Economic History of Indiana in the Twentieth Century 1976-1980

A Guide to the Collection of Oral History Interviews at Indiana University Bloomington

Finding aid prepared by the staff of the Center for the Study of History and Memory with a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities Division of Preservation and Access, 2000-2002

Creator: Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory
Title: Economic History of Indiana in the Twentieth Century
Collection No.: ohrc041
Dates: 1976-1980
Quantity:

Quantity: 164 Interviews

(Audio files, transcripts, and collateral materials )
Abstract: This project contains information about local, state, national, and international economic enterprises, focusing mainly on businesses and industries located in and/or originating in the state of Indiana. Some of the industries discussed are the Indiana limestone industry, the local oil industry, coal mining, agriculture, railroads, the automobile industry, banking, insurance, steel production, and supermarkets. The local economic impact of industry and business on a community, unionization, and the workforces of each industry are also discussed.
Location: Interviews are housed in Franklin Hall, Room 0030A. Contact ohrc@indiana.edu for more information. Copies of interview transcripts are also held by the IU Libraries University Archives. For other locations housing the interviews from this project, please contact the Center for Documentary Research and Practice office.
Language: Materials are in English
Repository: Center for Documentary Research and Practice
Franklin Hall 0030B
601 E. Kirkwood Avenue
Bloomington, Indiana 47405
Business Number: 812-855-2856
ohrc@indiana.edu
URL: https://cdrp.mediaschool.indiana.edu/

Scope and Content Note

This collection contains 164 interviews over the course of 4 years. Interviews range from about 30 minutes to 3 hours. All of the interviews consist of audio reels and most have typed transcripts.

Restrictions

Usage Restrictions:

The archive of the Center for Documentary Research and Practice at Indiana University is open to the use of researchers. Copies of transcript pages are available only when such copies are permitted by the deed of gift. Scholars must honor any restrictions the interviewee placed on the use of the interview. Since some of our earlier (pre-computer) transcripts do not exist in final form, any editing marks in a transcript (deletions, additions, corrections) are to be quoted as marked. Audio files may not be copied for patrons unless the deed of gift permits it, and a transcript is unavailable for that interview. The same rules of use that apply to a transcript apply to the audio interview. Interviews may not be reproduced in full for any public use, but excerpted quotes may be used as long as researchers fully cite the data in their research, including accession number, interview date, interviewee's and interviewer's name, and page(s).

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[interviewee first name last name] interview, by [interviewer first name last name], [interview date(s)], [call number], [project name], Center for Documentary Research and Practice, Indiana University, Bloomington, [page number(s) or tape number and side if no transcript; if digital audio and no transcript, cite time when quote occurs].

Acquisition Information

Oral history interviews conducted by the Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory from 1968 to the present, with particular focus on the history of twentieth-century America and the Midwest.

Collection Inventory

Adams, Basil , June 24, 1980

No(s): 80-044

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel (missing), 1 7/8 ips, 90 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Basil Adams discusses the involvement of unions in the auto industry. Basil Adams was born on March 27, 1905. He was a laborer at Warner Gear from 1922 to 1960. He worked as an inspector and gear cutter. He was also active in the United Auto Workers (UAW), Local #287.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • gear cutter
  • Subjects:
    • automobile industry
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • United Auto Workers
    • United Auto Workers, Local 287
    • Warner Gear

Access Status: Open

Alcorn, Corry , July 13, 1977

No(s): 77-018

Physical Description: 39 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 50 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Corry Alcorn was born in Posey County, Indiana. His interview covers farming and livestock production in Monroe County. He has worked with the cooperative extension service for forty years. There is a major discussion on the commercialization of farming. In addition he explains how Purdue University came to be involved in agricultural research.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • agriculture
    • farmers grange
    • livestock production
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Corn Growers Association
    • Crop Improvement Association
    • Farmers Union
    • Federal Farm Credit Administration
    • Federal Farm Land Bank
    • Indiana Farm Bureau
    • National Farmers Organization
    • Purdue Agricultural Alumni Association
    • Purdue University
  • People:
    • Christie, George I.

Access Status: Open

Altman, Arnold D. , February 20, 1980

No(s): 80-011

Physical Description: 27 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 1 hour 20 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Arnold D. Altman, born on December 10, 1917 in South Bend, Indiana, provides information on the Avanti Motor Corporation and the auto industry. He provides detailed information on how the Avanti car was manufactured and sold. He draws a comparison to the Avanti process of manufacturing against how General Motors manufactures cars.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • company president
  • Places:
    • South Bend, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • automobile industry
    • automobile sales
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Avanti Motor Corporation
    • General Motors Corporation
    • St. Joseph's Bank
    • Studebaker Corporation
  • Family Names:
    • Newman
    • Rosenthal
  • People:
    • Loewy, Raymond

Access Status: Open

Andrew, Stanley , October 16, 1980

No(s): 80-067

Physical Description: 67 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 45 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Stanley Andrew, born on November 19, 1913, provides information on raising tobacco as a cash crop. Andrew discusses the changes over the years in how tobacco is farmed. He also speaks of the effects of weather and use of equipment and fertilizers on tobacco.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • tobacco farmer
  • Places:
    • Jefferson County, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • Federal Crop Allocation Act
    • tobacco farming
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • American Farm Bureau

Access Status: Open

Baker, Mack A. , September 18, 1979

No(s): 79-054

Physical Description: 30 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 45 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Mack A. Baker, born on June 5, 1913, explains the importance of French Lick Springs, a resort in Orange County, Indiana, to that community. Hotel labor and individual jobs is thoroughly discussed, as well as an individual's ability to perform more than one task.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • hotel superintendent
  • Places:
    • French Lick, Indiana
    • Orange County, Indiana
    • Springs Valley, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • resort industry
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Sheraton Hotel

Access Status: Open

Ball, Edmund , June 23, 1980

No(s): 80-043

Physical Description: 44 pages; 2 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 2 hours 20 minutes; no index; original photograph of interviewee, biography of interviewee, newspaper article on Ball Corporation

Scope and Content Note: This interview discusses the early development of the Ball Corporation and its diversification in later years. Edmund Ball covers the modernization of the company and its association with Ball Hospital and Ball State University.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • chief executive officer
  • Places:
    • Evansville, Indiana
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Ball Corporation
    • Ball Hospital
    • Ball State University
    • Kent Plastics, Incorporated
    • Owens-Illinois, Incorporated

Access Status: Open

Barnett, John V. , May 24, 1977

No(s): 77-015

Physical Description: 31 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 10 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: At the time of the interview, John V. Barnett was the president of the Indiana State Chamber of Commerce. The interview covers the activities of the Chamber of Commerce and the business community of Indianapolis, Indiana.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • chamber of commerce president
  • Places:
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana State Chamber of Commerce

Access Status: Open

Barnett, John V. , February 9, 1979

No(s): 79-011

Physical Description: 27 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 45 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: This interview covers glass blowing. John Barnett also briefly discusses labor issues and explains the J.D. Adams case as it relates to gross income tax. Barnett also relates the positives about living in Indiana.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Lapel, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • glass blowing
    • glass manufacture
    • labor issues
    • natural gas
    • property tax

Access Status: Open

Barrett, Fred M. , April 11, 1977

No(s): 77-010

Physical Description: 42 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 40 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Fred Barrett is a fourth generation limestone worker. He discusses the limestone business in Indiana. He talks about the development of Matthews Brothers, Inc. and the use of skilled labor. He also covers topics such as labor unions and employee benefits.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • company president
  • Subjects:
    • employee benefits
    • limestone industry
    • stonecutting
    • unions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Independent Limestone Company
    • Indiana Limestone Institute
    • Matthews Brothers, Incorporated
    • Reed Quarries, Incorporated

