American Foundations Oral History Project1989-1993ohrc001

A Guide to the Collection of Oral History Interviews at Indiana University Bloomington


Finding aid created by: Finding aid prepared by the staff of the Center for the Study of History and Memory with a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities Division of Preservation and Access, 2000-2002


Creator Indiana University Center for Documentary Research and Practice
Title: American Foundations Oral History Project
Dates: 1989-1993
Quantity: 42 interviewsAudio files, transcripts, and collateral materials
Abstract: The American Foundations Oral History Project consists of a series of interviews with prominent American philanthropists, each of whom relates their background, the development of their values, and their philosophies of philanthropy. The purpose and state of American philanthropy, including those family foundations and corporate foundations, form a central topic, as do the recent trend of increasing diversity and opinions on grant evaluation and philanthropic assessment. In addition, many interviewees comment on the role of government in philanthropy and the system of ethics at play in American philanthropy.
Location: Interviews are housed in Franklin Hall, Room 0030B. Copies of interview transcripts are also held by the IU Libraries University Archives. Contact archives@indiana.edu for more information. For other locations housing the interviews from this project, please contact the Center for Documentary Research and Practice office.
Language: Materials are in English
Repository: Center for Documentary Research and Practice

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of forty-two interviews collected over the course of two years. Interviews range from fifty to one hundred-fity minutes. All interviews consist of audiotapes and typed transcripts.


Restrictions

Usage Restrictions: The archive of the Center for Documentary Research and Practice at Indiana University is open to the use of researchers. Copies of transcript pages are available only when such copies are permitted by the deed of gift. Scholars must honor any restrictions the interviewee placed on the use of the interview. Since some of our earlier (pre-computer) transcripts do not exist in final form, any editing marks in a transcript (deletions, additions, corrections) are to be quoted as marked. Audio files may not be copied for patrons unless the deed of gift permits it, and a transcript is unavailable for that interview. The same rules of use that apply to a transcript apply to the audio interview. Interviews may not be reproduced in full for any public use, but excerpted quotes may be used as long as researchers fully cite the data in their research, including accession number, interview date, interviewee's and interviewer's name, and page(s).


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[interviewee first name last name] interview, by [interviewer first name last name], [interview date(s)], [call number], [project name], Center for Documentary Research and Practice, Indiana University, Bloomington, [page number(s) or tape number and side if no transcript; if digital audio and no transcript, cite time when quote occurs].

Acquisition Information

Oral history interviews conducted by the Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory from 1968 to the present, with particular focus on the history of twentieth-century America and the Midwest.


