June 17, 1775 Size: Small
item 616 GUNPOWDER PLOT, London Chronicle July 20, 1775 - July 22, 1775 Size: Small
item 617 DECLARATION OF CAUSES AND NECESSITY OF TAKING UP ARMS AND BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL, Gentleman's Magazine August 1775 Size: Small
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 238
item 618 KING GEORGE SPEECH TO WHICH PAINE RESPONDED IN COMMON SENSE, Gentleman's Magazine October 1775 Size: Small
item 619 BATTLE OF NEW YORK, Supplement to Gentleman's Magazine Supplement, 1776 Size: Small
item 620 PRE-NEW YORK AND CANADA, London Chronicle August 13, 1776 - August 15, 1776 Size: Small
item 621 BATTLE OF NEW YORK AND HOWE'S MEETING WITH FRANKLIN AND ADAMS, London Chronicle November 16, 1776 - November 19, 1776 Size: Small
item 622 GENERAL HOWE PROCLAMATION, London Chronicle November 19, 1776 - November 21, 1776 Size: Small
item 623 BRITISH ADVANCE ON PHILADELPHIA, London Chronicle January 7, 1777 - January 9, 1777 Size: Small
item 624 BATTLE OF PRINCETON, London Chronicle March 8, 1777 - March 11, 1777 Size: Small
item 625 WAR ACTIVITIES AND GENERAL HOWE, London Chronicle April 3-April 5, 1777, June 5-June 7, 1777 Size: Small
item 1050 LETTER FROM WASHINGTON TO GENERAL HOWE ON PRISONERS OF WAR, The Gentleman's Magazine August 1777 Size: Small
General
Mention of General Charles Lee, one of the prisoners, who had badmouthed and undermined Washington in aid of securing his job as commander of the Continental Army. Still Washington named Fort Lee after him. At the Battle of Monmouth in 1778, Lee ordered a premature retreat and was relieved of his command by Washington for disobeying oders and insubordination.
Also GENERAL HOWE'S LETTERS TO WASHINGTON ON PRISONERS OF WAR
Also GENERAL BURGOYNE'S PROCLAMATION, a hyperbolic attack on American rebels, supposedly the catalyst for Washington's Manifesto. (See: Washington 544, 545)
Also GENERAL BURGOYNE'S LETTER TO SECRETARY OF STATE FOR THE COLONIES GEORGE GERMAIN ON THE TAKING OF FORT TICONDEROGA After this success would come the disaster of the Battle of Saratoga, convincing the French the Americans could win, precipitating their entrance into the war.
Also GENERAL HOWE IN JERSEY AND GENERAL CORNWALLIS ON STATEN ISLAND
item 626 WASHINGTON LETTERS AND MANIFESTO, Gentleman's Magazine September 1777 Size: Small
General
See: George Washington 544
item 627 FRANKLIN LETTER TO LORD NORTH AND RECOGNITION OF U.S. BY FRANCE, Connecticut Courant May 26, 1778
General
See: Benjamin Franklin 102
item 628 RECOGNITION OF U.S. AND FRANCE BY SPAIN, Providence Gazette August 22, 1778
General
See: Thomas Paine 480
item 1051 GENERAL CLINTON'S MANIFESTO AND PROCLAMATION, The Town and Country Magazine December 1778 Size: Small
General
The final attempt to keep American British, rejected by Adams and the Congress; too little, too late.
Also BRITISH ABANDON BOSTON AND BLOCKADE OF QUEBEC
item 1073 MANIFESTO OF CONGRESS (WRITTEN BY SAMUEL ADAMS OR GOUVERNEUR MORRIS) AS A MORALE-BOOSTING NATIONAL STATEMENT OF STRENGTH AND CONFIDENCE, DECLARING THE AMERICAN CAUSE JUST AND SUCCESS ASSURED, London Evening Post December 19, 1778
General
Response to Clinton's Manifesto. See Item 1051
item 1074 RESOLUTION PASSED BY CONGRESS URGING PEOPLE TO RETALIATION (against British barbarism), London Evening Post December 19, 1778
item 629 BATTLE OF CAMDEN, London Chronicle October 7, 1780 - October 10, 1780 Size: Small
item 630 BATTLE OF YORKTOWN, Gentleman's Magazine November 1781 Size: Small
item 631 KING GEORGE SPEECH CALLING AMERICA FREE AND INDEPENDENT, European Magazine and London Review December 1782 Size: Small
item 632 KING GEORGE SPEECH CALLING AMERICA FREE AND INDEPENDENT, Gentleman's Magazine January 1783 Size: Small
item 633 PRELIMINARY ARTICLES OF PEACE ENDING REVOLUTIONARY WAR, Pennsylvania Journal and Weekly Advertiser March 15, 1783
General
Follows very closely the Definitive Treaty of Paris, September, 1783.
item 634 BILL RESTORING COMMERCIAL RELATIONS BETWEEN BRITAIN AND U.S. FOLLOWING REVOLUTIONARY WAR, Pennsylvania Packet June 24, 1783
Declaration of Independence
item 635 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, Gentleman's Magazine August 1776 Size: Small
General
First English printing.
Constitution
item 636 SYSTEM FOR THE FUTURE GOV'T OF THE U.S. HAVING BEEN AGREED SPECULATION ON CONTENT OF CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, Massachusetts Gazette August 24, 28, 1787
General
See: John Adams 1
item 637 VERY RARE LEAK FROM CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION AND ONE OF FIRST REFERENCES TO A FUTURE GOVERNMENT, Salem Mercury September 4, 1787
General
See: Patrick Henry 229
item 638 U.S. CONSTITUTION, Gentleman's Magazine November, December, 1787 Size: Small
General
First English printing.
Constitutional State Ratifying Conventions
item 639 MASSACHUSETTS CONVENTION, Connecticut Courant and the Weekly Intelligencer January 28, March 31, 1788
item 640 MASSACHUSETTS CONVENTION, New Hampshire Gazette February 13, 1788
item 641 NEW YORK CONVENTION, Connecticut Courant July 14, 1788
Bill of Rights and Amendments to the Constitution
item 642 PHILADELPHIA REPUBLICANS AGAINST CONSTITUTION AND PENNSYLVANIA FEDERALISTS FOR IT AND REMARKS ON AMENDMENTS, American Museum Magazine April, June, 1789 Size: Small
General
See: Benjamin Franklin 119 (April) and John Adams 3 (June)
item 644 VIRGINIAN (Jeffersonian and Anti-Federalist) PERSPECTIVE ON AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION, Gazette of the United States January 2, 1790
item 645 FURTHER PROPOSED AMENDMENTS TO BILL OF RIGHTS, Gazette of the United States March 13, 1790
Whiskey Rebellion
item 671 PROCLAMATION OF MARYLAND COMMANDER AND PENNSYLVANIA GOVERNOR, American Daily Advertiser August 23, 1794
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 195
item 672 REPORTS ON REBELLION, The Herald A Gazette for the Country September 18, 1794
Shays' Rebellion
item 673 SPEECH BY MASSACHUSETTS GOVERNOR STRONG AND REPORTS, Connecticut Journal October 11, 1786
item 674 REPORTS AND MISCELLANY, Massachusetts Gazette July 17, 24, October 19, 1787
General
See: John Adams 1 (July 17, 24, October 19)
item 675 PETITION BY DANIEL SHAYS, Massachusetts Centinel March 15, 1788
19th Century American Individuals
Pre-Civil War Period
James Buchanan
item 752 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, New York Herald December 28, 1859
General
One of the most racist speeches in history.
Henry Clay
item 753 REFUTING CHARGES MADE BY ANDREW JACKSON, National Journal January 3, 1828
item 754 IN DEFENSE OF THE AMERICAN SYSTEM, New York Spectator March 6, 1832
General
One of the most famous speeches on economics in American history.
item 755 LETTER ON SLAVERY, EMANCIPATION, COLONIZATION, Examiner March 10, 1849
item 756 SPEECH ON MISSOURI COMPROMISE, Lynchburg Virginian August 5, 8, 12, 1850
Stephen Douglas
item 760 SPEECH ON POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY AND KANSAS NEBRASKA ACT, Boston Daily Times February 2, 1854
item 761 ARTICLE ON DIVISION BETWEEN FEDERAL AND LOCAL AUTHORITY(POPULAR SOVEREIGNITY IN THE TERRITORIES) AND CATALYST FOR LINCOLN'S CINCINNATI SPEECH IN 1859, Harper's New Monthly Magazine September 1859 Size: Small
Andrew Jackson
item 779 LETTERS FROM THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS, Aurora February 14, 1815
General
See: War of 1812 746
item 780 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE AND INDIAN REMOVAL, Niles' Weekly Register December 11, 1830 Size: Small
item 781 NULLIFICATION PROCLAMATION, Niles Weekly Register December 15, 1832 Size: Small
item 782 MESSAGE TO CONGRESS ON NULLIFICATION CRISIS, The Evening Post January 19, 1833
item 783 MESSAGE TO CONGRESS ON NULLIFICATION CRISIS, Columbian Register January 26, 1833
Mordecai Manuel Noah
item 841 NOAH BEFORE MARYLAND LEGISLATURE DURING HEARINGS ON JEW BILL OFFERING LETTERS WRITTEN BY ADAMS, MADISON AND JEFFERSON TO HIM AS EVIDENCE TO LIFT RESTRICTIONS ON JEWS, Niles' Weekly Register February 20, 1819 Size: Small
General
Letter appearing only in Noah's book and presidential correspondence.
See: John Adams 30 (pages 9-13)
item 842 CEREMONY CONSECRATING THE FOUNDATION STONE OF THE NEW HEBREW CITY OF ARARAT, Columbian Centinel September 24, 1825
item 843 ARARAT AND GRAND ISLAND SCHEME TO INGATHER JEWS FROM EUROPE AND ELSEWHERE IN AMERICA TO ESTABLISH NEW ZION, Niles Weekly Register October 1, 1825, November 26, 1831 Size: Small
Dred Scott
item 858 DRED SCOTT DECISION, New York Observer March 12, 1857
item 859 DRED SCOTT DECISION, The State of Maine March 17, 1857
item 860 DISSENTING OPINION ON SCOTT CASE BY JUSTICE TURNER, National Era April 2, 1857
Nat Turner
item 873 REPORTS OF NAT TURNER'S REBELLION, Niles Weekly Register August 27, September 3, 1831 Size: Small
item 874 REPORTS OF OTHER INSURRECTIONS, Niles Weekly Register September 24, 1831 Size: Small
item 875 REPORT OF TURNER'S CAPTURE AND HANGING, Niles Weekly Register November 19, 1831 Size: Small
David Walker
item 877 VERY RARE AND LENGTHY REVIEW OF WALKER'S "APPEAL" IN ONE OF THE EARLIEST ISSUES OF THE LIBERATOR, The Liberator April 30, 1831
Daniel Webster
item 878 SPEECH ON MISSOURI COMPROMISE, Lynchburg Virginian July 29, August 1, 1850
David Wilmot
item 879 SPEECH ON PROHIBITION OF SLAVERY IN NEW TERRITORIES, National Era August 17, 1848
Civil War Period
Judah P. Benjamin (Secretary of State for the Confederacy)
item 747 SPEECH ON LAST CALL TO ARMS AND ARMING OF BLACKS BY THE INTELLECTUAL GIANT OF CONFEDERACY, New York Times February 13, 1865
John Wilkes Booth
item 1042 LETTER EXPLAINING HIS MOTIVES REGARDING LINCOLN WRITTEN IN LATE 1864, New York Herald April 20, 1865
General
Recovered from his sister while he was on the run before he was shot.
