Claude Barnett and the Associated Negro Press 1976-1977

A Guide to the Collection of Oral History Interviews at Indiana University Bloomington

Finding aid prepared by the staff of the Center for the Study of History and Memory with a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities Division of Preservation and Access, 2000-2002

Creator: Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory
Title: Claude Barnett and the Associated Negro Press
Collection No.: ohrc028
Dates: 1976-1977
Quantity:

Quantity: 8 interviews

(Audio files, transcripts, and collateral materials )
Abstract: These interviews consist primarily of interviewees discussing their relationships with Claude Barnett, their work at the Associated Negro Press, and Barnett's ongoing efforts at improving race relations. In addition, many interviewees comment on the difficulties they encountered while working for the Press and its impact on the Civil Rights Movement.
Location: Interviews are housed in Franklin Hall, Room 0030A. Contact ohrc@indiana.edu for more information. Copies of interview transcripts are also held by the IU Libraries University Archives. For other locations housing the interviews from this project, please contact the Center for Documentary Research and Practice office.
Language: Materials are in English
Repository: Center for Documentary Research and Practice
Franklin Hall 0030B
601 E. Kirkwood Avenue
Bloomington, Indiana 47405
ohrc@indiana.edu
URL: https://cdrp.mediaschool.indiana.edu/

Scope and Content Note

This collection contains eight interviews over the course of four years, ranging from forty minutes to one hundred-eighty minutes. All interviews consist of typed transcripts and audio reels.

Restrictions

Usage Restrictions:

The archive of the Center for Documentary Research and Practice at Indiana University is open to the use of researchers. Copies of transcript pages are available only when such copies are permitted by the deed of gift. Scholars must honor any restrictions the interviewee placed on the use of the interview. Since some of our earlier (pre-computer) transcripts do not exist in final form, any editing marks in a transcript (deletions, additions, corrections) are to be quoted as marked. Audio files may not be copied for patrons unless the deed of gift permits it, and a transcript is unavailable for that interview. The same rules of use that apply to a transcript apply to the audio interview. Interviews may not be reproduced in full for any public use, but excerpted quotes may be used as long as researchers fully cite the data in their research, including accession number, interview date, interviewee's and interviewer's name, and page(s).

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[interviewee first name last name] interview, by [interviewer first name last name], [interview date(s)], [call number], [project name], Center for Documentary Research and Practice, Indiana University, Bloomington, [page number(s) or tape number and side if no transcript; if digital audio and no transcript, cite time when quote occurs].

Acquisition Information

Oral history interviews conducted by the Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory from 1968 to the present, with particular focus on the history of twentieth-century America and the Midwest.

Collection Inventory

Davis, Frank Marshall , January 2, 1977

No(s): 77-001

Physical Description: 27 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 60 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Frank Marshall Davis, born in 1905, describes his education, early work experience and how he came to work for the Associated Negro Press. He talks about Claude Barnett and their relationship over the years. He also talks about multiple organizations that he came in contact with for work.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • journalist
  • Places:
    • Atlanta, Georgia
    • Chicago, Illinois
    • Gary, Indiana
    • Manhattan, Kansas
    • Wichita, Kansas
  • Subjects:
    • Black newspapers
    • funding issues
    • integration
    • racial bias
    • Scottsboro Boys
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Atlanta Daily World
    • American Negro Exposition
    • Associated Negro Press
    • Chicago Defender
    • FBI
    • Friends University
    • Gary American
    • Julius Rosenwald Fund
    • Kansas State College
    • NAACP
    • National Negro Newspaper Publishers Association
    • Republican National Committee
    • Tuskegee Institute
    • United States Commerce Department
    • United States Department of Agriculture
    • W.B. Ziff Advertising Agency
  • People:
    • Abbott, Robert S.
    • Anderson, Marian
    • Barnett, Albert
    • Barnett, Claude
    • Brascher, Naham Daniel
    • Gordon, Eugene
    • Hoover, Herbert C.
    • Jackson, James "Billboard"
    • Jones, Dewey
    • Louis, Joe
    • Moton, Etta
    • Pickens, William
    • Prattis, Percival L.
    • Reynolds, Hatty
    • Reynolds, C.W.
    • Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
    • Scott, William A.
    • Vann, Robert
    • Walker, William O.
    • Walton, Lester
    • White, Alvin E.