Access Status: Open

Batchelor, Joseph A. , May 11, 1977

No(s): 77-013

Physical Description: 35 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips; 1 hour 35 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Joseph Batchelor, a professor of economics at Indiana University, was born on August 2, 1909 in Randolph County. He provides an in-depth discussion on why Indiana is ranked high in industry, the important manufacturing industries, and a general overview of what the state exports.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • economics professor
  • Places:
    • Batesville, Indiana
    • Illinois
    • Kentland, Indiana
    • Michigan
    • Newton County, Indiana
    • Ohio
    • Randolph County, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • agriculture history
    • automobile industry
    • industrial history
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Chrysler Corporation
    • General Motors Corporation
    • Indiana University
    • Lanear Company
    • Purdue University
  • Family Names:
    • Robinson
  • People:
    • Graves, Justin
    • Lanear, J.F.D.
    • Latta, William
    • McCulloch, Hugh
    • Patterson, David
    • Visher, Stephen Sargent
    • Wells, Herman B

Access Status: Open

Beach, Bill , October 13, 1977

No(s): 77-029

Physical Description: 48 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 55 minutes; no index, Purdue Cooperative Extension Service Directory 1977, photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Bill Beach was born on August 2, 1921. He discusses the activities of Purdue University's Cooperative Extension Program, the influences of the program in rural and urban cities, the role the agent plays in the extension program, and policy development that occurred due to the influence of the program. He goes into detail regarding the first community development program along with providing detailed information regarding projects the extension program is involved with.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • county extension agent
  • Places:
    • Daviess County, Indiana
    • Grandview, Indiana
    • Knox County, Indiana
    • Parke County, Indiana
    • Perry County, Indiana
    • Sullivan County, Indiana
    • Vincennes, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • community development
    • cooperative extension office
    • farming
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana Farm Bureau
    • Indiana University
    • National Farmers Organization
    • Purdue University
    • Vincennes Packing Company
    • Vincennes University
    • W.K. Kellogg Foundation
    • Wright Aeronautical Corporation
  • People:
    • Adams, Mack
    • Good, Morris
    • Peterson, J. Dwight
    • Utley, George

Access Status: Restricted: Contact center staff for more information

Beaty, Ernest , September 19, 1979

No(s): 79-058

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 30 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Ernest Beaty was born on December 9, 1903 in Orange County, Indiana. His interview is an overview of the historical aspects of the West Baden Springs Hotel.

Indexed Terms:

  • Corporate Bodies:
    • West Baden Springs Hotel

Access Status: Open

Bigham, Darrell E. , April 23, 1979

No(s): 79-033

Physical Description: 21 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 50 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Darrell E. Bigham was born on August 12, 1942 in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. In this interview, he discusses the economic climate in Evansville, Indiana, the diversity of industry in the area, the growth and decline of industry, and its effects on the population of the city. He also provides a brief discussion on the African-American population of the city.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • history professor
  • Places:
    • Evansville, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • African-American community
    • local economy
    • local industry
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Chrysler Corporation
    • International Harvester Company
    • Mead Johnson and Company
    • Servel Corporation
    • Sunbeam Corporation
    • Whirlpool Corporation

Access Status: Open

Blomgren, Holten E. , February 18, 1980

No(s): 80-010

Physical Description: 31 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps., 1 hour 20 minutes; no index; biography of Holten Blomgren, photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Holten E. Blomgren is a retired colonel who served over thirty years in the military. This interview provides a description of the trade association connected to the recreational vehicle and manufactured housing industry. Discussed heavily is the federal government's involvement in the industries and concerns of the organization regarding codes and standards as well as taxes.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • lobbyist
  • Subjects:
    • federal regulations
    • mobile home manufacture
    • National Conference of States for Building Codes
    • recreational vehicle manufacture
    • trade associations
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Federal Trade Commission
    • Indiana Department of Housing
    • Indiana Manufactured Housing Association

Access Status: Open

Bobzien, H.J. , April 15, 1980

No(s): 80-023

Physical Description: 36 pages; 1 reel (missing), 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 20 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: H.J. Bobzien was born on January 10, 1935 in Louisville, Kentucky and joined the American Commercial Barge Line Company in 1958. This interview covers the time period he worked for the company and outlines the manufacturing of barges, changes in the industry, and general information regarding the river transportation industry.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • company president
  • Places:
    • Illinois River
    • Louisville, Kentucky
    • Mississippi River
  • Subjects:
    • barge manufacture
    • river transportation
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • American Commercial Barge Line
    • Commercial Transport Corporation
    • Dravo Corporation
    • Federal Barge Line
    • Inland Steel Company
    • Jeffboat Limited Liability Company
    • Ohio River Company
    • Potts Industries
    • Texas Gas Transmission
    • Union Meckling Barge Line
  • People:
    • Blaske, Floyd

Access Status: Open

Boxman, Henry F. , August 28, 1980

No(s): 80-056

Physical Description: 24 pages; 1 tape, 1 7/8 ips, 55 minutes; no index; photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Henry F. Boxman, born June 26, 1903 and died August 29, 1991. discusses economic development in Bloomington, Indiana. He talks about his experiences as the owner of the Boxman Restaurant, and as president of the Bloomington Chamber of Commerce. He also talks about the effects of the Great Depression on the Bloomington economy, and the importance of the Showers Brothers Furniture Company in the town's growth.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • chamber of commerce president
    • restaurant owner
  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • community development
    • Great Depression
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Bloomington Chamber of Commerce (Bloomington, Ind.)
    • Boxman Restaurant
    • Showers Brothers Furniture Company

Access Status: Open

Brittain, John , March 2, 1979

No(s): 79-017

Physical Description: 26 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1919, John Brittain talks about the Westinghouse Corporation moving from East Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to Bloomington, Indiana. Other topis discussed include employees recruitment, the relationship of the company to Indiana University, and product development. Included in this discussion are management and marketing strategies.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
    • East Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
    • Greensboro, North Carolina
  • Occupations:
    • engineer
  • Subjects:
    • employee recruitment
    • factory management
    • marketing strategies
    • product development
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana University
    • Westinghouse Corporation

Access Status: Open

Broecker, Cletus A. , July 23, 1979, August 6, 1979

No(s): 79-045

Physical Description: 80 pages; 2 reels, 4.7 cps, 3 hours; no index

Scope and Content Note: Mr. Broecker was born on February 7, 1907. He begins this interview with information on his education and work experience. He discusses early road construction technology in Indiana. He talks about wages, the variety of materials used in road construction, and the effects of improved road conditions.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • company president
  • Places:
    • Arthur, Illinois
    • Denver, Colorado
    • Greencastle, Indiana
    • Illinois
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
    • Mitchell, Indiana
    • Ohio
    • Robinson, Illinois
    • Sandusky, Ohio
    • Vincennes, Indiana
    • Whiting, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • coal beneficiation
    • coal mining
    • land reclamation
    • quarry work
    • road construction
    • unions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AMAX Coal Company
    • Ayrshire Collieries Corporation
    • Cumberland Quarries
    • Erie Stone Company
    • France Stone Company
    • Indiana Bureau of Materials and Tests
    • Indiana Motor Truck Association
    • Irving Material, Incorporated
    • Knox County Sand Company
    • Mitchell Crushed Stone
    • Newton County Stone Company
    • O and I Stone
    • Portland Cement Association
    • Purdue Road School
    • Refiners Transport Company
    • Sandusky Crushed Stone Company
  • People:
    • Berry, Harry
    • Kalb, N.E.
    • McGregor, Ian
    • Peters, Lovitt
    • Peterson, J. Dwight
    • Rogers, Ralph
    • Ward, Dana