John Brown
item 748 LETTER ON BATTLE OF OSAWATOMIE, New York Times October 25, 1859
item 749 TRIAL AND SPEECH BEFORE SENTENCING, New York Times November 3, 1859
General
See: Frederick Douglass 762
item 1035 LETTER TO A QUAKER LADY, New York Times November 7, 1859
General
See Frederick Douglass 763
item 750 LETTER TO MRS. CHILD, New York Times November 14, 1859
item 751 LAST LETTER TO HIS FAMILY, Daily Pioneer and Democrat December 10, 1859
item 1045 LETTER TO REV. J. W. MCFARLAND LESS THAN 10 DAYS BEFORE BEING HANGED AND COOK'S (BROWN ASSOCIATE) LAST LETTER TO HIS WIFE AND CHILD, New York Tribune December 21, 1859
General
Brown's very heartfelt and spiritual unburdening at the prospect of death.
Jefferson Davis
item 758 PROCLAMATION THREATENING UNION OFFICERS, New York Times December 28, 1862
item 1070 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE VINDICATING THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF THE CONFEDERACY AND THE INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY, AND THE UNNATURALNESS OF THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION WHICH WILL LEAD TO THE EXTERMINATION OF THE BLACKS AND THEIR SERVILE INSURRECTION AGAINST THEIR PEACEFUL MASTERS, New York Herald January 17, 1863
item 759 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE TO CONFEDERATE CONGRESS, New York Tribune November 11, 1864
item 1071 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE (SEE LINCOLN PROCLAMATION ON THANKSGIVING), The Crisis November 23, 1864
Frederick Douglass
item 762 LETTER DISAVOWING CONNECTION TO BROWN'S RAID, New York Times November 3, 1859
General
Includes John Brown 749
item 763 LETTER ON JOHN BROWN AND SLAVERY, New York Times November 7, 1859
item 764 EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION AND NEGRO SOLDIERS SPEECH, New York Daily Tribune February 7, 1863
item 765 MEN OF COLOR CALL TO ARMS SPEECH, New York Daily Tribune March 5, 1863
item 766 EMANCIPATION IN MARYLAND SPEECH, Commonwealth November 26, 1864
item 767 WHAT THE BLACK MAN WANTS SPEECH, Commonwealth February 25, 1865
item 768 AMERICAN ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY SPEECH, New York Times May 11, 1865
item 769 LETTER TO PRESIDENT JOHNSON ON BLACKS VERUS WHITES, New York Times February 9, 1866
item 770 THOUGHTS ON SAN DOMINGO AFTER A VISIT, Daily State Journal May 4, 1871
item 771 RESOLUTIONS ON BLACK TREATMENT IN SOUTH, New York Tribune February 2, 1875
item 1032 EXTRACT OF A LETTER ON THE FATE OF THE SOUTH AND THE VINDICATION OF HIS OWN EFFORTS ON BEHALF OF THE NEGRO, New York Times January 19, 1879
item 772 LETTER ON GREATNESS OF JOHN BROWN, New York Times April 30, 1881
item 1009 ARTICLE ON THE CONDITION OF THE FREEDMEN, Harper's Weekly December 8, 1883 Size: Small
John Fremont
item 773 GENERAL FREMONT'S EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION, New York Tribune September 2, 1861
General
Anticipating Lincoln and rescinded by Lincoln.
William Lloyd Garrison
item 774 ANTI-SLAVERY SPEECH, The Liberator July 12, 1861
General
See: Wendell Phillips 846
Ulysses S. Grant
item 776 LETTER TO CONGRESSMAN MORRIS REGARDING THE INFAMOUS GENERAL ORDER NO. 11 WHICH LINCOLN RESCINDED, AND LETTER OF ADOLPH MOSES, New York Times November 30, 1868
General
Order No. 11, issued by Grant in December 1862, ordered the expulsion of Jews from the Department of the Tennessee due to suspicion of illegal trade. This letter is the only public explanation Grant ever offered on the subject as it was broached during the 1868 presidential campaign.
General
See Reconstruction 776
item 1055 PROCLAMATION SUSPENDING HABEAS CORPUS AND SOUTH CAROLINA KU KLUX KLAN, New York Times October 18, 1871
General
The Enforcement Acts, three bills passed in 1870-71, were criminal codes that supposedly protected African-Americans' rights to vote, hold office, and to serve on juries and receive equal protection under the law. Grant, who was tired of the violent tactics of the Ku Klux Klan, ordered them to disperse from South Carolina and lay down their arms under the authority of the Enforcement Acts. There was no response, so Grant issued a suspension of habeas corpus in nine counties of South Carolina, ordering troops in the state to round up and disarm the Klan.
General
See Reconstruction 1055
David Hunter
item 777 GENERAL HUNTER'S EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION, New York Tribune May 20, 1862
General
Anticipating Lincoln and rescinded by Lincoln.
item 778 LETTER VINDICATING USE OF BLACK TROOPS, The Liberator July 11, 1862
General
See: Wendell Phillips 850
item 1072 LETTER AGAINST SLAVERY AND THE NEED TO USE BLACK TROOPS, The New York Times August 6, 1862
General
One of the most liberal generals in the US Army, Hunter freed the blacks on his own in 1862 in the vast territory that he controlled, only to have Lincoln rescind his order to placate the border states (See item 777).
General
Also contains PARAPHRASE OF A SPEECH BY WENDELL PHILLIPS ON THE WAR
Andrew Johnson
item 791 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, The World December 3, 1867
General
The most racist speech by an American president.
General
See Reconstruction 791
item 786 RACIST VETO OF FREEDMEN'S BILL AND RANTING AND PARANOID SPEECH TALKING OF PRO-BLACK RADICAL REPUBLICANS AS TRAITORS AND ASSASSINS AND COMPARING HIMSELF TO CHRIST AND WILLING TO UNDERGO MARTYRDOM, New York Times February 23, 1866
General
See Reconstruction 786
item 787 RACIST VETO OF CIVIL RIGHTS BILL, New York Times March 28, 1866
General
See Reconstruction 787
item 1052 PROCLAMATION ON THE END OF THE CONFEDERATE INSURRECTION (CIVIL WAR), The World (New York) April 3, 1866
General
War was not waged for the purpose of conquest or subjugation, nor for overthrowing or interfering with the rights or established institutions of the states, but to defend the Constitution and preserve the Union. War was forced upon the country by disunionists of the South.
item 788 RACIST AND DEFAMATORY CAMPAIGN SPEECHES, New York Herald September 10, 1866
General
See Reconstruction 788
item 789 RACIST AND DEFAMATORY CAMPAIGN SPEECHES, New York Times September 13, 1866
General
See Reconstruction 789
item 1053 VETO OF THE FIRST RECONSTRUCTION ACT, New York Times March 4, 1867
General
Johnson, a sympathizer of the south and a slaveholder, despite being an avowed unionist, wants the military governments in the southern states to lighten the burden of draconian regulations and make the oppressive atmosphere of military rule less prevalent. He seems to have a problem with Negroes being allowed to vote, especially since they haven't asked for that right. He considers the purpose of the bill to change the character and structure of the state governments, and to compel them to accept laws they are unwilling to accept if left to themselves. He, like the South, was never fully contrite or acknowledged the sin of slavery. He considers the powers given to military officers amounts to absolute despotism, and the nine million southerners are bereft of any legal defense, since local control is overridden by the military.
item 790 RACIST VETO OF SUPPLEMENTARY RECONSTRUCTION BILL, New York Times March 24, 1867
General
See Reconstruction 790
item 1054 PROCLAMATION RESTORING ALL RIGHTS TO REBELLION PARTICIPANTS, New York Weekly Tribune September 11, 1867
General
Restoration of all property except as to slaves and that civil authority might be reestablished as long as its legislation will conform to the condition of affairs growing out of the amendment to the Constitution prohibiting slavery. In many cases the former slaveholders had to take loyalty oaths and deliver them personally to Johnson, who had always hated the genteel landowners, as he came from the lowest and poorest class of whites. This is his revenge. He wanted to avoid in general a retaliatory and vindictive policy with its attendant pains, disqualifications, penalties and disenfranchisements, and have the former southern members of Congress seated and brought back into the government. The Radical Republicans would impeach Johnson for his obstructionist policies during Reconstruction and his leniency to the unrepentant South.
item 792 JOHNSON'S IMPEACHMENT TRIAL, New York Tribune May 6, 1868
Robert E. Lee
item 794 LETTER TO GENERAL ROSECRANS ON RECONSTRUCTION PROSPECTS AND BLACK INFERIORITY AND EXPULSION OF BLACK MEMBERS FROM GEORGIA LEGISLATURE, New York Times September 5, 1868
Lewis and Clark
item 395 ABOUT TO LEAVE AND AT LOUISVILLE, The Balance October 4, December 6, 1803 Size: Small
item 396 LETTER FROM LEWIS TO JEFFERSON FROM FORT MANDAN, New England Palladium July 26, 1805
General
The only communication published during the expedition and one of the most historic letters in American history.
item 397 LETTER FROM LEWIS TO JEFFERSON FROM FORT MANDAN, The Balance August 13, 1805 Size: Small
item 398 SPECIMENS FROM THE EXPEDITION, The Balance September 17, 1805 Size: Small
item 399 MEN FROM EXPEDTION AND INDIANS AT ST. LOUIS, The Balance November 5, 1805 Size: Small
item 400 MESSAGE FROM JEFFERSON TO CONGRESS DESCRIBING MISSION OF LEWIS AND CLARK, United States' Gazette for the Country February 28, 1806
item 401 MESSAGE FROM JEFFERSON TO CONGRESS DESCRIBING MISSION OF LEWIS AND CLARK, Alexandria Daily Advertiser March 1, 1806
item 402 LETTER FROM CLARK TO BROTHER, Aurora November 3, 1806
General
Very famous letter.