Table of Contents


90-028 Aramony, William; April 30, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 21 pages; 1 tape, 1 7/8 ips, 58 minutes; index; United Way of America annual report and fact sheet, biographical sketch of interviewee
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
In this interview, William Aramony discusses his career in philanthropy and social work which has culminated in his ascension to the position of president of the United Way of America. Aramony speaks about the organization and mission of the United Way, the changes it has undergone, some of its main functions and beneficiaries, and the central issue of fundraising, especially in the context of the growing number of government-supported not-for-profit organizations increasing competition for a limited amount of available funds.
90-008 Bernstein, Philip April 19, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 41 pages; 3 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 108 minutes; index; photo of interviewee, group photo with interviewee
Scope and Content Note
Philip Bernstein discusses the beginning of his interest in philanthropy and traces his career at the Jewish Community Federation in this interview. He discusses Jewish and non-Jewish philanthropy, values, and social welfare, and he speaks of the ease and importance of cooperation between these groups. In addition, Bernstein speaks of the impact of the rise of Hitler and Nazism on Jewish philanthropy, of philanthropic involvement with the Independent Sector, and the impact of the Great Depression and World War II on social ideals and social welfare.
Access Status
Open
90-029 Bolling, Landrum April 30, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 17 pages 1 tape, 1 7/8 ips, 58 minutes; index
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
In this interview, Landrum Bolling discusses his past, including his childhood, his religious and moral upbringing with Quaker and Baptist influences, his education and career, and his eventual work in philanthropy. He speaks of his intimate association with the Lilly Endowment, and its focus on the importance of education in the state of Indiana and throughout the world. Bolling also comments on his personal philosophy on philanthropy, and describes some of the places and events which influenced this philosophy.
90-027 Brennan, Leo J., Jr. April 8, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 24 pages 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 76 minutes; index
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Leo J. Brennan, Jr., who deals with decisions and dispersals of grant monies and philanthropic awards of the Ford Fund, discusses his career history and philosophy of philanthropy in this interview. He speaks of corporate philanthropy and the major goal of the Ford Fund of supporting education. In addition, Brennan describes his work, the types of grant requests he receives, and the type of applicants involved.
90-030 Buchanan, Peter May 1, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 23 pages 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 80 minutes; index; photo of interviewee
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Peter Buchanan, president of CASE, or Council for Advancement and Support of Education, discusses his background, education, and career, and how each of these have influenced his philosophy of, and practical implications about, philanthropy. He emphasizes his years as a student and administrator at Columbia University in the late nineteen sixties and early seventies as a time when his values and perspective were significantly shaped and cemented. Buchanan stresses the need for philanthropic gifts for education, the importance of fundraising for education, the crisis in education, and his fears for the future of corporate philanthropy.
90-037 Carson, Emmett D. October 8, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 38 pages 3 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 140 minutes; index
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Emmett D. Carson discusses in this interview his childhood, parents, and educational background, and describes the impact of each of these on his philosophy of philanthropy. He goes on to speak of African Americans and philanthropy, the relationship between percentage of minorities in philanthropy and the need for the understanding of minorities in philanthropy. Carson also emphasizes foundations and diversity, the role of government in philanthropy, and the conjectured relationship between drug dealing and other illegal activities and philanthropic funding.
90-043 Collins, Dennis A. December 6, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 27 pages 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 85 minutes; index; photo of interviewee
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Dennis A. Collins, president of the James Irvine Foundation, discusses his childhood, familial influences, and education and how each of these made an impact on his philosophy of philanthropy. Specifically, Collins emphasizes the differences between east coast and west coast philanthropy, and speaks of the unique characteristics of California and its population as factors that foundations must recognize and respond to accordingly. He stresses the importance of diversity in this context and also the need for and difficulties involved in foundation assessment or evaluation.
90-015 Crabbs, Raymond September 12, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 30 pages 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 91 minutes; index; photo of interviewee
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Raymond Crabbs, the former president of the National Society of Fund Raising Executives, or NSFRE, discusses his career history, the values he has developed throughout the course of his life, and his philosophy of philanthropy in this interview. Crabbs speaks of his tenure at NSFRE and emphasizes the differences between corporate and foundation philanthropy, mentioning some major players in each realm. In addition, he discusses the under-representation of minorities in the professional field of philanthropy, internal politics within organizations, and the political leanings of philanthropic organizations either toward liberal or conservative agendas.
90-019 Cruickshank, Joseph November 13, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 18 pages 1 tape, 1 7/8 ips, 55 minutes; index
Access Status
Restricted: tapes permanently closed, need interviewee's permission to read or quote from transcript of interview