Access Status: Open

Brookshire, Robert S. , August 19, 1980

No(s): 80-051

Physical Description: 23 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 45 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Robert Brookshire was born on March 12, 1916. He discusses the hiring practices of RCA in 1940, hourly wage earners, and job availability. He also discusses changes in the workforce, technology, and the influence of unions. He gives reasons for the company's move from Memphis, Tennessee to Indianapolis, Indiana.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • department manager
  • Places:
    • Bedford, Indiana
    • Bloomfield, Indiana
    • Camden, New Jersey
    • Chicago, Illinois
    • Cincinnati, Ohio
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
    • Memphis, Tennessee
    • Monticello, Indiana
    • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    • St. Louis, Missouri
  • Subjects:
    • hourly workers
    • RCA hiring practices
    • unions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • RCA
    • Showers Brothers Furniture Company
  • People:
    • Cooke, John

Access Status: Open

Butz, Earl L. , January 9, 1978

No(s): 78-001

Physical Description: 22 pages; 1 reel (missing), 1 7/8 ips, 55 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Born 1909, Dr. Earl Butz discusses the changes in agriculture and agricultural education. He is former United States Secretary of Agriculture and talks of the political influences of agriculture industry. He speaks extensively of his career and legislation regarding agriculture.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • agriculture secretary
  • Subjects:
    • agricultural education
    • farm production
    • farming industry
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • American Farm Bureau
    • National Democratic Advisory Committee
    • National Farmers Organization
    • National Farmers Union
    • Purdue University
  • People:
    • Dehant, Tony
    • Doup, George
    • Hardin, Cliff
    • Paarlberg, Don
    • Wallace, Henry A.
    • Wickard, Claude
    • Young, E.C.

Access Status: Open

Churchill, Harold E. , February 28, 1990, February 29, 1990

No(s): 80-013

Physical Description: 71 pages; 2 reels, 4.7 cps, 3 hours 50 minutes, index; Churchill's obituary

Scope and Content Note: Born July 4, 1903, Harold Churchill discusses his interest in engineering and the manufacturing and testing of tires. The interview includes the relationship between management and hourly employees, the merger with Pierce Arrow, and the decline of the company.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • engineer
  • Places:
    • Canada
    • Detroit, Michigan
    • Jackson, Michigan
    • Los Angeles, California
    • Onan, Indiana
    • South Bend, Indiana
    • Utica, New York
  • Subjects:
    • automobile industry
    • labor-management relations
    • tire manufacture
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems Limited Liability Company
    • Chrysler Corporation
    • Cummins, Incorporated
    • Curtiss-Wright Corporation
    • Firestone Tire and Rubber Company
    • Ford Motor Company
    • General Motors Corporation
    • Pierce Arrow Motor Car Company
    • U.S. Small Business Administration
  • Family Names:
    • Birdsall
    • Dodge
    • O'Brien
    • Oliver
    • Onan
  • People:
    • Bean, A.G.
    • Chrysler, Walter
    • Erksine, Albert
    • Hoffman, Paul G.
    • Hurley, Roy
    • Loewy, Raymond
    • Nance, James J.
    • Reed, Dillion
    • Roos, Barney
    • Skelton, Zeeder
    • Vance, Harold

Access Status: Open

Clark, Woodrow , November 12, 1979

No(s): 79-063

Physical Description: 78 pages; 2 reels, 4.7 cps, 2 hours 50 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Woodrow Clark was born on July 5, 1912. He discusses his career with U.S. Steel, the cost of making steel, accounting practices, and the variety of pay plans. He provides information on the types of mills there are and how technology has changed in the mills. He gives his opinion on the loss of profits and explains EPA regulations as they relate to steel mills.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • steel mill superintendent
  • Places:
    • Gary, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • African-American workers
    • Steel Industry
    • women workers
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Fairless Works
    • United Steel Workers
    • U.S. Steel Corporation
    • Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company
  • People:
    • Gott, E. H.
    • Sunquist, Ray

Access Status: Open

Cloutier, Joseph , February 5, 1980

No(s): 80-008

Physical Description: 83 pages; 2 reels, 4.7 cps, 3 hours 30 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Joseph Cloutier was born March 26, 1908 and begins his interview with a discussion with his career at Hulman and Company, the relationship that developed with Tony Hulman, and the many roles he had at the company. In this interview he discusses the manufacturing of baking powder, beer making, employee recruitment, and the filing of taxes.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Columbus, Ohio
    • Dayton, Ohio
    • East Providence, Rhode Island
    • Evansville, Indiana
    • Illinois
    • Mattoon, Illinois
    • North Little Rock, Arkansas
    • Rochester, New York
  • Occupations:
    • accountant
  • Subjects:
    • accounting practices
    • baking powder manufacture
    • employee recruitment
    • Great Depression
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • A.E. Staley Manufacturing Company
    • American Can Company
    • Campbell Soup Company
    • Chrysler Corporation
    • Cook's Brewery
    • Hulman and Company
    • Indianapolis Motor Speedway
    • Jake's Manufacturing Company
    • Richmond Gas Corporation
    • Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology
    • Rumford Chemical Works
    • Sears, Roebuck and Company
    • Southern Indiana Gas and Electric Company
    • Terre Haute Brewing Company
    • Terre Haute Gas Company
    • United States Auto Club
  • Family Names:
    • Hulman
  • People:
    • Beatty, Ralph
    • Cooper, Thomas
    • Rendaico, Michael
    • Shaw, Wilbur
    • Strong, Joseph

Access Status: Open

Compton, Walter A. , October 14, 1980

No(s): 80-064

Physical Description: 38 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 30 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Dr. Walter Compton discusses the history of Miles Laboratory, the relationship that developed between his family and Dr. Franklin Miles, and his own interest in the medical field. He provides background information on how medicines were dispensed and the development of pharmacies. He also talks about the effects of World War II and the development of new medicines.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • medical researcher
    • physician
  • Places:
    • Chicago, Illinois
    • Michigan
  • Subjects:
    • pharmaceutical research
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Eli Lilly and Company
    • Pfizer, Incorporated
    • Princeton University
    • University of Pennsylvania
  • People:
    • Beardsley, Charles
    • Hagard, Howard
    • Miles, Franklin
    • Moore, Merrill
    • Rafferty, Michael
    • Treneer, Maurice

Access Status: Open

Cook, Gayle , March 5, 1979

No(s): 79-020

Physical Description: 46 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 50 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Gayle Cook was born in 1934 and is the cofounder of Cook Incorporated. She provides detailed information on how she and her husband founded their business and how they developed an instrument to open up veins. Expansion and diversification is thoroughly discussed.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • chief executive officer
  • Places:
    • Bermuda
    • Chicago, Illinois
    • Denmark
  • Subjects:
    • international expansion
    • medical supply manufacture
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • American Supply Company
    • Cook Financial Corporation
    • Cook, Incorporated
    • Hoffman Electronics Company
    • Monroe Guaranty Insurance Company
    • Nelson Instrument Company
    • Northern Financial Guarantee Company
    • Sabin Enterprises
  • Family Names:
    • Cook
  • People:
    • Fucilla, Van
    • Kanne, Miles
    • Osborne, Thomas