item 403 CELEBRATORY DINNER GIVEN LEWIS ON HIS RETURN FEATURING THE FIRST APPEARANCE OF THE FAMOUS POEM BY JOEL BARLOW "ON THE DISCOVERIES OF CAPTAIN LEWIS,"National Intelligencer January 16, 1807
General
Suggesting the renaming of the Columbia to Lewis River.
item 404 LEWIS LETTER ON UNAUTHORIZED BOOKS, National Intelligencer March 27, 1807
item 405 PROSPECTUS FOR PUBLISHING OFFICIAL ACCOUNT OF EXPEDITION AND LEWIS' SIG. AFTER DESCRIBING MAP OF NORTH AMERICA, National Intelligencer July 31, 1807
item 969 LETTER FROM NATHANIEL PRYOR (SERGEANT IN THE LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION) TO GENERAL WILLIAM CLARK (INDIAN AGENT), FRENCH-BRITISH RELATIONS, New York Herald November 25, 1807
Abraham Lincoln
item 811 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, Boston Evening Transcript December 4, 1861
item 823 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, New York Tribune December 2, 1862
item 834 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, New York Times December 10, 1863
General
Supplement to the New York Times.
item 837 STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, New York Tribune December 7, 1864
item 796 LINCOLN AND DOUGLAS DEBATE AT FREEPORT, New York Tribune September 1, 1858
General
Also features letter from Elizabeth Cady Stanton (page 6) declining the invitation to join the "Lady Managers" of the Mount Vernon Association, stating: "Until we give the world freedom, and a new type of womanhood, we have no energies to spend elsewhere."
item 797 SPEECH AT CINCINNATI ON SLAVERY, National Intelligencer September 22, 1859
item 798 COOPER UNION SPEECH, New York Times February 28, 1860
item 799 LETTER ON RIGHTS OF NATURALIZED CITIZENS, New York Times May 29, 1860
item 800 SENTIMENTS OF THE PRESIDENT ON THE SECESSION QUESTION, New York Herald November 23, 1860
item 801 FAREWELL SPEECH AT SPRINGFIELD AS PRESIDENT ELECT, New York Tribune February 12, 1861
item 802 SPEECHES AT CINCINNATI AND INDIANAPOLIS AS PRESIDENT ELECT, New York Tribune February 13, 1861
item 803 SPEECH AT BUFFALO AS PRESIDENT ELECT, New York Tribune February 18, 1861
item 804 SPEECH AT NEW YORK AS PRESIDENT ELECT, New York Tribune February 21, 1861
item 805 PROCLAMATION DECLARING START OF CIVIL WAR AND FORT SUMTER, New York Daily Tribune April 15, 1861
item 806 MESSAGE TO CONGRESS ON THE CAUSE, PURPOSE, AND CONSTITUTIONALITY OF THE WAR, New York Herald July 6, 1861
General
One of Lincoln's little known great speeches.
item 807 PROCLAMATION ON REBEL PROPERTY, New York Herald August 17, 1861
item 808 LETTER TO GOVERNOR OF KENTUCKY ON TROOP REMOVAL, The Crisis September 12, 1861
item 809 LETTER TO GENERAL JOHN FREMONT ON RESCINDING HIS EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION, New York Herald September 15, 1861
General
2 copies
item 810 PROCLAMATION ON NATIONAL FAST DAY, Davenport Daily Gazette September 26, 1861
item 1044 LETTER REFUSING TO PARDON SLAVE-TRADER CAPTAIN NATHANIEL GORDON BEFORE HE IS TO BE HANGED, New York Herald February 7, 1862
General
Lincoln stays the execution for two weeks to allow Gordon to get his affairs in order. Gordon was the first and only slave-trader in the history of the United States to be tried, convicted, and hanged in accordance with the Constitution and federal law. On August 7, 1860 897 slaves were taken on board his ship, Erie, in West Africa, 334 adults and the rest children. It was said he preferred them because they could not rebel against his cruelties. His ship was captured by USS Mohican. Despite Lincoln's well-known compassion and inclination to issue pardons, this he could not abide. The trial judge, Worcester Aegis, said, "Think of the sufferings of the unhappy beings whom you crowded on the Erie; of their helpless agony and terror as you took them from their native land; …Do not flatter yourself that because they belonged to a different race from yourself, your guilt is therefore lessened— rather fear that it is increased. In the just and generous heart, the humble and the weak inspire compassion, and call for pity and forbearance. As you are soon to pass into the presence of that god of the black man as well as the white man, who is no respecter of persons, do not indulge for a moment the thought that he hears with indifference the cry of the humblest of his children. On another related case, perhaps less egregious, Lincoln had said, "I believe I am kindly enough in nature and can be moved to pity and to pardon the perpetrator of almost the worst crime that the mind of man can conceive or the arm of man can execute; but any man, who, for paltry gain and stimulated only by avarice, can rob Africa of her children to sell into interminable bondage, I never will pardon, and he may stay and rot in jail before he will ever get relief from me."
item 812 MESSAGE TO CONGRESS RECOMMENDING COMPENSATED EMANCIPATION AND MONITOR AND MERRIMACK, Newark Advocate March 14, 1862
item 813 MESSAGE ON EMANCIPATION OF SLAVERY IN DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, The Crisis April 23, 1862
item 814 PROCLAMATION RESCINDING GENERAL DAVID HUNTER'S EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION, The Liberator May 23, 1862
General
See: Wendell Phillips 849
item 815 APPEAL TO BORDER STATES AND ADDRESS OF REPRESENTATIVE MEMBERS OF CONGRESS, New York Tribune July 19, 1862
General
Going over Lincoln's head to make the case for arming blacks.
item 816 ENFORCEMENT OF THE CONFISCATION ACT, New York Herald July 23, 1862
item 817 SPEECH ON FIGHT BETWEEN MCCLELLAN AND STANTON, New York Tribune August 7, 1862
item 819 MEETING AT WHITE HOUSE WITH FREE BLACKS, New York Tribune August 15, 1862
General
Full Title: "The Colonization of People of African Descent. Interview with President Lincoln. Speech of the President. He holds that the White and Black Races Cannot Dwell Together. He urges Colored Men to Exert Themselves for Colonization. He suggests Central America as the Colony."
item 820 MEETING AT WHITE HOUSE WITH FREE BLACKS, The Liberator August 22, 1862
item 821 PROCLAMATION SUSPENDING WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS AND REPLY TO SERENADE IN HONOR OF EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION, New York Times September 25, 1862
item 822 LETTER TO HORACE GREELEY, Pittsburgh Post October 4, 1862
item 1064 ADDRESS OF THE COLORED PEOPLE OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA TO PRESIDENT LINCOLN, New York Herald November 3, 1862
General
In the scandalous meeting at the White House in August with some free blacks, Lincoln contemned and undignified them, deemed them the cause of the war, said black and white could never live together, and desired them to emigrate to certain distant shores (such as Chiriqui, Panama) where they could live peaceably and autonomously, the achievement of which would be assisted by the governement (see Item 819). Now, three months later, they are waiting to hear from Lincoln. This is happening only two months after the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. On December 31, 1862, the night before the main Emancipation Proclamation was to go into effect, Lincoln was meeting with Bernard Kock, a shady operator, to discuss colonization (self-deportation) plans for the free blacks. On April 16, Lincoln delivered a proclamation -- a repudiation of an agreement with Bernard Kock. On February 1, 1864, Lincoln issued an executive order -- regarding the colonization experiment, ending his hopes to relocate the free black population of America outside its borders. Lincoln's views on colonization are revealed in the 1861, but especially the 1862 state of the union message.
item 1005 MESSAGE OF CONGRATULATIONS TO THE ARMY OF THE POTOMAC AFTER BATTLE OF FREDERICKSBURG, New York Herald December 24, 1862
General
Comments from Mr. Krause: Unlike after the Battle of Gettysburg, where Lincoln could still produce the Gettysburg Address, he was particularly devastated by the losses and senseless slaughter of Fredericksburg which caused him to fall into a slough of despond that worried everybody around him, and contributed to the flat and uninspiring message to the troops-so uncharacteristically un-Lincolnian.
item 824 EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION, New York Herald January 3, 1863
item 1065 LETTER TO GENERAL MCCLELLAN AND TWO GENERAL ORDERS AND MCCLELLAN LETTER TO GENERAL BANKS, Daily Richmond Examiner January 28, 1863
General
The letter to McClellan is almost a year old. It was likely not released at the time due to its controversial nature, as it would not be helpful to the war effort to see the President dressing down his general for not being aggressive enough in trying to take Richmond. Appearing in one of the most prominent southern papers, it was meant to embarrass Lincoln. In the end, Lincoln allowed McClellan to have his way with disastrous results. Their contentious relationship began even before Lincoln was president. McClellan took every opportunity to insult Lincoln, who eventually removed him from command. They never reconciled, especially after McClellan lost the presidential election to Lincoln. The general orders also from the period of the letter, referring to the General's dilatoriness.
item 825 LETTER TO MANCHESTER, ENGLAND WORKINGMEN, The Liberator March 6, 1863
item 991 THE UNION LEAGUE GREAT POPULAR DEMONSTRATION, A PLEA FOR THE SOUTHERN UNIONISTS - AN EXPOSE OF COMPROMISERS AND TRAITORS, ADDRESS OF ANDREW JOHNSON, ANNOUNCING DRAFT OF NEGROES, DEPUTATION FROM INHABITANTS OF BIRMINGHAM TO LINCOLN EXPRESSING HORROR AT FORMATION OF CONFEDERACY, The New York Times March 15, 1863
item 826 SIEGE OF VICKSBURG, New York Tribune April 1, 1863
item 827 PROCLAMATION ON THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE, The Age April 25, 1863
item 828 LETTER ON MILITARY ARRESTS AND CONSTITUTION, New York Herald June 15, 1863
item 829 PROCLAMATION FOR DAY OF THANKSGIVING AND PRAYER, Star in the West July 25, 1863
item 830 LETTER TO GOVERNOR SEYMOUR AFTER NEW YORK DRAFT RIOTS ON DRAFT LAW, SUPREME COURT AND CONSTITUTION, New York Times August 10, 1863
item 831a LETTER TO CONKLING DEFENDING EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION, New York Times September 3, 1863
item 831b LETTER TO CONKLING DEFENDING EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION, The Liberator September 11, 1863
item 1037 LETTER TO GRANT ADMITTING LINCOLN MADE A WRONG TACTICAL SUGGESTION, Army and Navy Journal September 5, 1863
item 832 PROCLAMATION SUSPENDING HABEAS CORPUS, The Waterbury American September 18, 1863
item 833 LETTER TO GOVERNOR ON MARYLAND ELECTION, New York Evening Post November 5, 1863
item 1066 LINCOLN LETTER ON WESTERN VICTORIES AND ARMY OF THE WEST, New York Times December 4, 1863
item 1038 PROCLAMATION OF AMNESTY AND RECONSTRUCTION, Army and Navy Journal December 12, 1863
General
See item 839 very last speech of Lincoln.