Scope and Content Note
Joseph Cruickshank discusses his background and the development of his values and philosophy of philanthropy in this interview. He speaks of the priorities of foundations and possible negative impacts of philanthropic foundation abuse. In addition, Cruickshank discusses the philanthropic role of the United States government, the influence of the nineteen sixties on philanthropy and volunteerism, and grants.
90-011 Engelhardt, Sara July 6, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 44 pages 3 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 106 minutes; index; photo of interviewee and business meeting
Access Status
Closed until July 1, 2010
Scope and Content Note
Sara Engelhardt discusses her childhood, family background, education, values, and career at the Carnegie Foundation in this interview. She speaks of her philosophy of philanthropy and the ethics involved in this field. In addition, she discusses the purpose of the Foundation Library Center, her vision for the future, the impact of the 1969 Tax Reform Act on philanthropy, philanthropic abuse, and the importance of diversity in philanthropy.
90-009 Finberg, Barbara April 18, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 35 pages 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 106 minutes; index; photo of interviewee
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Barbara Finberg, formerly the executive vice president of the Carnegie Corporation, discusses her philosophy of philanthropy, her values, and occupational background in this interview. Finberg spoke of her career at the Carnegie Corporation, the philanthropic goals of this institution, and the changes it experienced over the years. She also discusses diversity and minorities with regard to philanthropy, and her own experiences as a woman in a formerly male-dominated field. In addition, Finberg speaks of the ethics of the field of philanthropy and the role of foundations in society.
90-035 Furnari, Ellen August 27, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 29 pages 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 68 minutes; index
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Ellen Furnari, the foundation coordinator of Ben and Jerry's Foundation, discusses the structure of this foundation, the manner in which she ascended to her position, and the goal or mission statement of this foundation. She describes objectives of the foundation, and how these are achieved through the making of grants aimed at instigating social changes. In addition, Furnari discusses what foundations can accomplish in society, the difference between Ben and Jerry's Foundation and other corporate institutions of philanthropy, and the issue of diversity and minorities with regard to philanthropy.
90-045 Garcetti, Sukey December 2, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 29 pages 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 92 minutes; index
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Sukey Garcetti, sole administrator of her family's foundation, the Roth Family Foundation, discusses her family's history, the background of the foundation, and the grant making philosophy she applies at the foundation. She discusses family and private philanthropy and contrasts them with other philanthropic institutions in terms of scope, capacity, goals, and organization. Garcetti speaks of generational issues, and possible differences in values as a major topic in family philanthropy.
90-016 Gardner, John September 13, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 18 pages 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 63 minutes; 2 VHS videotapes; index; photo of interviewee with President Jimmy Carter, photo of interviewee, photo and quotes of interviewee in banquet program, advertising pamphlet for video of interviewee, 2 volume set of VHS tapes:John W. Gardner "The Release of Human Possibilities" Volume 1 and John W. Gardner "Task of Motivating" Volume Two
Access Status
Restricted (audio and VHS tapes closed; edited transcript open)
Scope and Content Note
John Gardner, a successful philanthropist who spent the majority of his career at the Carnegie Corporation, discusses his background, career development, philosophy of philanthropy, and tenure at the Carnegie Corporation. He speaks of the importance of preventive philanthropy and he emphasizes educational grants in this context. In addition, Gardner discusses grant evaluation, the Independent Sector, and the guiding principles he uses with regard to the application of foundation monies in the form of grants.
90-041 Haas, Walter A., Jr. December 5, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 23 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 70 minutes; index; lengthy interview with Haas family members regarding family history and involvement
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Walter A. Haas, Jr., founder of the Evelyn and Walter Haas, Jr. Foundation, discusses the history of his family's company, the tradition of family philanthropy, and his philosophy of philanthropy. He discusses the need for volunteerism in society and the importance of philanthropy, especially as applied in the San Francisco, California area by his foundation. Haas speaks of grant making, grant evaluation, and the areas favored by his foundation. In addition, generational and family issues in philanthropy are discussed, as is the philanthropic role of the government.
00-000 (accession number) Hamburg, David November 13, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 26 pages 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 96 minutes; no index
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
David Hamburg, president of the Carnegie Corporation, discusses the mission behind his foundation. He talks about his educational background, his previous experience with philanthropic organizations, describes some of Carnegie Corporation's current projects and its influential projects of the past. He compares Carnegie to other large foundations in the United States and also places foundations in the political and social structure of America.
90-044 Hilton, Steven M. December 2, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 25 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 89 minutes; index; photo of interviewee, photo of foundation board