Access Status: Open

Johnson, Ernest E. , December 2, 1976-December 3, 1976

No(s): 76-068

Physical Description: 77 pages; 3 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 180 minutes; appendix, newspaper clipping

Scope and Content Note: Ernest E. Johnson, born in 1913, talkis about his experience working for the Associated Negro Press. He chronicles the difficulties he encountered. He spends a substantial amount of time talking about the people he worked with. Also included are 77 pages of correspondence Mr. Johnson kept over the years. These letters span his career.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • newspaper columnist
    • newspaper reporter
  • Places:
    • Chicago, Illinois
    • Dallas, Texas
    • Houston, Texas
    • India
    • London, England
    • New York, New York
    • Walterboro, South Carolina
    • Washington, DC
    • West Indies
  • Subjects:
    • Communists
    • Negro Press
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Amalgamated Publishers
    • American Newspaper Guild
    • American West Indian News
    • Associated Negro Press
    • Black Dispatch
    • Chicago Defender
    • Eagle
    • Fair Employment Practices Committee
    • Long Island University
    • NAACP
    • National Baptist Convention
    • National Negro Business League
    • United Negro College Fund
    • National Urban League
    • Negro Digest
    • New York Amsterdam News
    • New York Times
    • People's Voice
    • P.M.
    • Tuskegee Institute
    • United Nations
    • United Nations Economic and Social Council
    • United States Department of Agriculture
    • Voice of America
  • People:
    • Adams, Julius
    • Anderson, Trez
    • Bancroft, Griffin
    • Barnett, Claude
    • Bolton, Frances
    • Brown, Heywood
    • Brown, Mattie Julian
    • Brown, Warren
    • Browning, Charlie
    • Burley, Dan
    • Chase, Bill
    • Clark, Conrad
    • Craig, Mae
    • Cunard, Nancy
    • Daniels, Jonathan
    • Davidson, Eugene
    • Davis, Frank Marshall
    • Davis, John W.
    • Dougherty, Romeo
    • Field, Marshall
    • Forrestal, James
    • Gibson, Truman K. Jr.
    • Giles, Grace
    • Gordon, Eugene
    • Granger, Lester
    • Gruson, Sidney
    • Hall, Chatwood
    • Hicks, Jimmy
    • Holsey, Albon L.
    • Jackson, Fay
    • Lacour, Joseph
    • Lautier, Louis
    • Lawson, Edward
    • Lewis, Flora
    • Lewis, Ira
    • McAlpin, Harry
    • Moses, Alvin
    • Murphy, Carl
    • Nunn, Bill
    • Patterson, Frederick Douglass, II
    • Pierrepointe, Reggie
    • Poston, Ted
    • Powell, Adam C.
    • Powell, C.B.
    • Prattis, Percival L.
    • Randolph, Phil
    • Rowe, Billy
    • Sengstacke, John
    • Smith, Mersiman
    • Stanley, Frank
    • Timberlake, Clair
    • Walker, William O.
    • Washington, Booker T.
    • Wesley, Carter
    • White, Alvin E.
    • White, Walter
    • Wilkins, Roy

Access Status: Open

Patterson, Frederick Douglass, II , June 17, 1977

No(s): 77-017

Physical Description: 25 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 60 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Frederick Douglass Patterson II, born on October 10, 1901, discusses Claude Barnett, especially their relationship regarding the Tuskegee Institute. Patterson tells about Barnetts' work to improve race relations between blacks and whites and also to improve education possibilites for African-Americans. Patterson tells about the people who Barnett worked with both in the newspaper business and in his political maneuvering.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • author
    • chief executive officer
  • Places:
    • Africa
    • Chicago, Illinois
    • New York, New York
    • Race relations
  • Subjects:
    • African-Americans
    • funding colleges
    • New Deal
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • American Red Cross
    • Associated Negro Press
    • Colored Merchants Association
    • Hampton Institute
    • National Negro Business League
    • Robert R. Moton Institute
    • Tuskegee Institute
    • Negro Farmer
  • People:
    • Alexander, Archie
    • Atkins, Russell
    • Baker, Newton C.
    • Barnett, Claude
    • Barnett, Etta Moton
    • Bolton, Frances
    • Brooks, Mamie
    • Gibson, Truman K. Jr.
    • Holsey, Albon L.
    • Hoover, Herbert C.
    • Jackson, James "Billboard"
    • Moton, Catherine
    • Moton, Robert R.
    • Patterson, Frederick Douglass, II
    • Patterson, William Ross
    • Prattis, Prentice
    • Scott, Emmet
    • Washington, Booker T.
    • Vann, Robert

Access Status: Open

Richardson, Harry V. , April 7, 1977

No(s): 77-012

Physical Description: 31 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 70 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Harry Richardson talks about his knowledge of Claude Barnett and the black press. He also talks about race relations, religion, and the Back to Africa movement