Shows Lincoln was ruminating on reconstruction as early as 1863. There is also an important report by Secretary of War Edwin Stanton.
item 835 LETTER TO HODGES, LINCOLN DEFINES HIS POSITION ON SLAVERY AND THE CONSTITUTION, The Crisis May 4, 1864
item 1039 IMPROMPTU SPEECH AFTER RENOMINATION, New York World June 10, 1864
item 1006 ADDRESS AT A SANITARY FAIR IN PHILADELPHIA ON WAR, THE RELIEF OF SOLDIERS, AND U. S. GRANT, New York World June 17, 1864
item 1067 LINCOLN PROCLAMATION APPOINTING A DAY OF NATIONAL HUMILIATION, FASTING AND PRAYER, The Crisis July 20, 1864
item 1068 LINCOLN PROCLAMATION OF THANKSGIVING AND PRAYER, The Vermont Chronicle September 10, 1864
item 836 LETTER TO HENRY HOFFMAN ON SLAVERY, Alexandria Gazette October 11, 1864
item 1069 LINCOLN PROCLAMATION ON THANKSGIVING, The Crisis November 23, 1864
General
As with the above proclamations, and especially with this one, Lincoln exhibits his piety, humility and employment of exalted religious imagery, much as Washington, Adams, and even Madison had in the past on days of fasting and thanksgiving.
General
Also JEFFERSON DAVIS' STATE OF THE UNION ADDRESS
item 838 SERENADE TO PRESIDENT SPEECH AND PASSAGE OF 13TH AMENDMENT, New York Tribune February 3, 1865
General
In which Lincoln dismisses importance of Emancipation Proclamation.
item 1040 PEACE CONFERENCE NEAR THE END OF THE WAR, New York Tribune February 11, 1865
General
Many dispatches signed by Lincoln. Also those of Jefferson Davis, Alexander Stephens, Seward, and Grant.
item 1007 SPEECH TO THE GOVERNOR OF INDIANA AND THE 140TH INDIANA REGIMENT, New York World March 18, 1865
General
Comments from Mr. Krause: Given how close it is to the end of the war, Lincoln makes some rather surprisingly uncomplimentary remarks about blacks and their use by the South in the fighting.
item 839 HIS VERY LAST SPEECH ON THE END OF THE WAR, LOUISIANA RECONSTRUCTION, AND THE BLACK FRANCHISE MADE AT THE WHITE HOUSE ON THE EVENING OF APRIL 11 AND THE FINAL PROCLAMATION CLAIMING EQUALITY OF RIGHTS WITH ALL MARITIME NATIONS, New York Herald April 12, 1865
General
Comments from Mr. Krause: Lincoln's last words many found uninspiring. His mind was trained on reconstruction, and he hoped to use the example of Louisiana and its constitution as a model for the South. Always the conservative conciliator, he wanted to bring the South back to the fold gently rather than wreak condign punishment on his defeated brethren as the Radical Republicans preferred. In his last speech, Lincoln pushes for a limited black franchise, something no previous president had done. The Fifteenth amendment would pass in 1870. Almost the final words he would speak publically involve an historical mystery, perhaps a message of hope. He said, "In the present situation" as the phrase goes, "it may be my duty to make some new announcement to the people of the South. I am considering, and shall not fail to act, when satisfied that action will be proper." Booth was in the audience and made up his mind then and there.
item 1041 OBSEQUIES AND CEREMONIES FOLLOWING LINCOLN'S ASSASSINATION AND JOHN WILKES BOOTH LETTER EXPLAINING HIS MOTIVES REGARDING LINCOLN, New York Herald April 20, 1865
General
See: John Wilkes Booth 1042
item 840 LETTER FROM LINCOLN TO WADSWORTH ON NEGRO SUFFRAGE, New York Tribune September 26, 1865
Wendell Phillips
item 844 ADDRESS ON JOHN BROWN, New York Herald November 2, 1859
item 845 ANTI-SLAVERY LETTER AND HENRY WILSON SPEECH, The Liberator July 13, 1860
General
Also features advertisement for full report on the proceedings of the Tenth National Woman's Rights Convention.
item 846 ANTI-SLAVERY SPEECH, The Liberator July 12, 1861
General
Includes William Lloyd Garrison 774
item 847 ANTI-SLAVERY SPEECH, The Liberator August 9, 1861
item 848 ANTI-SLAVERY LECTURE AND GENERAL T. PERRONET THOMPSON SPEECH, The Liberator January 17, 1862
item 849 ANTI-SLAVERY SPEECH AND BENJAMIN F. WADE SPEECH, The Liberator May 23, 1862
General
Includes Abraham Lincoln 814
item 850 ANTI-SLAVERY SPEECH AND GERRIT SMITH SPEECH, The Liberator July 11, 1862
General
Includes David Hunter 778
Also features "WOMAN AND THE PRESS" proposal for a women's journal by Mary Louise Booth (founding editor of Harper's Bazaar in 1867) and Polish-American doctor Marie Elizabeth Zakrzewska who established women's medical programs and hospitals in the United States).
item 851 SPEECH/LECTURE ON TOUSSAINT LOUVERTURE, The Liberator April 3, 1863
item 852 ANTI-SLAVERY SPEECH, The Liberator May 29, 1863
item 853 ANTI-SLAVERY SPEECH, The Liberator February 5, 1864
item 854 ANTI-SLAVERY SPEECH AND LINCOLN PROCLAMATION, The Liberator May 20, 1864
General
Also features Lucretia Mott speech (page 82)
item 855 ANTI-SLAVERY LETTER AND ELIZABETH CADY STANTON LETTER TO MRS. DALL, The Liberator June 3, 1864
item 856 ANTI-SLAVERY SPEECH, New York Herald May 13, 1865
William T. Sherman
item 1043 OFFICIAL FINAL REPORT ON HIS MARCH FROM ATLANTA TO SAVANNAH, New York Times June 25, 1865
General
His own account of the southern campaign.
Alexander Stephens
item 867 CORNERSTONE SPEECH, New York Times March 27, 1861
General
The definitive explication of racist theology of the South by the vice-president of the Confederacy.
Charles Sumner
item 869 LANDMARK OF FREEDOM SPEECH ON KANSAS-NEBRASKA BILL, New York Daily Tribune February 22, 1854
General
The first of the triumvirate of great anti-slavery speeches by Sumner.
item 868 EARLY ANTI-SLAVERY SPEECH BY RADICAL REPUBLICAN SENATOR, New York Daily Times September 9, 1854
item 870 CRIME AGAINST KANSAS SPEECH, AND HIS BEATING BY BROOKS IN THE SENATE, New York Daily Times May 23, 1856
General
One of the great anti-slavery speeches of the 19th century; his beating was precipitated by the speech and one of landmark events leading to Civil War.
item 871 BEATING IN THE SENATE AND AFTERMATH, New York Tribune May 24, 1856
item 872 BARBARISM OF SLAVERY SPEECH, New York Herald June 5, 1860
General
One of the great anti-slavery speeches of 19th century and his first speech upon returning to the Senate.
Ben Wade and Winter Davis
item 876 WADE-DAVIS MANIFESTO, New York Tribune August 5, 1864
General
Bitter attack on Lincoln by liberal Radical Republicans who want him replaced as President.
Native Americans
Crazy Horse
item 757 DEATH OF CRAZY HORSE, American Socialist September 13, 1877
General
Includes Spotted Tail 866
Geronimo
item 775 PLOT TO MASSACRE GENERAL CROOK AND HIS MEN, Boston Advertiser April 3, 1886
Chief Joseph
item 784 SURRENDER OF CHIEF JOSEPH, Warren Mail October 16, 1877
item 785 SURRENDER SPEECH, Harper's Weekly November 17, 1877 Size: Small
Red Cloud
item 857 SHORT SPEECH AND BIOGRAPHY, New York Tribune April 30, 1875
Sitting Bull
item 861 SITTING BULL'S HISTORY AND CUSTER MEMORIAL AND CUSTER DEFENSE, New York Herald July 20, 1876
item 862 SITTING BULL'S SUN DANCE AND GENERALS CROOK AND TERRY AND GRANT'S VIEWS AND BISHOP WHIPPLE ON INDIANS, New York Herald August 14, 1876
item 863 GENERALS CROOK AND TERRY AND CUSTER'S TRAIL AND INDIAN ARMS AND INDIANS CHEATED AND NORTHERN SIOUX, New York Herald August 18, 1876
item 864 SITTING BULL'S FEELINGS TOWARDS WHITES AND GENERALS CROOK AND TERRY AND THE FATE OF THE INDIANS, New York Herald August 19, 1876
Spotted Tail
item 865 SHORT SPEECH AND BIOGRAPHY, New York Tribune April 30, 1875
General
See: Red Cloud 857
item 866 SHORT SPEECH AND BIOGRAPHY, American Socialist September 13, 1877
General
See: Crazy Horse 757
19th Century American Topics
Amistad
item 880 REPORT ON THE SLAVE SHIP, Philadelphia Inquirer September 14, 1839
item 881 REPORT ON THE TRIALM, United States Gazette January 11, 1840
item 882 TRIAL AND JUDGE'S DECISION, United States Gazette January 18, 1840
Anti-Slavery, Women's Education and Labor Rights
item 1033 Columns on Anti-Slavery, Women's Education and Labor Rights, Anti-Slavery Bugle December 8, 1849
Barbary Pirates
item 727 EMPEROR OF MOROCCO AND DEY OF ALGIERS DECLARE WAR AGAINST AMERICA, The Balance August 24, 31, 1802 Size: Small
item 728 NAPOLEON AND DEY OF ALGIERS EXCHANGE LETTERS, The Balance November 2, 1802 Size: Small
item 729 PORTRAIT OF ALGERIA AND DEY OF ALGIERS, The Balance November 9, 1802 Size: Small
item 730 DEY OF ALGIERS, The Balance May 24, 1803 Size: Small
item 731 COMMENCEMENT OF WAR, The Balance November 22, 1803 Size: Small
item 732 GENERAL EATON, The Balance September 10, 1805 Size: Small
item 733 MISCELLANEOUS, The Balance September 24, 1805 Size: Small
item 734 CONFIRMATION OF PEACE WITH TRIPOLI, The Balance October 1, 1805 Size: Small
item 735 INSURRECTION IN ALGIERS AND DEATH OF JEWISH VIZIER AND KILLING OF JEWS AND TUNIS, The Balance October 8, 1805 Size: Small
item 736 TRIPOLI AND TRIPOLITAN TREATY, The Balance October 22, 1805 Size: Small
item 737 AMERICAN CAPTIVES IN TRIPOLI, The Balance October, 29, November 12, 19, 26, December 3, 10, 1805 Size: Small
item 738 GENERAL EATON IN LIBYA, The Balance October 29, 1805 Size: Small
item 739 BEY OF TUNIS, The Balance November 26, December 3, 1805 Size: Small
item 740 GENERAL EATON ARRIVES WITH AMBASSADOR AND MURDER AND ROBBERY OF JEWS OF ALGERIA AND DEY OF ALGIERS KILLED, The Balance December 3, 1805 Size: Small
item 741 ALGERIAN TURMOIL AND THE JEWS, The Balance December 10, 1805 Size: Small
item 742 AMBASSADOR FROM TUNIS AND LATE BASHAW OF TRIPOLI, The Balance December 24, 1805 Size: Small
Judge Chase Impeachment
item 724 U.S. VERSUS SAMUEL CHASE, The Balance January 15, 1805 Size: Small
item 725 SPEECH OF CHASE, The Balance January 22, 1805 Size: Small
item 726 MISCELLANEOUS, The Balance February 19, March 5, 12, 26, April 2, 1805 Size: Small
Colonization
item 883 EVENTS AND ACTIVITIES, Niles' Weekly Register January 25, April 12, 1817, June 24, 1820 Size: Small
Harry Croswell Trial (versus President Jefferson)
item 715 INDICTMENTS, The Balance January 18, 25, 1803 Size: Small
item 716 ARGUMENTS, The Balance February 1, 8, 25, 1803 Size: Small
item 717 LIBERTY OF THE PRESS, The Balance March 1, 8, 15, 22, April 5, 12, 19, May 3, 10, 1803 Size: Small
item 718 MISCELLANEOUS, The Balance June 7, 14, July 19, August 9, 16, 30, 1803 Size: Small
item 719 PROCEEDING OF INDICTMENTS, The Balance July 26, 1803 Size: Small
item 720 TRIAL AND CROSWELL LETTER, The Balance September 5, 13, 1803 Size: Small
item 721 CROSWELL LETTERS, The Balance October 4, November 1, 1803 Size: Small
item 722 HAMILTON BECOMES CROSWELL ATTORNEY, The Balance December 27, 1803 Size: Small
item 723 ON HIS TRIAL, The Balance January 22, 1805 Size: Small
Federalists versus Republicans
item 676 ANTI-FEDERALIST ESSAY, National Gazette March 8, 1792
General
Secretly funded by Jefferson and Madison, the Gazette was the principal organ of opposition to Hamilton, Washington and the Federalist government's agenda and philosophy.