Access Status: Open

Coons, Chloral W. "Coke" , September 5, 1979

No(s): 79-052

Physical Description: 38 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 2 hours 20 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Born June 27, 1912 Choral W. "Coke" Coons discusses his childhood, career at Arvin, and the history of Arvin. He also discusses the employment of minorities and women, early employee benefits, and unions. He provides some detail as to how Arvin dealt with borrowing money and other financial situations.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Lancaster, Ohio
    • LaPorte, Indiana
    • Washington, DC
  • Subjects:
    • company finances
    • employee benefits
    • minority employment
    • unions
    • women workers
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Arvin Heater Company
    • Cummins, Incorporated
    • Ford Motor Company
    • Indianapolis Air Pump Company
    • Indianapolis Pump and Tube Company
    • May Company
    • Noblitt-Sparks Industries
  • People:
    • Arvin, Richard
    • Fey, Bill
    • Fisher, Carl
    • Noblitt, Q.G.
    • Sparks, Frank

Access Status: Open

Corson, Thomas , October 29, 1980

No(s): 80-071

Physical Description: Not transcribed: 2 tapes (missing); 1 7/8 ips; 2 hours; no index; 3 newspaper articles; 7 promotional pamphlets; 1979 annual report; June 30, 1980 2nd quarter report

Scope and Content Note: Thomas Corson was born October 15, 1927. Coachman Industries was founded in 1964 by Corson and his brothers. The interview covers the history of Coachman and reasons why the Corson brothers chose to venture into the recreational vehicle industry. Also discussed is the declining sales of the nineteen eighties and how that impacted the city of Elkhart, Indiana.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • company president
  • Places:
    • Elkhart, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • recreational vehicle industry
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Coachman Industries, Incorporated

Access Status: Open

Cortwright, William H. , June 25, 1980

No(s): 80-045

Physical Description: 63 pages; 2 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 2 hours 20 minutes; index; 1963 speech; photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1911, Mr. Cortwright had an extensive career at Warner Gear. He discusses hiring practices and the demographics of employees. He also covers the manufacturing of hydraulic systems and automatic transmissions. He goes into great detail regarding production in the nineteen forties and nineteen fifties

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • company vice president
  • Places:
    • Albury, Australia
    • Australia
    • Brazil
    • Des Plaines, Illinois
    • Japan
    • Letchworth, England
    • Muncie, Indiana
    • South Africa
  • Subjects:
    • automatic transmissions
    • hydraulic systems
    • international business
    • Marvel Schebler carborator
    • postwar developments
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Borg-Warner Incorporated
    • Ford Motor Company
  • People:
    • Brown, Richard

Access Status: Open

Cox, Wilson Naylor , July 24, 1980

No(s): 80-048

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel (missing), 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour

Scope and Content Note: Born March 12, 1909, Mr. Cox recounts the story of the first strike in the nation against Columbian Enameling and Stamping Company, Inc., which led to a sympathy strike in Terre Haute, Indiana. Martial law was declared. The company eventually won its case in the U.S. Supreme Court.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Terre Haute, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • labor strikes
    • sympathy strikes
    • unions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Columbian Enameling and Stamping Company, Incorporated

Access Status: Open

Cusumano, Michael J. , November 12, 1979

No(s): 79-062

Physical Description: 47 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 2 hours; index

Scope and Content Note: Michael Cusumano was born November 12, 1917. He begins his interview with an overview of Gary, Indiana neighborhoods and his college education. He talks about the racial mixture of the city and how his job at the steel mill. He also discusses labor unions, their influence in obtaining employee benefits, and how salaried employees were effected by unions. He provides a description of his workday and how steel is produced.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • factory supervisor
  • Subjects:
    • African-American workers
    • automobile industry
    • employee benefits
    • factory productivity
    • labor force
    • metallurgy
    • metalworker strikes
    • steel production technology
    • unions
    • women workers
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • U.S. Steel Corporation

Access Status: Open

Daschke, John Wright , June 12, 1980

No(s): 80-041

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel (missing), 1 7/8 ips

Scope and Content Note: Born November 25, 1948, John Daschke has been involved in many activities. His interview is reflective of internal politics of the Paddlewheel Alliance. He discusses the structure and development of occupations at the Marble Hill nuclear site.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • political scientist
  • Places:
    • Marble Hill, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • internal politics
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Paddlewheel Allience

Access Status: Open

DeForest, Jack , April 8, 1981

No(s): 81-006

Physical Description: 41 pages; 2 cassettes, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 30 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born July 11, 1913, Jack DeForest began working for Servel in 1933. In this interview he talks about wages, the profession of welding, and early refrigeration manufacturing. He also discusses the advances in technology and the effects on Evansville, Indiana when Servel closed.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • welder
  • Places:
    • Evansville, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • acetylene welding
    • cost-plus contracts
    • defense contracts
    • labor-management relations
    • refrigerator manufacture
    • unions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Arkansas-Louisiana Gas Company
    • Republic Aviation
    • Servel Corporation
    • Tecumseh Products Company
    • Whirlpool Corporation
  • People:
    • Payne, James
    • Ruthenburg, Louis
    • Sentnor, James

Access Status: Open

Deller, Roscoe , May 23, 1980

No(s): 80-034

Physical Description: 67 pages; 2 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 2 hours 40 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Mr. Deller was born July 1, 1909. He discusses the period when farmers began using tractors in place of horses. He talks about the ways farm families were able to sustain the family and how the families were self contained. He discusses the general change in farm communities as people began to sell their land to residential developers.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • farmer
  • Places:
    • Steuben County, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • Cash crops
    • county fairs
    • custom farm work
    • farm credit
    • farming
    • farming modernization
    • Great Depression
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Pet Milk Company
    • Swenson Evaporator Company

Access Status: Open

Diekman, Robert , November 16, 1979

No(s): 79-069

Physical Description: 65 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 2 hours; index

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1922, Mr. Diekman begins his interview with a discussion of his work and the progression of his career. He focuses on environmental problems related to oil manufacturing and explains the difference between Standard Oil of Indiana and AMOCO Oil Company. He also talks about foreign oil manufacturing, labor, marketing strategies, and labor in Whiting, Indiana.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • engineer
  • Places:
    • Whiting, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • oil manufacturing technology
    • oil refining
    • labor-management relations
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AMOCO Oil Company
    • Standard Oil Company
  • People:
    • Swearingen, John

Access Status: Open

Diesslin, H.G. , December 1, 1977

No(s): 77-043

Physical Description: 50 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 2 hours, no index; pamphlet- Indiana Agriculture 1980-1985

Scope and Content Note: Mr. Diesslin was born in 1921 and begins his interview with a brief background of his youth and college experience. He discusses the influences of U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, Earl Butz on the state of Indiana. He explains the various legislative acts that helped to create the cooperative extension program. He discusses the changes within the program, the recruiting of agents, and the philosophy of the program.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • 1862 Homestead Act
    • 1862 Morrell Act
    • 1887 Hatch Act
    • 1914 Smith Lever Act
    • cooperative extension office
    • Great Depression
    • land grant institutions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Farm Foundation
    • 4-H Club
  • People:
    • Butz, Earl V.