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Steven M. Hilton, a director of the Hilton Foundation, discusses the mission and vision of his grandfather, Conrad Hilton, the founder of this philanthropic institution. He speaks of the impact of Catholicism on the development of his own values and philosophy of philanthropy and also on the grants funded by the Hilton Foundation. Hilton also discusses the influence of the nineteen sixties on himself personally and on philanthropy in general. He comments on the nature of family foundations and his association with them. In addition, Hilton speaks of the Hilton Foundation's national and international focus, its commitment to early childhood development, grant making, and grant evaluation.
90-042 Hirsch, Bruce A. December 5, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 25 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 76 minutes; index
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Dr. Bruce A. Hirsch, executive director of the Clarence Heller Foundation, discusses his education, background, and philosophy of philanthropy. He speaks of grant making at the Heller Foundation and of the main areas in which this institution issues grants, which include health and the environment, environmental preservation, chamber and symphonic orchestra music, and curriculum development for underprivileged students. Hirsch discusses family foundations, the impact of the nineteen sixties, grant making, grant evaluation, and environmental grant making.
90-012 Jacobson, Sibyl June 29, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 24 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 75 minutes; index
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Sibyl Jacobson, a philanthropist at the Metropolitan Life Foundation, discusses her educational background as it is related to her career in philanthropy. Much of her discussion revolves around corporate philanthropy and corporate foundations and ethics involved in the practice of this line of work. Jacobson discusses the priorities of the Metropolitan Life Foundation, its grant making policies, and the role of diversity in philanthropy.
90-006 Johnson, Charles A. March 14, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 37 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 102 minutes; index; 2 photos of interviewee
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Charles A. Johnson, a foundation officer of the Lilly Endowment and former fundraiser, discusses the influences of his background, religion, and education on his values and philosophy of philanthropy. He speaks of the Lilly family, their commitment to philanthropy, and the three main areas of emphasis in the Lilly Endowment: religion, education, and community development. Johnson discusses the Endowment's grant making process in these areas, in addition to commenting on philanthropic ethics, the causes and effects of the 1969 Tax Reform Act, and the Endowment's traditional emphasis on making grants in Indianapolis.
90-021 Joseph, James A. February 28, 1991 April 23, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 31 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 113 minutes; index; photo of interviewee, photo of interviewee in meeting, fact sheet on Council on Foundations
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
James A. Joseph, the president and chief executive officer of the Council on Foundations, discusses his values, education, career, and philosophy of philanthropy. He speaks of international philanthropy, especially in the context of his book, The Charitable Impulse. In addition, Joseph comments on foundation assessment, philanthropic ethics, diversity and minority groups in philanthropy, and the necessity of leadership. He also reveals his beliefs as to the place of philanthropy in United States society and he speaks of the fewness of jobs and lack of specific training for jobs in the philanthropic world.
90-002 Kreidler, Robert N. February 13, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 49 pages 3 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 138 minutes; index
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Robert N. Kreidler, born in 1929, describes his work in United States foundations, particularly at the Sloan and Dana foundations. He describes the formation and management of foundations, their boards and employees, including women and minorities. Further, he describes the grant making process, successes and failures, and public opinion of foundations.
90-022 Kunstadter, John; Kunstadter, Geraldine February 26, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 49 pages; 3 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 152 minutes; index
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
John and Geraldine Kunstadter run their family foundation, the Albert Kunstadter Family Foundation. They discuss their respective backgrounds, educations, and the development of their values. Also discussed is the history of their family foundation, family foundations in general, and their process of grant making. Their foundation tends to emphasize international philanthropy. The Kunstadters speak of their beliefs about the role of organized philanthropy, diversity in foundations, the importance of annual reports, and the set of priorities they use in grant making decisions.
90-048 Lenkowsky, Leslie December 13, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 30 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 103 minutes; index; photo of interviewee, photo of interviewee with President Reagan
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Leslie Lenkowsky, the president of the Hudson Institute, discusses his background and education, the neo-conservative movement, Judaism, and the strengths and weaknesses of American foundations in this interview. He speaks of the impacts of the nineteen sixties, including increased attention to social welfare. In addition, Lenkowsky comments on foundation assessment, the problems with family foundations, the philanthropic role of the government, the relationship between Judaism and neo-conservatism, and many of his fellow philanthropists and the institutions they represent.
90-046 Lyman, Elizabeth J. "Jing" December 4, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 38 pages; 3 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 135 minutes; index; photo of interviewee, photo of interviewee with children