See: George Washington 579
item 677 TIRADE AGAINST ARISTOCRATS AND MONOCRATS AND ANTI-RELIGION AND CLERGY AND RAILING AGAINST ENEMIES OF FRANCE, National Gazette July 18, 1792
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 159
item 678 AGAINST HAMILTON HANDLING OF DEBT PROBLEM AND ANTI-SPECULATION ESSAY AND ANTI-FEDERALIST ESSAY, National Gazette October 10, 1792
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 159
item 679 REDUCING SIZE OF MILITARY AND SATIRE ON NOBILITY AND COURTLINESS OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT AND AMERICAN SOLDIERS SHOULD BE COMPENSATED AND CELEBRATING IDEAS OF ANTI CONSTITUTIONALISTS AND ANTI-SPECULATION OF CONGRESS AND ANTI-WASHINGTON AND HAMILTON WITH REGARD TO SPECULATION AND CELEBRATION OF FRENCH REVOLUTION AND POSITIVE EFFECTS FOR AMERICA, National Gazette January 5, 1793
item 680 ESSAY CELEBRATING THE FRENCH AND EXECRATING BRITAIN AND THEIR SPECULATING AMERICAN FRIENDS AND PAINE AND BURKE AND DEMOCRATIC (REPUBLICAN) CLUBS TAKING SUBSCRIPTIONS FOR FRANCE AND LETTER EXTOLLING VIRTUES OF REPUBLICANISM AND CONDEMNING EVILS OF FEDERAL MONARCHS, National Gazette May 4, 1793
item 681 AGAINST WASHINGTON'S NEUTRALITY PROCLAMATION AND LIST OF LAFAYETTE'S CRIMES AND RANTING LETTER AGAINST FEDS AND ANTI-FRENCH TRAITORS AND TIRADE AGAINST SPECULATION AND ADDRESS OF CITIZENS TO GENET, National Gazette May 18, 1793
item 682 LETTER TO THE PRESIDENT AND PREPARATIONS FOR GENET'S ARRIVAL AND ANTI-WASHINGTON AND NEUTRALITY PROCLAMATION AND AND DEFENDING LOUIS' DEATH, National Gazette June 1, 1793
item 683 LETTER TO THE PRESIDENT AND AMERICA BEWARE OF BECOMING BRITISH CLONE AND DEFENDING DEATH OF LOUIS AND ANTI-NEUTRALITY PROCLAMATION AND OUR TREATY OBLIGATIONS TO FRANCE, National Gazette June 5, 1793
item 684 LETTER TO THE PRESIDENT AND PRO-FRENCH ANTI-FEDERALIST ESSAY AND OUR TREATY OBLIGATIONS AND ANTI-NEUTRALITY, National Gazette June 8, 1793
item 685 LETTER TO THE PRESIDENT AND PRO-FRENCH AND PRO-TREATY ESSAY AND LETTER ON FRENCH REVOLUTION AND CRITICIZING THOSE WHO CELEBRATED GEORGE III's BIRTHDAY, National Gazette June 12, 1793
General
See: Toussaint Louverture 408
item 686 MISCELLANEOUS, The Balance April 6, June 22, 29, July 6, 20, 27, August 3, 10, 24, 31, September 28, October 4, 12, November 23, 1802 Size: Small
item 687 PRO-PICKERING, The Balance May 4, 11, 1802 Size: Small
item 688 JUDGE DEFENDS JUDGES, The Balance October 19, 1802 Size: Small
item 689 MISCELLANEOUS, The Balance January 4, May 17, August 30, October 11, 18, November 1, 29, 1803 Size: Small
item 690 EDITORS FROM BOTH SIDES ATTACK, The Balance February 1, 1803 Size: Small
item 691 ANTI-ATTORNEY GENERAL SIMPSON FROM NEW YORK AND GOVERNOR CLINTON SPEECH, The Balance February 22, 1803 Size: Small
item 692 ALIENS (FOREIGNERS) AND THE SUFFRAGE, The Balance March 8, 1803 Size: Small
item 693 NATURALIZATION, The Balance March 15, 22, 29, April 5, 1803 Size: Small
item 694 ANTI-MONROE, The Balance April 5, May 24, 1803 Size: Small
item 695 ANTI-FRENCH REVOLUTION AND REMOVAL OF FEDS FROM OFFICE ANTI-GALLATIN AND MATTHEW LYON, The Balance June 14, 21, 1803 Size: Small
item 696 PRO-FEDERALIST, The Balance June 28, 1803 Size: Small
item 697 ANTI-DEMOCRAT, The Balance August 23, 1803 Size: Small
item 698 ANTI-JACOBIN (DEMOCRAT), The Balance September 6, 13, 1803 Size: Small
item 699 DEMOCRAT TURNS FEDERALIST, The Balance September 20, 1803 Size: Small
item 700 ANTI-DEMOCRACY, The Balance September 27, October 4, 1803 Size: Small
item 701 CHEETHAM DISCOVERING PLOTS AND CONSPIRACIES, The Balance January 15, 1805 Size: Small
item 702 ON DEMOCRACY, The Balance January 22, February 5, 1805 Size: Small
item 703 THREE FIFTHS CLAUSE AND SLAVERY, The Balance February 5, 1805 Size: Small
item 704 GOVERNOR STRONG'S SPEECH, The Balance February 12, 1805 Size: Small
item 705 FIGHTS AMONG DEMOCRATS, The Balance February 19, September 17, November 19, 1805 Size: Small
item 706 ANTI-REPUBLICAN, The Balance March 26, 1805 Size: Small
item 707 JAMES ELLIOT DEFENDS HIMSELF AGAINST FELLOW DEMOCRATS FOR SOMETIMES SUPPORTING FEDERALIST POLICIES AND DEMOCRACY UNVEILED AND HAMILTON'S LIBEL LAW CELEBRATED BY FEDERALISTS, The Balance April 23, 1805 Size: Small
item 708 ON CALLENDER AND JEFFERSON AND THEIR LETTERS AND DEMOCRATIC PRINTERS AND TIRADE AGAINST DEMOCRATS AND JEFFERSON'S ANTI-JEFFERSONIAN WRITINGS, The Balance April 30, 1805 Size: Small
item 709 ELLIOT LETTER, The Balance May 7, 14, 21, 28, June 11, July 2, 9, 16, 1805 Size: Small
item 710 FREEDOM OF THE PRESS, The Balance May 14, 1805 Size: Small
item 711 LYON LETTER, The Balance July 9, 16, 1805 Size: Small
item 712 MISCELLANEOUS, The Balance July 30, September 10, 1805 Size: Small
item 713 WHAT FEDERALISTS WANT, The Balance October 1, 1805 Size: Small
item 714 ANTI-DEMOCRACY, The Balance October 22, November 26, December 3, 1805 Size: Small
Fort Pillow
item 1057 MASSACRE OF WHITE AND MAINLY BLACK TROOPS AFTER THEY HAD SURRENDERED, The New York Tribune April 16, 1864
General
One of the greatest atrocities of the war. Earlier heinous acts committed by the Confederacy and Jefferson Davis' inflammatory language had prompted Lincoln to issue the Order of Retaliation in July 1863 as a response. The implicit threat of a tit-for-tat matter of revenge did not dissuade the rebels from further atrocities. Lincoln never responded in kind. After Fort Pillow, the majority of his cabinet wrote lengthy memos defending retribution, and had the support of most of the northern newspapers. Lincoln never activated the order.