Access Status: Open

Dortch, Carl , February 9, 1979

No(s): 79-010

Physical Description: 84 pages; 2 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 3 hours 20 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Born September 14, 1914, Mr. Dortch begins his interview with how he became involved in the Chamber of Commerce. He discusses the role of the Chamber of Commerce as well as community reaction to the Chamber of Commerce. He covers a wide range of subjects related to industries and city development.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • chamber of commerce executive director
  • Places:
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • business politics
    • early industries
    • energy sources
    • Indianapolis city development
    • industrial zoning
    • postwar economy
    • sewer system
    • track elevation
    • unions
    • urbanization
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Allison Engine Company, Incorporated
    • Elanco Animal Health
    • General Motors Corporation
    • Indiana Farm Bureau
    • Kroger Company
    • Lucas Harrell Corporation
    • Naval Avionics Center
    • United Auto Workers
  • People:
    • Book, William F.
    • Clark, Alex
    • Feeny, Al
    • Strickland, James

Access Status: Open

Doty, Betty , September 5, 1980

No(s): 80-058

Physical Description: 20 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 40 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born April 6, 1929, Betty Doty was employed at RCA for eleven and a half years. Her interview covers the employment of women in factory work. She discusses the type of work that was performed, the general treatment of women, and the benefits of working at RCA.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • factory worker
  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • employee benefits
    • women workers
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • RCA
    • Sarkes Tarzian, Incorporated

Access Status: Open

Doty, Robert , September 5, 1980

No(s): 80-057

Physical Description: 46 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 25 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Mr. Doty was born July 12, 1920. He talks of the difficulty of finding stable employment. He discusses how he came to work at RCA and his involvement in labor organizations and labor disputes. He describes the conditions at RCA as well as the employee benefits package. He talks about women and African-Americans and the positions that they held.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • African-American workers
    • electrical workers strikes
    • foreign competition
    • labor-management relations
    • unions
    • wages
    • women workers
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Local 1424
    • International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
    • National Labor Relations Board
    • RCA
    • Teamsters Union

Access Status: Open

Doup, George , July 29, 1977

No(s): 77-019

Physical Description: 66 pages; 2 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 2 hours 20 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Mr. Doup was born in 1911 and spent most of his life as a farmer. Along with farm work he served on many farmer associations. He talks about the technological changes in farming, such as the transition from horses to tractors. He talks about his roles in various farm associations, and more specifically why the Farm Bureau was established.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • agricultural technology
    • agriculture industry
    • farm associations
    • farming
    • technological changes
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Farmers Alliance
    • Indiana Farm Bureau
    • National Grange Association
    • Purdue University
  • People:
    • Anderson, Clinton
    • Benson, Ezra Taft
    • Brandon, Larry
    • Brannan, Charley
    • Butz, Earl V.
    • Freeman, Orville
    • Wickard, Claude

Access Status: Open

Eckles, Robert B. , December 1, 1977

No(s): 77-042

Physical Description: 28 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 60 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Professor Robert B. Eckles, from the history department at Purdue University, discusses his current project, examining the way Purdue University has influenced the Indiana agriculture industry over the years. He outlines the technology and research Purdue developed that has benefited Indiana farmers. He discusses the importance of the 4-H Club in training and educating young people in agriculture. He also discusses the development of the discipline of agricultural science, and how agriculture departments in universities have helped advance farming techniques in the United States.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • history professor
  • Subjects:
    • agricultural education
    • agricultural technology
    • agriculture curriculum
    • agriculture history
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • 4-H Club
    • Purdue University
  • People:
    • Potter, Andre

Access Status: Open

Edington, Merle , October 20, 1978

No(s): 78-042

Physical Description: 60 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 120 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Merle Edington, born December 28, 1916, speaks of Indiana business, especially the limestone industry. His father worked in the limestone industry, and as the Bedford Chamber of Commerce president, Mr. Edington has also worked closely with businesses in the limestone industry. Mr. Edington outlines his educations background and work history, mostly as a salesperson for several businesses. Mr. Edington also describes the purpose of the Bedford Chamber of Commerce, its operational procedures, and some of the projects it has initiated towards city development. Mr. Edington analyses the effects of the Great Depression on the limestone industry in southern Indiana. He describes his efforts to promote tourism in Bedford, Indiana and speaks of the Bedford Limestone Museum, which was still in the development stage at the time of the interview (it was ultimately abandoned). Mr. Edington also outlines how the Bedford Chamber of Commerce cooperates with out of town businesses to generate revenue for Bedford based businesses.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • chamber of commerce president
    • salesperson
  • Places:
    • Bedford, Indiana
    • Bloomington, Indiana
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • Bedford city development
    • Great Depression
    • industrial development
    • limestone industry
    • limestone mills
    • limestone quarries
    • tourism industry
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Bedford Chamber of Commerce
    • Bedford Limestone Museum
    • Consolidated Stone Company
    • Indiana University
    • Indianapolis Chemical Company
    • Kroger Company
    • United States Marine Corps
  • People:
    • Elliott, David

Access Status: Open

Elliott, E. Donald , April 8, 1981

No(s): 81-005

Physical Description: 34 pages; 2 cassettes, 1 7/8 ips, 85 minutes; no index; photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: E. Donald Elliott discusses his role as vice president for Mead Johnson and Company. He outlines the governmental regulations that control the pharmaceuticals industry. He discusses current products of the company and the products the company is currently researching. He talks about his management style and the procedures he has implemented in the factory to make manufacturing operate more smoothly. He talks about the Mead Johnson Institute and the Mead Johnson Foundation, which provides classes for the community and healthcare professionals, and provides funds for community projects, which he feels helps create goodwill in the community for Mead Johnson and Company. Finally, he describes the advantages and disadvantages of being a family-owned and family controlled business.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • company vice president
  • Places:
    • Evansville, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • family business
    • labor-management relations
    • pharmaceutical industry
    • pharmaceutical research
    • product development
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Chrysler Corporation
    • Mead Johnson and Company
    • Mead Johnson Foundation
    • Mead Johnson Institute
    • Servel Corporation
  • Family Names:
    • Johnson
  • People:
    • Johnson, Lambert, Jr.
    • Johnson, Lambert, Sr.
    • Reuthenburg, Louis

Access Status: Open

Fabian, Daniel J. , November 14, 1979, November 28, 1979

No(s): 79-066

Physical Description: 65 pages; 2 reels; 4.7 cps; 3 hours 20 minutes, no index

Scope and Content Note: Daniel Fabian, born March 17, 1915, discusses family, work, and community life in East Chicago, Indiana. He discusses how he came to work at Inland Steel, hiring practices, technology changes, and the labor force. He goes on to discuss the problems that arose when women began working at the mills.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • factory superintendent
  • Places:
    • East Chicago, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • African-American workers
    • automobile industry
    • cost-plus contracts
    • labor management
    • market changes
    • metalworker strikes
    • mini-mills
    • railroads
    • structural steel
    • technological changes
    • women workers
    • work quality
    • World War I
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Bethlehem Steel Corporation
    • Indiana Harbor Works
    • National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts
    • U.S. Steel Corporation
  • Family Names:
    • Blocks

Access Status: Open

Fink, Austin , March 1, 1979

No(s): 79-016

Physical Description: 30 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips; 1 hour 10 minutes, no index

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1919, Mr. Fink discusses Westinghouse, located in Bloomington, Indiana on Curry Pike. He also talks about the organization of the company and the local economy. He goes on to discuss the customers of Westinghouse and the economic impact the company had on the city.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • quality assurance manager
  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • electrical worker strikes
    • unions
    • workforce
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Power Systems Company
    • Westinghouse Corporation

Access Status: Open

Freeman, Verne C. , December 2, 1977

No(s): 77-046

Physical Description: 47 pages; 1 reel; 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 50 minutes; photograph of interviewee; no index; speech "Our Agricultural Heritage"

Scope and Content Note: Born December 25, 1900, Mr. Freeman talks about early life on the farm and his educational background. He discusses the development and structure of agricultural studies along with the agricultural curriculum at Purdue University. He discusses the changes within agricultural studies at Purdue and county fairs.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Corvallis, Oregon
  • Subjects:
    • agricultural education
    • agricultural legislation
    • agriculture
    • family life
    • farm equipment
    • Farmers Institute Program
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Land Grant College Association
    • National Grange Association
    • Purdue University
    • W.K. Kellogg Foundation
  • People:
    • Butz, Earl V.