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Elizabeth J. "Jing" Lyman, active in volunteerism, social welfare, and philanthropy for decades, discusses the profound influence of her upbringing, family, education, and background on the development of her values, career path, and philosophy of philanthropy. In this interview, she emphasizes women and philanthropy, grant seeking and grant making, especially with regard to diversity issues. In addition, Lyman speaks of the importance and effectiveness of grassroots organizing, and the making of activist grants.
90-034 Lyman, Richard August 21, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 31 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 86 minutes; index; photo of interviewee, photo of interviewee at meeting
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Richard Lyman, president of Stanford University and president of the Rockefeller Foundation, discusses his background, education, and career, and his views on philanthropy. Specifically, he speaks extensively about the Rockefeller Foundation, the ideal characteristics of foundation leaders, diversity, philanthropic ethics, and both the positive and negative aspects of grant evaluation. Lyman also speaks of foundations in general and the health of American foundations.
90-003 Magat, Richard A. February 12, 1990 April 20, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 43 pages; 3 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 119 minutes; index; photo of interviewee, booklet written by interviewee
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Richard A. Magat, a philanthropist employed in public relations at the Ford Foundation and former president of the Edward W. Hazen Foundation, discusses his background, education, and philosophy of philanthropy. He comments extensively on foundations, the nature of foundations, international philanthropy, possible criticisms of foundations, and the internal politics often present in foundation administration. In addition, Magat speaks of the 1969 Tax Reform Act, what initiated this Congressional act, and some of the results in the philanthropic world.
90-007 Mawby, Russell G. April 3, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 45 pages; 3 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 114 minutes; index; photo of interviewee, photo of interviewee in group shot, curriculum vitae
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Russell G. Mawby, chief executive officer and chairman of the board of the W.K Kellogg Foundation, discusses his family and childhood on a fruit farm in rural Michigan, the development of his values, and the importance placed on education and agriculture as he grew up. He speaks of his entrance into the field of philanthropy, and his broad definition of philanthropy, foundations, and philanthropic ethics. Mawby outlines some of the main grant making goals of the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, including urban and rural education and development, nutritional health on an international scale, and ground water education. In addition, he discusses foundations in American society and what he sees in the future for philanthropy.
90-033 McCormack, Elizabeth October 1, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 18 pages; 1 tape, 1 7/8 ips, 54 minutes; index; photo of interviewee
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Elizabeth McCormack, a nun and philanthropist who has worked at the Rockefeller Brothers Fund and the MacArthur Foundation, discusses her career, values, and favorite grants. She speaks of the history of philanthropy and her views on the future of philanthropy. McCormack discusses grant making and grant evaluation, as well as the role she believes the government should take in regard to philanthropy. In addition, she comments on diversity in philanthropic boards and foundations.
90-023 McGinly, William February 28, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 31 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 93 minutes; index
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
William McGinly, chief executive officer and president of the Association for Health Philanthropy, discusses his background, his family, the development of his values, and his entrance into the field of philanthropy. McGinly emphasizes the profound personal importance of education and health care, as well as its importance to the organization which he leads. He discusses some characteristics and experiences that he believes make a good philanthropist. In addition, McGinly comments on the Give to Life Program, philanthropic ethics, diversity in philanthropy, and possible effects of the first Persian Gulf War on American philanthropy.
90-004 Nielsen, Waldemar February 15, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 37 pages; 3 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 148 minutes; index; photo of interviewee, photo & xeroxed photo of interviewee in meeting, article about interviewee
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Waldemar Nielsen, whose career centered on philanthropy at the Ford Foundation, discusses his background, early career, and thoughts on American philanthropy. Nielsen speaks of his views on the role of foundations in United States society and the weaknesses of foundations, including the lack of diversity within and among foundations. He discusses the impact of McCarthyism on the Ford Foundation and the role the government should play, and has played, in philanthropy.
90-031 O'Connell, Brian May 2, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 31 pages; 3 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 128 minutes; index
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Brian O'Connell, a philanthropist at the Independent Sector, discusses his background, education, and career at the Independent Sector. He speaks of diversity and the interplay between government and philanthropy. O'Connell comments on foundations in United States' society, his thoughts on the future on American philanthropy, and, more specifically, the agenda and description of the Independent Sector.
90-047 Payton, Robert L. December 9, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 21 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 85 minutes; index
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Robert L. Payton, a professor of philanthropic studies who was intensely involved with the Indiana University Center on Philanthropy, discusses his family and childhood, and their contribution to his moral development, and eventual career and beliefs about philanthropy. He speaks of the so-called robber barons and the foundations created from their accumulated wealth, and the reasons or purposes of the wealthy who set up foundations. In addition, Payton discusses changes philanthropy and foundations have undergone, especially since World War II, and the role the government plays in philanthropy.