item 1058 REPORT OF THE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE ON THE CONDUCT OF THE WAR OF THE MASSACRE AT FORT PILLOW, The New York Times May 6, 1864
Indiana Statehood and Constitution
item 986 ALLOWING INDIANA TO BECOME A STATE, Niles' Weekly Register June 1, 1816 Size: Small
General
(page 222)
item 987 CONSTITUTION OF INDIANA, Niles' Weekly Register August 17, 1816 Size: Small
General
(page 404)
item 988 INDIANA JOINS THE UNION, National Intelligencer December 7, 1816
Louisiana Territory and Purchase
item 646 SPAIN CEDES LOUISIANA TO FRANCE, The Balance April 6, October 19, 1802 Size: Small
item 647 GENERAL BERNADOTTE TO CREATE A MILITARY COLONY IN LOUISIANA COMPRISED OF BLACK REBELS AND CRIMINALS IN ALLIANCE WITH KENTUCKY AND TENNESSEE, The Balance June 15, 1802 Size: Small
item 648 THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE AND LOUISIANA, The Balance January 4, 11, 18, 1803 Size: Small
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 278 (January 4)
item 649 CONGRESS AND LOUISIANA AND NEW ORLEANS, The Balance February 1, 1803 Size: Small
item 650 CONGRESS AND LOUISIANA, The Balance February 8, 15, March 1, 15, 22, April 19, 1803 Size: Small
item 651 MISCELLANEOUS, The Balance March 29, May 3, 10, 1803 Size: Small
item 652 PROCLAMATION OF FRENCH GOVERNOR OF LOUISIANA, The Balance May 17, 1803 Size: Small
item 653 DEPOSIT IN NEW ORLEANS ALLOWED, The Balance June 28, 1803 Size: Small
item 654 LOUISIANA CEDED TO UNITED STATES, The Balance July 5, 1803 Size: Small
item 655 MEMORIAL ON LOUISIANA BY ROBERT LIVINGSTON, MINISTER TO FRANCE, The Balance July 19, 26, August 2, 9, 1803 Size: Small
item 656 ESSAY ON LOUISIANA, The Balance August 16, 23, 30, September 6, 13, 20, 27, 1803 Size: Small
item 657 TREATY ON LOUISIANA BETWEEN FRANCE AND THE UNITED STATES (LOUISIANA PURCHASE), The Balance November 1, 8, 1803 Size: Small
item 658 ACTIONS OF AND CONSEQUENCES FOR SPAIN, The Balance November 1, 8, 1803 Size: Small
item 659 MESSAGE BY JEFFERSON AND THE RATIFICATION OF TREATY, The Balance November 8, 1803 Size: Small
item 660 BILL ON LOUISIANA AND NEW ENGLAND RESERVATIONS ON PURCHASE AND AUTHORIZATION TO TAKE POSSESSION OF LOUISIANA AND SENATOR GRISWOLD SPEECH ON LOUISIANA AND REFERENCE TO JEFFERSON PROCLAMATION ON LOUISIANA AND EXPECTED RESISTANCE OF SPAIN TO TAKEOVER OF LOUISIANA, The Balance November 15, 1803 Size: Small
item 661 COMPARISON OF JAY AND LOUISIANA TREATIES AND RESPONSE TO GRISWOLD SPEECH, The Balance November 22, 29, December 6, 1803 Size: Small
item 662 CONCERNING SECRET APPROPRIATION TO PURCHASE LOUISIANA, New York Evening Post November 30, 1803
item 663 ESSAYS ON LOUISIANA, The Balance December 6, 13, 20, 27, 1803 Size: Small
General
Boundaries, physical description, inhabitants, laws.
item 664 DEARBORN LETTER AND NEW ORLEANS, The Balance December 6, 20, 1803 Size: Small
item 665 PROCLAMATION OF FRENCH GOVERNOR IN NEW ORLEANS, New York Evening Post January 2, 1804
item 666 SPANISH LETTER, The Balance February 5, 1805 Size: Small
item 667 MONROE MEETS WITH NAPOLEON ON LOUISIANA, The Balance February 12, 1805 Size: Small
item 668 MISCELLANEOUS, The Balance April 30, May 28, July 9, August 27, 1805 Size: Small
item 669 RUMORS OF NEGROES ARMING IN NEW ORLEANS, The Balance November 5, 1805 Size: Small
item 670 INHABITANTS OF LOUISIANA WANT WAR WITH SPAIN, The Balance November 26, 1805 Size: Small
Missouri Compromise
item 884 DEBATES, EVENTS AND ACTIVITIES, Niles Weekly Register March 4, July 22, September 23, 1820 Size: Small
Reconstruction Period
item 786 PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S RACIST VETO OF FREEDMEN'S BILL AND RANTING AND PARANOID SPEECH TALKING OF PRO-BLACK RADICAL REPUBLICANS AS TRAITORS AND ASSASSINS AND COMPARING HIMSELF TO CHRIST AND WILLING TO UNDERGO MARTYRDOM, New York Times February 23, 1866
General
See Andrew Johnson 786
item 787 PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S RACIST VETO OF CIVIL RIGHTS BILL, New York Times March 28, 1866
General
See Andrew Johnson 787
item 1052 PROCLAMATION ON THE END OF THE CONFEDERATE INSURRECTION (CIVIL WAR), The World (New York) April 3, 1866
General
War was not waged for the purpose of conquest or subjugation, nor for overthrowing or interfering with the rights or established institutions of the states, but to defend the Constitution and preserve the Union. War was forced upon the country by disunionists of the South.
item 788 PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S RACIST AND DEFAMATORY CAMPAIGN SPEECHES, New York Herald September 10, 1866
General
See Andrew Johnson 788
item 789 PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S RACIST AND DEFAMATORY CAMPAIGN SPEECHES, New York Times September 13, 1866
General
See Andrew Johnson 789
item 1053 PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S VETO OF THE FIRST RECONSTRUCTION ACT, New York Times March 4, 1867
General
Johnson, a sympathizer of the south and a slaveholder, despite being an avowed unionist, wants the military governments in the southern states to lighten the burden of draconian regulations and make the oppressive atmosphere of military rule less prevalent. He seems to have a problem with Negroes being allowed to vote, especially since they haven't asked for that right. He considers the purpose of the bill to change the character and structure of the state governments, and to compel them to accept laws they are unwilling to accept if left to themselves. He, like the South, was never fully contrite or acknowledged the sin of slavery. He considers the powers given to military officers amounts to absolute despotism, and the nine million southerners are bereft of any legal defense, since local control is overridden by the military.
item 790 PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S RACIST VETO OF SUPPLEMENTARY RECONSTRUCTION BILL, New York Times March 24, 1867
General
See Andrew Johnson 790
item 1054 PROCLAMATION RESTORING ALL RIGHTS TO REBELLION PARTICIPANTS, New York Weekly Tribune September 11, 1867
General
Restoration of all property except as to slaves and that civil authority might be reestablished as long as its legislation will conform to the condition of affairs growing out of the amendment to the Constitution prohibiting slavery. In many cases the former slaveholders had to take loyalty oaths and deliver them personally to Johnson, who had always hated the genteel landowners, as he came from the lowest and poorest class of whites. This is his revenge. He wanted to avoid in general a retaliatory and vindictive policy with its attendant pains, disqualifications, penalties and disenfranchisements, and have the former southern members of Congress seated and brought back into the government. The Radical Republicans would impeach Johnson for his obstructionist policies during Reconstruction and his leniency to the unrepentant South.
item 791 JOHNSON STATE OF THE UNION MESSAGE, The World December 3, 1867
General
See Andrew Johnson 791
item 776 LETTER TO CONGRESSMAN MORRIS REGARDING THE INFAMOUS GENERAL ORDER NO. 11 WHICH LINCOLN RESCINDED, AND LETTER OF ADOLPH MOSES, New York Times November 30, 1868
General
See Ulysses S. Grant 776
item 1055 PROCLAMATION BY PRESIDENT GRANT SUSPENDING HABEAS CORPUS AND SOUTH CAROLINA KU KLUX KLAN, New York Times October 18, 1871
General
The Enforcement Acts, three bills passed in 1870-71, were criminal codes that supposedly protected African-Americans' rights to vote, hold office, and to serve on juries and receive equal protection under the law. Grant, who was tired of the violent tactics of the Ku Klux Klan, ordered them to disperse from South Carolina and lay down their arms under the authority of the Enforcement Acts. There was no response, so Grant issued a suspension of habeas corpus in nine counties of South Carolina, ordering troops in the state to round up and disarm the Klan.
General
See Ulysses S. Grant 1055
item 1056 EFFECTS OF MARTIAL LAW IN SOUTH CAROLINA AND COURTS OF GEORGIA, New York Times October 22, 1871
Thirteenth Amendment
item 1075 THE PASSAGE BY THE SENATE OF THE AMENDMENT TO ABOLISH SLAVERY AS PUBLISHED IN THE LEADING NEWSPAPER OF THE CONFEDERACY, Daily Richmond Examiner May 4, 1864
General
This was the historic first step. The radical Republicans in the House of Representatives had tried and failed to successfully pass the amendment. A second vote four months later was closer but still unsuccessful. The abolitionists failed to get a two-thirds majority. It would happen only after Lincoln's re-election in January 1865. The ratification by the states took almost another year but the final process concluded on December 6, 1865.
item 885 ABOLITION OF SLAVERY, Newark Daily Advertiser January 10, February 1, 1865
War of 1812
item 743 SPEECH OF TECUMSEH ON EVE OF BATTLE OF THAMES, Columbian Centinel November 17, 1813
General
One of the most famous speeches by a Native American in history.