Access Status: Open

Gahm, Dwight , January 28, 1980

No(s): 80-007

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour

Scope and Content Note: Dwight Gahm, born on March 11, 1919, was the president of Kitchen Kompact, Inc. The company is known as the largest kitchen cabinet factory in the world. He discusses assembly line production, and compares traditional woodworking with the products of the assembly line.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • company president
  • Subjects:
    • assembly line production
    • cabinet manufacture
    • traditional woodworking
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Kitchen Kompact, Incorporated

Access Status: Open

Gaiser, Gary , January 17, 1979

No(s): 79-003

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour

Scope and Content Note: Gary Gaiser discusses various aspects of the limestone industry.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • limestone industry
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana Limestone Company

Access Status: Open

Gardner, Rod , February 6, 1981

No(s): 81-001

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 2 cassettes, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 15 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Rod Gardner, born July 26, 1927, discusses the history of Carpenter Body Works, a bus manufacturing company. He outlines his career with the company. He also discusses the products produced, the changes in how buses are built, and unions.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • factory manager
  • Places:
    • Mitchell, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • labor strikes
    • marketing
    • school bus manufacture
    • unions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Carpenter Body Works, Incorporated
  • Family Names:
    • Podrill

Access Status: Open

Godsey, Frank H.; Godsey, Lucille , August 27, 1980

No(s): 80-055

Physical Description: 35 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 15 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Frank and Lucille Godsey are interviewed regarding the Showers Brother Furniture Company. Frank worked in the plant, and Lucille was a secretary. This interview covers the the Great Depression and how the Showers Brothers Furniture Company survived through it, as well as describing the items Showers Brothers manufactured.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Bloomfield, Indiana
    • Bloomington, Indiana
    • Burlington, Iowa
  • Occupations:
    • factory manager
    • secretary
  • Subjects:
    • depreciation
    • family business
    • furniture industry
    • glass basketball backboards
    • Great Depression
    • working conditions
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Sears, Roebuck and Company
    • Showers Brothers Furniture Company
    • Montgomery Ward
  • Family Names:
    • Showers
  • People:
    • Burnett, Guy
    • Estil, Roy

Access Status: Open

Goldthwaite, John L. , March 9, 1979

No(s): 79-021

Physical Description: 55 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 135 minutes; index; photograph of interveiwee

Scope and Content Note: John L. Goldthwaite discusses glass manufacturing. He was employed at the MacBeth-Evans Glass Company in Marion, Indiana for many years. He discusses the products they produced, and the different methods of making them. He discusses the techniques for producing color-tinted and clear glass. He describes the hand-blowing process and the changes in technology that lead to paste molds, despite the conservative nature of the glass industry. He also outlines the decline in business at the MacBeth-Evans Glass Company that led to its closing in the early 1930s.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Louisiana
    • Marion, Indiana
    • Ottawa, Illinois
    • West Virginia
  • Occupations:
    • assistant chief engineer
  • Subjects:
    • hand-blown glass
    • glass blowing
    • glass manufacture
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • American Window Glass Company
    • MacBeth-Evans Glass Company
  • Family Names:
    • Ball
  • People:
    • Owens, Michael

Access Status: Open

Goldthwaite, John L. , March 9, 1979, March 13, 1979, March 20, 1979, March 27, 1979, April 5, 1979

No(s): 79-022

Physical Description: 210 pages; 6 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 9 hours; no index; photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: John Goldthwaite provides an in-depth background on Allison Engine Company, Incorporated and describes the variety of engines that the company produced from 1927 to 1960. He talks a great deal about the expansion of the company and the involvement of the Allison family in the business. Other topics discussed include community relations, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, and noise pollution.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • engineer
  • Places:
    • Dayton, Ohio
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • 1936 New York World's Fair
    • African-American workers
    • Allison Liberty engine
    • assembly line production
    • cost-plus contracts
    • electricity production
    • engine manufacturing
    • environmental pollution
    • factory expansion
    • government regulations
    • Great Depression
    • internal competition
    • international sales
    • Jim Crow laws
    • job shop production
    • job training
    • light bulbs
    • machinist
    • model shops
    • occupational safety
    • postwar production
    • profit margin
    • racial discrimination
    • savings bonds
    • skilled labor
    • subcontracting
    • technological changes
    • unions
    • unskilled labor
    • women workers
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AC Sparkplug Company
    • Aero Products Company
    • Allison Engine Company, Incorporated
    • Austin Company of Cleveland
    • Barbasol Company
    • Bausch & Lomb
    • Chevrolet
    • Chicago Museum of Science and Industry
    • Continental Engine Company
    • Curtiss-Wright Corporation
    • Delco Remy International, Incorporated
    • Delta Electric Company
    • Electric Boat Company
    • Electromotive Corporation
    • Excello Company
    • Frigidaire
    • General Electric Company
    • General Motors Corporation
    • Indianapolis Motor Speedway
    • Johns Manville Corporation
    • Kelsey-Hayes Company
    • Letourneau, Incorporated
    • MacBeth-Evans Glass Company
    • Marmon Motor Car Company
    • National Forge and Ordinance
    • National Motor Car Company
    • North American Aviation
    • Osram Sylvania, Incorporated
    • Packard Motor Car Company
    • Reconstruction Finance Corporation
    • Seversky Airplane Company
    • Simonds Saw Company
    • Thompson Products
    • United Auto Workers
    • United States. Navy
    • Westinghouse Corporation
    • Winton Engine
    • Wright Aeronautical Corporation
    • Zeppelin Corporation
  • Family Names:
    • Allison
    • Rosenwald
  • People:
    • Aitken, Johnny
    • Allison, James
    • Bean, Morris
    • Berlin, Don
    • Chennault, Claire
    • Fisher, Carl
    • Gilman, Norman H.
    • Goldwaite, George
    • Kettering, Charles F.
    • Kroeger, Fred
    • Kruner, O.T.
    • Newill, Ed
    • Rickenbacker, Eddie
    • Rose, Gaurie
    • Seversky, Alexander
    • Whitmore, John
    • Wilson, C.E.

Access Status: Open

Gray, Carl , April 12, 1979

No(s): 79-029

Physical Description: 60 pages; 1 reel; 1 7/7 ips, 2 hours 25 minutes, no index

Scope and Content Note: Mr. Gray, born on September 3, 1895, discusses his experiences in the coal mining industry in the United States and abroad. He describes the coal mining industry in Indiana, discussing the methods used to mine, the regulations that governed the companies, and the uses for the coal. He compares the coal mining industry in Indiana and the United States with mining industries internationally, in Great Britain, Wales and Australia.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • attorney
  • Places:
    • Ayrshire, Indiana
    • Beaver Dam, Kentucky
    • Blackburn, Indiana
    • Hartford, Kentucky
    • Pike County, Indiana
    • Whitley County, Kentucky
    • Zanesville, Ohio
  • Subjects:
    • apprenticeship
    • coal industry
    • coal mining strikes
    • coal prices
    • domestic mines
    • environmental legislation
    • industry regulations
    • land reclamation
    • New Deal
    • shaft mining
    • strip mining
    • unions
    • wage negotiations
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AMAX Coal Company
    • Enos Coal Company
    • Old Ben Mine
    • Patoka Coal Company
    • S.W. Little Coal Company
    • Saxton Coal Corporation
    • Sir John Jackson United
    • Twentieth Century Coal Company
    • Winslow Coal Corporation
  • Family Names:
    • Engle
    • Ferguson
    • Little
    • McCleavey
    • Shirewoods
  • People:
    • Goodrich, James Putnam
    • Lewis, John L.
    • Marmon, Jeff
    • Schricker, Henry F.