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • chaplain
  • Places:
    • Alabama
    • Africa
    • Atlanta, Georgia
    • Birmingham, Alabama
    • Chicago, Illinois
    • Liberia
    • Washington, DC
    • Race relations
  • Subjects:
    • Back to Africa movement
    • Black press
    • desegregation
    • Freemasonry
    • New Deal
    • politics
    • segregation
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Associated Negro Press
    • Associated Press
    • Chase National Bank
    • Colored Merchants Association
    • Gannon Seminary
    • NAACP
    • National Negro Business League
    • Phelps Stokes Foundation
    • Supreme Liberty Life Insurance
    • Tuskegee Institute
    • United States Department of Agriculture
    • United States Department of Commerce
    • Chicago Defender
  • Family Names:
    • Rockefeller
  • People:
    • Barnett, Claude
    • Camon, Thomas Monroe
    • Davis, John P.
    • Holsey, Albon L.
    • Hoover, Herbert C.
    • Moton, Robert R.
    • Patterson, Frederick Douglass, II
    • Rosenwald, Julius
    • Washington, Booker T.
    • Wilkins, Roy

Access Status: Open

Scott, C.A. , April 8, 1977

No(s): 77-011

Physical Description: 30 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8ips, 70 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: C.A. Scott, born in 1908, discusses running a black newspaper. He talks about difficulties between blacks and whites and changes in race relations over the years. He talks about changes in publishing and acceptance of black reporters and newspapers. He also talks about howblack newspapers affected the Civil Rights Movement.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Africa
    • Atlanta, Georgia
    • Fuers, Mississippi
    • Hiram, Ohio
    • Washington, DC
  • Subjects:
    • Civil Rights Movement
    • discrimination
    • Great Depression
    • politics
    • Religion
    • segregation
    • voting
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Associated Negro Press
    • Atlanta Daily World
    • Atlanta School of Social Work
    • Chicago Defender
    • Cleveland Call and Post
    • Hiram College
    • National Negro Press Association
    • White House Correspondents Association
  • People:
    • Barnett, Claude
    • Davis, Benjamin
    • Davis, Frank Marshall
    • Dunnigan, Alice
    • King, Martin Luther, Jr.
    • McAlpin, Harry
    • Prattis, Percival L.
    • Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
    • Thomas, Jessie O.
    • Walker, William O.

Access Status: Open

Walker, William O. , April 18, 1980

No(s): 80-042

Physical Description: 18 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 40 minutes; 6 page article: "Don't Order the Coffin Yet...The Corpse is Still Alive"

Scope and Content Note: William O. Walker tells about his experiences as a black newspaper reporter and owner during the nineteen twenties, nineteen thirties, and nineteen forties. He talks about Claude Barnett's influence on breaking down the barriers between blacks and whites. He tells about different newpapers and the types of news they covered as well as other influential men and women both in the newspaper business and in politics.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Alabama
    • New York, New York
    • Washington, DC
  • Subjects:
    • Black news organizations
    • Black theater
    • Black war correspondents
    • Journalism
    • New Deal
    • politics
    • segregation
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Associated Negro Press
    • Black Tribune
    • Chicago Defender
    • Cleveland Call and Post
    • Courier
    • Indianapolis Freeman
    • NAACP
    • Tuskegee Institute
  • People:
    • Barnett, Claude
    • Davidson, Eugene
    • DePriest, Oscar
    • Johnson, Earnest
    • Mitchell, Arthur
    • Prattis, Percival L.
    • Scott, C.A.
    • Wallace, Henry A.
    • White, Alvin E.

Access Status: Open

Waters, Enoc P. , July 19, 1976

No(s): 76-053

Physical Description: 36 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 65 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Enoc P. Waters talks about his relationship with Claude Barnett and the Associated Negro Press. He tells about his experiences as a black reporter and the difficulties he encountered. He also talks about difficulties in general for both blacks and the black press in the nineteen thirties and nineteen forties. At the end of his interview he mentions the names of a number of people who were prominant in the black press during those years.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Africa
    • Washington, DC
  • Subjects:
    • Black newspapers
    • Journalism
    • politics
    • sports reporting
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Associated Negro Press
    • Chicago Defender
    • National Airman's Association
    • Tuskegee Institute
    • United States Air Force
    • United States Department of Agriculture
  • Family Names:
    • Rosenwald
  • People:
    • Abbott, Robert S.
    • Barnett, Claude
    • Drake, St. Clair
    • Dunnigan, Alice
    • Forrestal, James
    • Murrow, Edward R.
    • White, Alvin E.

Access Status: Open

Wilkins, Roy , December 2, 1976

No(s): 76-069

Physical Description: 20 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 50 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Roy Wilkins tells about his experiences working in the black press. He talks about the financial difficulties they faced as well as the problems of segregation and discrimination. He also talks about Claude Barnett and the impact he had in the Associated Negro Press and in politics.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • advertising
    • Black press
    • Journalism
    • politics
    • segregation
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Associated Negro Press
    • Associated Press
    • Chicago Defender
    • Kansas City Call
    • NAACP
    • Tuskegee Institute
  • People:
    • Barnett, Claude
    • Beckwith, Carl
    • Lacour, Joseph
    • Lewis, Ira
    • Murphy, Carl
    • Parker, Judge
    • Rhodes, E. Washington
    • Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
    • Seligmann, Herbert
    • White, Walter

Access Status: Open