item 744 CAPTURE AND DESTRUCTION OF WASHINGTON, D.C., Weekly Messenger September 2, 1814
item 745 MADISON PROCLAMATION ON BURNING OF WASHINGTON, D.C., Weekly Aurora September 13, 1814
General
See: James Madison 461
item 746 BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS AND TREATY OF GHENT, Weekly Aurora February 14, 1815
General
Includes Andrew Jackson 779
18th and 19th Century International Individuals and Topics
Catherine the Great
item 887 LETTER TO DE BROGLIE DEFENDING MONARCHY, Columbian Centinel February 22, 1792
French Revolution
item 935 LETTER FROM LOUIS ON CONSTITUTION AND RIGHTS OF MAN, Gazette of the United States November 25, 1789
General
See: Benjamin Franklin 125
item 936 LOUIS AND MARIE ATTEMPT TO FLEE FRANCE AND THEIR CAPTURE AND SUBSEQUENT DECLARATIONS, New York Journal and Patriotic Register August 27, 1791
item 937 LETTER FROM LOUIS OFFERING MONEY TO POOR, National Gazette December 8, 1791
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 159
item 938 LETTER FROM LOUIS ON FRENCH CONSTITUTION, National Gazette March 8, 1792
General
See: George Washington 579
item 939 MARSHAL LUCKNER AND GEBERAL ROCHAMBEAU AND ANTI-PRIEST LEGISLATION AND GREAT BETRAYAL AND RETREAT AT MONS AND AUSTRIAN MANIFESTO AGAINST FRANCE, National Gazette July 18, 1792
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 159
item 940 AUSTRIAN MANIFESTO AND SUPRESSION OF RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATIONS IN FRANCE, National Gazette July 21, 1792
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 159
item 941 SPEECH BY LOUIS ON PUBLIC TRANQUILITY, Gazette of the United States September 26, 1792
General
See: James Monroe 471
item 942 LOUIS ATTACKED AND SWISS GUARDS SLAUGHTERED AND PALACE OFFICIALS KILLED AND TRIAL FOR LOUIS, National Gazette October 10, 1792
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 159
item 944 DECLARATION OF DUKE OF BRUNSWICK DEMANDING RESTITUTION OF LOUIS AND CONDEMNING ATROCITIES, National Gazette January 5, 1793
General
See: Federalists versus Republicans 679
item 945 LOUIS IS GUILLOTINED, Gazette of the United States March 27, 1793
General
See: James Madison 446
item 946 SERVILE LETTER FROM POPE TO FRENCH ASSEMBLY ON MURDER OF PAPAL REPRESENTATIVE, National Gazette May 4, 1793
General
See: Federalists versus Republicans 680
item 947 LAFAYETTE'S CRIMES AND GENERAL DUMOURIER LETTER TO CONVENTION ON ARMY FAILURE AND CONDORCET ON LOUIS TRIAL, National Gazette May 18, 1793
General
See: Federalists versus Republicans 681
item 948 GENERAL DUMOURIER WANTS TO PUT YOUNG LOUIS ON THRONE AND DUMOURIER'S INTENTIONS, National Gazette June 1, 1793
General
See: Federalists versus Republicans 682
item 949 ON DUMOURIER AND LETTER ON DUMOURIER BY PRINCE COBOURG AND LETTER TO FRENCH BY COBOURG AND LETTER FROM DUMOURIER TO THE FRENCH, National Gazette June 5, 1793
General
See: Federalists versus Republicans 683
item 950 DUMOURIER LETTER TO THE FRENCH, National Gazette June 8, 1793
General
See: Federalists versus Republicans 684
item 951 PROCLAMATION OF DUMOURIER AND LETTER OF GENERAL DAMPIERRE AND DUMOURIER ESCAPE AND ARREST OF MARAT, National Gazette June 12, 1793
General
See: Toussaint Louverture 408
item 1076 DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND CITIZEN 1793, Columbian Centinel September 7, 1793
General
It preceded the country's first republican constitution. Officially adopted, it never went into effect. The difference between this document and the 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man is the stress on equality in the 1793 version, including new rights, and revisions to prior ones: to work, to public assistance, to education, and to resist oppression. It was written by the Jacobins after they had expelled the Girondists, and did not fully express their radicalism. Along with the 1789 document, it was one of the first great political statements on the need for human rights and dignity concerning the individual.
General
Also contains JEFFERSON CIRCULAR TO MERCHANTS AS SECRETARY OF STATE, regarding plundering by privateers sponsored by England and France
item 953 SPEECH OF ROBESPIERRE ON ENEMIES OF FRANCE, Columbian Centinel August 16, 1794
General
See: George Washington 589
The Jacobite Rebellion
item 992 THE SPEECH OF PHILIP LORD HARDWICKE, LORD HIGH-CHANCELLOR OF GREAT BRITAIN, AGAINST WILLIAM EARL OF KILMARNOCK, GEORGE EARL OF CROMARTIE, AND ARTHUR LORD BALMORINO AT THEIR TRIAL FOR TREASON IN AIDING PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD STUART, Edinburgh Evening Courant August 14, 1746 Size: Small
General
Comments from Mr. Krause: After the Battle of Culloden, the last pitched-battle fought on English soil, the spark of Scottish independence is doused forever, along with the clan system, various traditions, and any lingering Stuart sympathies. While the Duke of Cumberland commits atrocities in the Highlands, Charles, on the run, escapes to France and remains in exile.
Karl Marx
item 1004 DISPATCH FROM LONDON AS FOREIGN CORRESPONDENT FOR HORACE GREELEY'S THE NEW YORK DAILY TRIBUNE, The New York Daily Tribune May 15, 1854
General
Comments from Mr. Krause: It is historically ironic that Marx always looked kindly on America and felt Russia was unalterably backward, given their stances toward his ideas. In the early 1850s, Marx was living in poverty with his family in London, mainly existing on handouts from Engels. Marx had done some sporadic journalism, and maybe occasionally got paid. But a job with The Daily Tribune would mean an income, however small. It was an anti-slavery paper with the largest circulation in America, a welcome platform to possibly disseminate Marx's and Engels' political philosophy, if it came to that. The future bugbear of capitalism would write to Engels in 1862, "If only I knew how to start some sort of business! All theory, dear friend, is grey, and only business green." While Marx had published The Communist Manifesto in 1848, an English edition would not appear for another forty years. Das capital appeared in the 1890's. America would barely know Marx during his lifetime.
Napoleon Bonaparte
item 1059 LETTER TO DJEZZAR (BUTCHER) PASHA, OTTOMAN GOVERNOR OF ACRE, DURING MIDDLE EAST CAMPAIGN (1798-99), The Massachusetts Spy September 25, 1799
General
Napoleon threatened to march against the fortress city of Acre if Djezzar didn't support him against other Islamist groups. The day of the letter, Napoleon ordered the slaughter of 4000 Muslim prisoners from Djezzar's army after the siege of Jaffa. Djezzar declined to support Napoleon, who marched on Acre, suffering his first defeat, ruining his ambition to crown himself the new "white" Sultan, failing to take India from the British, and ultimately being pushed out of the Middle East altogether. At Acre, 600 years before, Richard the Lionheart had slaughtered 3000 Muslim prisoners during the Third Crusade.
item 888 PROCLAMATION ON SANTO DOMINGO, New England Palladium March 16, 1802
General
See: Toussaint Louverture 425
item 889 IN SYRIA AND PALESTINE, The Balance May 11, 1802 Size: Small
item 890 PROCLAMATION RESTORING ROMAN CATHOLIC RELIGION, The Balance June 8, 1802 Size: Small
item 891 ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, The Balance June 15, 1802 Size: Small
item 892 MESSAGE TO THE PEOPLEAND ELECTION AS CONSUL, Columbian Centinel July 3, 1802
General
Reference to Toussaint by name by Napoleon.
See: Toussaint Louverture 428
item 893 SLAVERY TO BE MAINTAINED IN THE COLONIES AND NAPOLEON APPOINTED COUNCIL FOR LIFE, The Balance July 13, 1802 Size: Small
item 894 DEBATE ON ASSASSINATION ATTEMPTS, The Balance July 27, 1802 Size: Small
item 895 PLOT TO ASSASSINATE NAPOLEON, Farmer's Museum August 10, 1802
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 260
item 896 PROCLAMATION TO THE MUSLIMS ON LANDING IN EGYPT AND DESCRIPTION OF HIS PRIVATE LIFE, New York Herald August 21, 1802
General
See: Anti-Jefferson 327
item 897 NAPOLEON AND THE VATICAN AND PORTRAIT OF NAPOLEON AND HIS ELECTION AS FIRST CONSUL AND SPEECH TO FRENCH SENATE, New York Herald September 29, 1802
General
See: Anti-Jefferson 335
item 898 FRENCH CONSTITUTION, New York Herald October 2, 1802
General
See: Aaron Burr 56 or Anti-Jefferson 336 (2 copies)
item 899 LETTER TO SENATE AND FRENCH CONSTITUTION, The Balance October 4, 1802 Size: Small
item 900 SPEECH TO THE SENATE ON BEING ELECTED CONSUL FOR LIFE, Farmer's Museum October 5, 1802
General
See: Anti-Jefferson 338
item 901 FRENCH CONSTITUTION, The Balance October 12, 19, 1802 Size: Small
item 902 RESPONSE TO THE ITALIAN ASSEMBLY AND RESTORATION OF CHRISTIAN HOLIDAYS, Farmer's Museum October 12, 1802
General
See: Anti-Jefferson 341
item 903 LETTER TO DEY OF ALGIERS, The Balance November 2, 1802 Size: Small
item 904 NAPOLEON'S ADMINISTRATION, Boston Gazette November 25, 29, 1802
General
See: Thomas Paine 507 (November 25) and Anti-Paine 525 (November 29)
item 905 NAPOLEON IN SYRIA, The Balance April 5, 1803 Size: Small
item 906 NAPOLEON AND BRITISH, The Balance May 10, 1803 Size: Small
item 907 NEUTRALS MUST TAKE SIDES, The Balance July 5, 1803 Size: Small
item 908 AS CONSUL AND NEGOTIATIONS WITH BOURBONS, The Balance September 20, 1803 Size: Small
item 909 PLOTS AGAINST BONAPARTE, The Balance October 11, 18, 1803 Size: Small
item 910 COMPARISON OF NAPOLEON AND LOUIS XVIII, The Balance November 8, 15, 1803 Size: Small
item 911 EXCHANGE OF LETTERS BETWEEN MADAME BONAPARTE AND MADAME MOREAU ON FATE OF GENERAL MOREAU, Boston Gazette August 16, 1804
item 912 PROFESSIONS OF PEACE, The Balance March 12, 1805 Size: Small
item 913 LETTER TO KING OF ENGLAND PROPOSING PEACE, The Balance April 16, 1805 Size: Small
item 914 CORONATION, The Balance May 28, 1805 Size: Small
item 915 PREPARATIONS FOR INVASION OF ENGLAND, The Balance October 1, 22, 29, 1805 Size: Small
item 916 EUROPEAN TURMOIL AND ALIGNMENTS, The Balance November 5, 12, 19, 26, 1805 Size: Small
item 917 SPEECH TO SENATE, The Balance November 26, 1805 Size: Small
item 918 DECLARATION OF WAR AGAINST AUSTRIA AND RUSSIA, The Balance December 10, 1805 Size: Small
item 919 DEATH OF NELSON AND BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR, The Balance December 24, 1805 Size: Small
item 920 FAREWELL SPEECH AND JOURNEY TO ELBA, Columbian Centinel June 22, 1814
item 921 ABDICATION LETTER AND WATERLOO BATTLE, Columbian Centinel August 9, 1815
item 922 LAS CASAS AND NAPOLEON, Columbian Centinel March 18, 1818
item 923 AMIENS TREATY, The Balance May 18, 25, 1802, May 31, June 14, 21, July 5, 12, 1805 Size: Small
Simon Bolivar
item 886 ADDRESS TO INHABITANTS OF CARACAS AND EMANCIPATION OF SLAVES, New York Evening Post August 22, 1816
Mexican War
item 1029 POLK DECLARES WAR AGAINST MEXICO AND EARLY HOSTILITIES, The Vermont Chronicle May 20, 1846
item 1030 PAREDES DECLARES WAR AGAINST THE UNITED STATES AND EARLY HOSTILITIES, The Daily Union May 27, 1846
item 1031 ENGAGEMENT AT MONTEREY WITH GENERAL ZACHARY TAYLOR AND UNITED STATES FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE, New York Observer June 27, 1846
item 1060 DETAILED REPORT FROM GENERAL SCOTT'S HEADQUARTERS ON THE SIEGE, CAPTURE, AND OCCUPATION OF THE CAPITAL, MEXICO CITY, BY THE AMERICANS, The Daily National Intelligencer October 27, 1847
Toussaint Louverture and the Haitian Revolution
item 406 NEGRO DEPUTIES IN FRENCH NATIONAL ASSEMBLY, Massachusetts Centinel March 27, 1790
item 407 FIRST MENTION OF BEGINNING OF HAITIAN REVOLUTION, Gazette of the United States September 21, 1791
item 408 LETTER OF JOINT GOVERNORS SONTHONAX AND POLVEREL TO GENET ON SHELLING OF PORT AU PRINCE, National Gazette June 12, 1793
General
Includes French Revolution 951
item 409 DESTRUCTION OF CAPE FRANCOIS AND REFUGEES, Gazette of the United States July 10, 27, 1793
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 177 (July 10), Alexander Hamilton 185 (July 27)
item 410 DESTRUCTION OF CAPE FRANCOIS AND REFUGEES, American Daily Advertiser July 19, 29, 1793
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 180 (July 19) and Alexander Hamilton 186 (July 29)
item 411 DESTRUCTION OF CAPE FRANCOIS AND REFUGEES, Columbian Centinel July 20, 24, 1793
General
See: Alexander Hamilton 182 (July 20) and Alexander Hamilton 183 (July 24)
item 412 PROCLAMATION OF COMMISSIONER SONTHONAX, Gazette of the United States July 27, 1793
General
Any slave who fights for French republic would be free and a citizen of France.