Access Status: Open

Greenaymer, John K. , May 22, 1980

No(s): 80-032

Physical Description: 22 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 20 minutes; not indexed; photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Born July 26, 1945, Mr. Greenaymer talks of his early life and how his father got into farming. He also talks about his first jobs and what he did to supplement his farming income. He discusses the responsibilities and jobs that were done on the farm. He talks about reasons for staying in farming as well as the problems in farming.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Angola, Indiana
    • Ashley, Indiana
    • Metz, Indiana
  • Occupations:
    • farmer
    • teacher
  • Subjects:
    • corn farming
    • farming
    • small scale farming

Access Status: Open

Grigsby, Holbert H. "Jake" , September 18, 1979

No(s): 79-055

Physical Description: 31 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 15 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Holbert Grigsby, born July 30, 1902, begins by discussing his early life, his parents and their occupations. He outlines the areas of French Lick, Indiana, and West Baden Springs, Indiana, emphasizing the importance of the resort hotel and gambling industries.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • hotel worker
  • Places:
    • French Lick, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • celebrities
    • gambling industry
    • Great Depression
    • Pluto Water
    • resort hotels
    • Sprudel Water
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • American Circus Corporation
    • French Lick Springs Hotel
    • Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus
    • West Baden Springs Hotel
  • People:
    • Ballard, Edward
    • Jardin, William
    • Lane, Perry
    • Palmer, Edward
    • Schwyer, Emil
    • Taggart, Thomas
    • Thacker, Elmer

Access Status: Open

Grolimund, Joseph Sr. , October 15, 1980

No(s): 80-065

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 2 cassettes (missing), 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 30 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Mr. Grolimund discusses the band instrument industry in Elkhart, Indiana. The acquisition of early instrument plants is discussed, however the interview doesn't detail the actual manufacturing of instruments.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Elkhart, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • musical instrument industry
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • C.G. Conn Incorporated
    • Selmer Corporation
  • People:
    • Bundy, George
    • Greenleaf, C.D.

Access Status: Open

Gromer, Fred , September 18, 1979

No(s): 79-056

Physical Description: 27 pages; 1 reel; 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour, no index

Scope and Content Note: Fred Gromer, born May 26, 1892 in Orange County, Indiana talks about his childhood and career in the railroad industry. He discusses the technical details of the routes trains travelled, their engines, and connections. He speaks of the Great Depression and the proliferation of hoboes riding the trains. He also discusses the effects of the trucking industry on the operations of railroads.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • ticket agent
  • Places:
    • French Lick, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • freight transportation
    • Great Depression
    • hoboes
    • railroad workers
    • railroads
    • ticket prices
    • trucking industry
    • unions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • French Lick Springs Hotel
    • Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus
    • Monon Railroad
    • West Baden Springs Hotel

Conditions Governing Access: Open

Haley, Harold , November 6, 1978

No(s): 78-045

Physical Description: 30 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour, no index

Scope and Content Note: Born in Bedford, Indiana in 1927, Harold Haley talks about growing up around the stone quarries. His career in the limestone industry began at the age of 14 or 15. He provides details of what a limestone sawyer does and the work that was done in limestone during World War II. He talks about the projects that he was involved in and the change in the limestone industry.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • stonecutter
  • Places:
    • Bedford, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • apprenticeship
    • labor-management relations
    • limestone industry
    • occupational safety
    • saws
    • stonecutting
    • technology
    • trade schools
    • wages
    • wartime production
    • working conditions
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • McMillan Mill

Access Status: Open

Hansen, Donald , August 21, 1980

No(s): 80-052

Physical Description: 16 pages; 1 reel (missing), 1 7/8 ips, 45 minutes; partial video of interview, master and duplicate, no index

Scope and Content Note: Donald Hansen, born May 2, 1909, discusses the economic impact of the manufacturing industry on Bloomington. Indiana, focusing on the Showers Brothers Furniture Company and RCA. He speaks of his life and educational background that led to his employment in the banking industry. He discusses the public works the companies and other aspects of the relationship Showers Brother and RCA had with the city of Bloomington.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • banker
  • Subjects:
    • family business
    • Southern competition
    • wages
    • women workers
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Bloomington Advancement Association
    • Citizens Loan and Trust Company
    • First National Bank of Chicago
    • Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane Division
    • Nurre Caxton
    • RCA
    • Showers Brothers Furniture Company
    • Westinghouse Corporation
  • People:
    • Wells, Herman B

Access Status: Open

Hardy, Charles F. , May 27, 1981

No(s): 81-008

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 2 cassettes (missing); 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 15 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Mr. Hardy discusses the Delco-Remy plant in Anderson, Indiana. Major topics are war-time production, labor-management relationship, employment level, and political campaign contributions. Also discussed are the benefits and disadvantages of having the plant located in Anderson, Indiana.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Anderson, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • automobile industry
    • cost-plus contracts
    • customers
    • labor-management relations
    • unions
    • wartime production
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Delco Remy International, Incorporated

Access Status: Open

Harrington, John H. , February 28, 1980

No(s): 80-014

Physical Description: 48 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 1 hour 40 minutes, no index

Scope and Content Note: Born February 24, 1906, Mr. Harrington talks about his early employment and working conditions. He talks about the need for unions and the time that Studebaker went into receivership. There is a brief mention of the Great Depression and how the company helped families out at this time. Other topics focused on are mergers and unions.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • African-American workers
    • Communism
    • defense contracts
    • employee attitudes
    • Great Depression
    • minority employment
    • paternalism
    • piecework
    • receivership
    • unions
    • working conditions
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Curtiss-Wright Corporation
    • Packard Motor Car Company
    • Studebaker Corporation
  • People:
    • Churchill, Harold E.
    • Hoffman, Paul G.
    • Loewy, Raymond
    • Nance, James J.

Access Status: Open

Hartswick, Joseph H. , March 14, 1978

No(s): 79-024

Physical Description: 44 pages; 1 reel 1 7/8, 1 hour 45 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Mr. Hartswick talks about his childhood and educational background. After graduating from Penn State he worked for the railroad, and later for Westinghouse. He provides information on the history of Westinghouse, and when and why the company moved to Bloomington, Indiana. He also gives information on the products Westinghouse manufactured. He also speaks of industrial development in general in Bloomington, Indiana

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • design engineer
  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
    • East Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Subjects:
    • business incentives
    • employee activity programs
    • engineering
    • factory expansion
    • industrial development
    • industrial relations
    • labor climate
    • layoffs
    • manufacturing design change
    • rehires
    • unionization
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Allis-Chalmers Company
    • Association of Westinghouse Salaried Employees
    • International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
    • Osram Sylvania, Incorporated
    • RCA
    • Sarkes Tarzian, Incorporated
    • United Electrical Workers
    • Westinghouse Corporation

Access Status: Open

Hawkins, Lloyd , January 30, 1979

No(s): 79-007

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 45 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Lloyd Hawkins, born in 1919, discusses his experiences with the Otis Elevator Company in Bloomington, Indiana.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Otis Elevator Company