90-005 Pifer, Alan February 14, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 26 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 82 minutes; index; photo of interviewee
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Alan Pifer, who served for seventeen years as the president of the Carnegie Corporation, discusses his family, education, service in World War II, and the development of his values and beliefs in this interview. He speaks of the personal requirements of a career in philanthropy in terms of personality, character, and education. Pifer comments on his career history, foundations, the interaction of philanthropic organizations and government, the various philanthropic causes with which he has worked, and his efforts for education in Africa. In addition, he discusses the impact of the Civil Rights Movement on the diversity of the boards of philanthropic organizations.
90-038 Price, Hugh B. October 8, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 27 pages 2 cassettes, 1 7/8 ips., 75 minutes; black and white photograph and negative
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Hugh B. Price, born in 1941, describes his career in foundation work, particularly with the Rockefeller Foundation, where he managed their funds for school reform and equal opportunity. Price also describes his early career and his philosophy of grant-making.
90-010 Scallon, Al April 19, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 21 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 59 minutes; index; photo of interviewee
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Al Scallon, the director of the Corporate Support Programs (or corporate philanthropy) of IBM, speaks of IBM's reasons for giving, as well as his own ideas regarding the purpose and orientation of philanthropy. He emphasizes the international character of IBM's philanthropic activities and discusses the increased stress on programs aimed at minority development. In addition, Scallon discusses the issue of philanthropic ethics.
90-024 Shannon, James P. February 26, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 39 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 117 minutes; index; photo of interviewee, group photo with interviewee
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
James P. Shannon, the former vice president and director of the General Mills Foundation, reflects on his life. He discusses his family, Catholicism, and education. He also discusses his career in philanthropy, the ethics of philanthropy, its diversification, some problems, and a few of his favorite projects. In addition, Shannon emphasizes the purpose and goals, in his view, of corporate philanthropy.
90-013 Shute, Benjamin R., Jr. July 10, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 35 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 90 minutes; index
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Benjamin R. Shute, Jr., the corporate secretary of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, discusses his childhood, family life, education, and how each of these influenced the development of the values which direct his judgement in his career in philanthropy. He speaks of the Rockefellers as a family and as a foundation, their special interests, international projects, focus on New York City, and diversification to include minorities in the grant making and grant receiving process. In addition, he discusses the creation of New Ventures, a nonprofit consulting organization.
90-017 Slutsky, Lorie September 10, 1990
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 22 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 50 minutes; index; photo of interviewee
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Lorie Slutsky, president of New York Community Trust, speaks of her background and career as a philanthropist in this interview. She discusses the grant making procedures at the New York Community Trust as well as its priorities, which include children, youth, families, health, community development, and education. Additionally, she describes its mission, philosophy, and structure, and comments on the increasing diversity in the Trust, especially regarding the large number of women on the board and staff, the processes involved, and idea of philanthropy and grant evaluation.
90-020 Taylor, Alfred H., Jr. January 25, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 19 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 69 minutes; index; 2 photographs of interviewee
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Alfred H. Taylor, Jr., the board chairman of the Kresge Foundation, speaks of his background and career in philanthropy. He emphasizes the history and priorities of the Kresge Foundation, as well as its grant making procedures. Taylor discusses the relations between the professional staff and trustees of the foundation, as well as the question of foundations serving their own interests or areas of preferred service. In addition, he speaks of the increase in diversity in philanthropy.
90-032 Wilson, Kirke June 26, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 32 pages 2 tapes, 109 minutes; no index
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Kirke Wilson, a philanthropist employed at the Rosenberg Foundation, discusses the main issues tackled by the foundation: the cultural integration of immigrants, children and families in poverty, and child support reform. He speaks of his strong feelings of social responsibility and about social justice. Mr. Wilson comments on the recognition of the need for reform that grew out of the movements of the nineteen sixties. In addition, he discusses grant making, his opinion as to the government's optimal role in philanthropy, and foundation specialization.
90-025 Ylvisaker, Paul February 25, 1991
CreatorLichtenberg, Naomi 30 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 111 minutes; index; photo of interviewee
Access Status
Open
Scope and Content Note
Paul Ylvisaker discusses in this interview his life, background, and richly varied career that centered on philanthropy, primarily in association with the Ford Foundation. He speaks of both the problems with and benefits of American foundations, as well as the ethics involved in philanthropy. Ylvisaker comments on the impact his Lutheran upbringing had on his values and career path, as well as the increasing diversity within philanthropy.