See: Alexander Hamilton 185
item 413 ADAMS' PROCLAMATION ON TRADE WITH SANTO DOMINGO (HAITI), J. Russell's Gazette July 8, 1799
General
First recognition of any black government.
item 414 ADAMS' STATE OF UNION REFERS TO HAITIAN COMMERCIAL TREATY, Farmer's Museum December 16, 1799
General
See: John Adams 23
item 415 ADAMS' PROCLAMATION ON TRADE WITH SANTO DOMINGO (HAITI), Connecticut Courant May 26, 1800
General
See: John Adams 25
item 416 ONE OF THE EARLIEST MENTIONS OF DECLARATION OF HAITIAN INDEPENDENCE AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NEW CONSTITUTION BY TOUSSAINT, New England Palladium August 14, 1801
item 417 ADDRESS BY TOUSSAINT AND HAITIAN CONSTITUTION, New England Palladium August 18, 1801
General
2 copies
item 418 TOUSSAINT AS GOVERNOR FOR LIFE AND CONSTITUTION, Columbian Centinel August 19, 1801
General
2 copies
item 419 EXCERPTS FROM HAITIAN CONSTITUTION, New England Palladium August 21, 1801
item 420 DETAILS FROM HAITIAN CONSTITUTION, Columbian Centinel August 22, 1801
item 421 TWO ADDRESSES BY TOUSSAINT TO NATIONAL ASSEMBLY AND CIVIL AND MILITARY OFFICERS, The Federal Spy November 10, 1801
item 422 ADDRESS BY TOUSSAINT TO THE PEOPLE, New York Evening Post February 4, 1802
item 423 ADDRESS BY TOUSSAINT TO THE PEOPLE, Aurora February 5, 1802
item 424 ADDRESS BY TOUSSAINT TO THE PEOPLE, Columbian Centinel February 17, 1802
item 425 PROCLAMATIONS BY NAPOLEON AND GENERAL BOUDEA, New England Palladium March 16, 1802
General
Proof of his treachery regarding the restoration of slavery.
Includes Napoleon Bonaparte 888
item 426 PROCLAMATION BY GENERAL LECLERC REGARDING TOUSSAINT AND DESSALINES, New York Evening Post March 24, 1802
item 427 TOUSSAINT SURRENDER AND CAPTURE, The Balance June 1, 8, 1802 Size: Small
item 428 TOUSSAINT SURRENDER AND CAPTURE, Columbian Centinel June 26, July 3, 1802
General
Includes Toussaint Louverture 431. 3 copies (June 26), 2 copies (July 3)
item 429 TOUSSAINT DEPORTATION AND DESTINED TO OCCUPY DUNGEON AT BESCANON, The Balance June 29, 1802 Size: Small
item 430 TOUSSAINT ARREST AND DEPORTATION AND LECLERC PROCLAMATION ON ARREST, The Balance June 29, 1802 Size: Small
item 431 NAPOLEON STATE OF UNION ADDRESS IN WHAT IS PROBABLY ONLY TIME HE MENTIONS TOUSSAINT BY NAME, Columbian Centinel July 3, 1802
General
See: Toussaint Louverture 428
item 432 LAW FOR RE-ESTABLISHING SLAVERY IN FRENCH COLONIES, The Balance July 13, 1802 Size: Small
General
Proof of Napoleon's treachery regarding slavery.
item 433 PROCLAMATION BY GENERAL LECLERC, New York Herald September 22, 1802
item 434 TOUSSAINT SURRENDER AND CAPTURE, New York Herald September 25, 1802
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 264
item 435 MISCELLANEOUS, New York Herald October 2, 1802
General
See: Aaron Burr 56 or Anti-Jefferson 336 (2 copies)
item 436 TOUSSAINT IN PARIS IN A STATE OF ARREST, Farmer's Museum October 5, 1802
General
See: Anti-Jefferson 338
item 437 TOUSSAINT DEPORTATION AND DESTINED TO OCCUPY DUNGEON AT BESCANON, Farmer's Museum October 12, 1802
General
See: Anti-Jefferson 341
item 438 LETTERS BY DESSALINES AND GENERAL LECLERC, New York Herald October 13, 1802
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 268
item 439 PROCLAMATION BY GENERAL LECLERC, New York Herald October 16, 1802
General
See: Anti-Jefferson 347
item 440 LETTERS BY DESSALINES AND GENERAL LECLERC ON ARREST AND TRIAL OF GENERAL BELLAIR, Massachusetts Spy October 20, 1802
General
See: Thomas Jefferson 269
item 441 MISCELLANEOUS, Boston Gazette November 25, 29, December 2, 6, 9, 1802
General
See: Thomas Paine 507 (November 25), Anti-Paine 525 (November 29), Thomas Paine 509 (December 2), Thomas Paine 511 (December 9). Excludes December 6.
item 442 TOUSSAINT ARREST AND DEPORTATION AND LECLERC PROCLAMATION ON ARREST, Farmer's Museum November 30, 1802
General
See: Thomas Paine 508
item 443 MISCELLANEOUS, The Balance March 30, April 20, 27, June 22, September 28, November 16, 23, 30, December 7, 21, 1802, March 29, May 17, 24, June 14, 1803 Size: Small
Mark Twain
item 1010 LETTER FROM MARK TWAIN ON BOARD STEAMER RETURNING FROM SANDWICH ISLANDS, Sacramento Daily Union February 27, 1867
item 1011 LETTER FROM MARK TWAIN ON STEED HE RODE IN THE HOLY LAND, Union Democrat March 17, 1868
item 1012 MARK TWAIN ON JEFF THOMPSON, SIGNED SAMUEL L. CLEMENT, Evansville Daily Journal April 29, 1874
item 1013 ADDRESS FROM MARK TWAIN CONCERNING HIS VIEWS ON THE POLITICAL FIELD, Worcester Evening Gazette October 6, 1876
item 1014 THE PRIVATE HISTORY OF A CAMPAIGN THAT FAILED, The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine December 1885 Size: Small
item 1015 A CONNECTICUT YANKEE IN KING ARTHUR'S COURT, The Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine November 1889 Size: Small
item 1016 LETTER FROM MARK TWAIN DECLINING FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE, Springfield Daily Republican June 29, 1897
item 1017 STIRRING TIMES IN AUSTRIA, Harper's New Monthly Magazine March 1898 Size: Small
item 1018 CONCERNING THE JEWS, Harper's New Monthly Magazine September 1899 Size: Small
item 1019 THE MAN THAT CORRUPTED HADLEYBURG, Harper's Monthly Magazine December 1899 Size: Small
item 1020 DOES THE RACE OF MAN LOVE A LORD?, The North American Review April 1902 Size: Small
item 1021 A DEFENSE OF GENERAL FUNSTON, The North American Review May 1902 Size: Small
item 1022 KING LEOPOLD'S SOLILOQUY 1905 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
item 1023 THE CZAR'S SOLILOQUY, The North American Review March 1905 Size: Small
item 1024 CHAPTER FROM MY AUTOBIOGRAPHY II, The North American Review September 21, 1906 Size: Small
item 1025 EXTRACT FROM CAPTAIN STORMFIELD'S VISIT TO HEAVEN, PART 1, Harper's Monthly Magazine December 1907 Size: Small
item 1026 EXTRACT FROM CAPTAIN STORMFIELD'S VISIT TO HEAVEN, PART 2, Harper's Monthly Magazine January 1908 Size: Small
17th Century Individuals -- English Civil War, Protectorate, Restoration, Glorious Revolution
Oliver Cromwell
item 924 OLIVER CROMWELL LETTER ON DEFEAT OF SCOTTISH ARMY AT BATTLE OF PRESTON 1648 Size: Small
General
Yorktown of English Civil War, leading to execution of Charles I and maybe first defeat of monarch by citizen army.
Pamphlet.
item 925 OLIVER CROMWELL LETTER AND INCARCERATION OF CHARLES I, Moderate Intelligencer November 9, 1648 - November 16, 1648 Size: Small
General
Pre-newspaper newsbook.
item 926 OLIVER CROMWELL LETTER ON BATTLE OF WORCESTER 1651 Size: Small
General
Sending Charles ll into exile ending English Civil War.
Pamphlet.
Richard Cromwell
item 927 SPEECH OF RICHARD CROMWELL, LORD PROTECTOR, TO PARLIAMENT AFTER DEATH OF HIS FATHER 1658 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
Charles II
item 928 CHARLES II NAVAL ACT 1661 Size: Small
General
Pamphlet.
James II
item 929 JAMES II PROCLAMATION ON RELIGIOUS TOLERATION, London Gazette September 20, 1688 - September 24, 1688 Size: Small
item 930 JAMES II PROCLAMATION ON IMMINENT INVASION OF WILLIAM, PRINCE OF ORANGE, London Gazette September 27, 1688 - October 1, 1688 Size: Small
William III (Prince of Orange)
item 931 WILLIAM, PRINCE OF ORANGE ACCEPTS CROWN, London Gazette December 31-January 3, 1689 Size: Small
item 932 WILLIAM III PROCLAMATION REQUIRING THE DISCOVERY AND BRINGING IN OF ARMS LATELY EMBEZZLED, London Gazette April 4, 1689 - April 8, 1689 Size: Small
item 933 WILLIAM III ON WAR WITH FRANCE, London Gazette April 25, 1689 - April 29, 1689 Size: Small
item 934 WILLIAM III AND MARY II PROCLAMATIONS AGAINST CONSPIRATORS AND PAPISTS, London Gazette June 19, 1690 - June 23, 1690 Size: Small