Access Status: Open

Hayes, Alfred H. , November 16, 1979

No(s): 79-068

Physical Description: 29 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 60 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1906, Alfred H. Hayes worked at Standard Oil's Whiting, Indiana, refinery for much of his career, initially as a chemical engineer in the research department. He discusses the various means of processing gasoline and the war production that went into effect at the refinery during World War II. He comments on the profitability improvement program put into effect at Standard Oil, resulting in the elimination of the candleworks and many jobs over time. Mr. Hayes also speaks extensively of the 1955 Standard Oil explosion and fire, and the increased safety measures that were enacted in the wake of the fire.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • chemical engineer
  • Places:
    • Whiting, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • 1955 Standard Oil fire
    • catalytic cracking process
    • gasoline processing
    • isooctane production
    • platinum reforming process
    • profitability improvement program
    • public relations
    • refinery research
    • toulene production
    • unions
    • wartime production
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AMOCO
    • Central States Petroleum Union
    • CIO
    • Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers Union
    • Standard Oil Company
    • Whiting Candleworks
  • People:
    • Swearingen, John

Access Status: Open

Haynes, William B. , September 22, 1977

No(s): 77-025

Physical Description: 36 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 15 minutes, indexed

Scope and Content Note: Mr. Haynes, born on January 31, 1926, discusses his career as an African-American architect. He discusses his initial difficulties in finding employment because of racial discimination. He was finally employed at Indiana University where he eventually became Assistant University Architect. He discusses the structure and procedures at the University Architect's office and describes some of the projects he worked on. He then went to work as the head architect to the CIT Financial Corporation, where he was required to travel. After a few years he settled back in Bloomington, Indiana and started his own architectural firm. He discusses some of the projects they worked on, like the Stone Belt Center and the animal shelter. He also touches upon methods of attracting clients and the costs of building materials and other contractors.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • architect
  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • client satisfaction
    • commercial construction
    • conservation
    • Indiana architecture
    • labor cost
    • material costs
    • profit margin
    • racial discrimination
    • residential construction
    • stone belt
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • CIT Financial Corporation
    • Dunn Memorial Hospital
    • Moon Freight Lines
    • Ralph Rogers Company
    • South-Central Mental Health Foundation
    • Stone Belt Center
  • People:
    • Tabor, Bill

Access Status: Open

Henderson, Robert E. , January 17, 1980

No(s): 80-006

Physical Description: 46 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 80 minutes; no index; interviewee's resume

Scope and Content Note: Born on February 28, 1925, Robert E. Henderson discusses his work and beliefs in the research and development of alternative fuels and sources of energy in Indiana. Extensively trained in physics, he discusses the practicality of various sources of energy, including solar and nuclear energy, and the technological developments that have emerged relating to the application of such alternatives. Mr. Henderson also speaks of his work with the Indianapolis Center For Advanced Research, or ICFAR, and the reasons why solar energy has not been widely accepted and utilized in Indiana.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • physicist
  • Places:
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • alternative energy sources
    • annual cycle energy system
    • applied technology
    • conservation
    • Experimental Reflector Orbital Shot
    • government funding
    • medical technology
    • natural gas
    • research funding
    • solar energy
    • Sterling Engine Project
    • technological changes
    • ultrasound
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Allison Engine Company, Incorporated
    • Atomic Energy Commission
    • General Motors Corporation
    • Indiana University
    • Indianapolis Center For Advanced Research
    • Medi-Scan
    • Showalter Residuary Trust
    • U.S. Department of Energy
  • People:
    • Daniels, Farington
    • Kyes, Roger

Access Status: Open

Henry, Frank E. , November 13, 1979

No(s): 79-065

Physical Description: 32 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 110 minutes; index; xeroxed photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Frank E. Henry, born on September 28, 1884, discusses his family and his status as an original employee of U.S. Steel. He speaks of his employment history, emphasizing his years living and working in the community of Gary, Indiana. Mr. Henry speaks of technological innovations in the creation and processing of steel, as well as the impact of labor unions, World War I, and World War II on employment in the Gary Works of U.S. Steel Corporation.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Gary, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • Great Depression
    • open annealing furnace
    • racial diversity
    • unions
    • World War I
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Gary Sheet and Tin Mill
    • U.S. Steel Corporation
    • U.S. Steel Corporation Gary Works
    • Vandergrift Mill
  • People:
    • Gary, Elbert H.

Access Status: Open

Hilst, A.R. , January 10, 1978

No(s): 78-004

Physical Description: 47 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 110 minutes; no index; interviewee's resume, Purdue University School of Agriculture pamphlet, World War II Purdue University School of Agriculture program requirements

Scope and Content Note: Born on June 1, 1924, A.R. Hilst discusses his family and youth in rural Illinois, and focuses on his career as an agronomy and agriculture professor at the Purdue University School of Agriculture. He speaks of his experiences during World War II, the public's growing concern with the possible negative effects of the practical application of chemicals, including herbicides, and the increase in research on pollution and environmental conservation. He emphasizes the growth and high quality of the program and curriculum offered at Purdue's School of Agriculture, as well as the slowly increasing diversity of students enrolled there.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • agronomy professor
  • Places:
    • Pekin, Illinois
  • Subjects:
    • African-American students
    • agriculture curriculum
    • agronomy
    • associate degrees
    • atomic bomb
    • curriculum flexibility
    • federal funding
    • food production study
    • herbicides
    • industry cooperative program
    • Indiana University regional campuses
    • land grant institutions
    • pollution research
    • student enrollment
    • Two-Four-D
    • women students
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Council on Agricultural Science and Technology
    • Purdue University
    • Purdue University School of Agriculture
    • Texas A&M University

Access Status: Open

Holmes, Clayton , September 27, 1978

No(s): 78-030

Physical Description: 40 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 110 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Clayton Holmes, born on June 8, 1924, discusses his career in the Indiana limestone industry, culminating in his position as general manager of Independent Limestone Company. He speaks of the impact of the Great Depression and World War II on the limestone industry, the cost efficiency of limestone as opposed to other building materials, and of his pride in the Washington, DC Cathedral Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, which was built almost entirely of Indiana limestone. In addition, Mr. Holmes comments on the different grades of limestone, the relationship between management and labor at the quarries, and the departmental organization of the company.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Bedford, Indiana
    • Bloomington, Indiana
    • Lawrence County, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • company structure
    • employee turnover
    • Great Depression
    • ledge foremen
    • limestone cost
    • limestone grades
    • limestone industry
    • limestone quarries
    • limestone transportation
    • limestone worker strikes
    • unions
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Cathedral Church of St. Peter and St. Paul
    • Indiana Limestone Company
    • Indiana Limestone Promotional Trust Fund
    • Independent Limestone Company
  • Family Names:
    • Norton
  • People:
    • Norton, Frederick
    • Norton, Spencer
    • Ray, Jessey

Access Status: Open

Huffman, Harry V. , March 2, 1979

No(s): 79-019

Physical Description: 32 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 90 minutes; no index; Citizens Gas & Coke Utility annual report and collateral information, copy of the Indiana Code of 1971

Scope and Content Note: Harry V. Huffman discusses the evolution and uniqueness of the Citizens Gas & Coke Utility in Indianapolis, Indiana. A public charitable trust, this company provided gas to Indianapolis residents at cost. Mr. Huffman also comments on the Indiana corporation legal codes that resulted in the utility company, as well as on the vagaries of coke manufacture and gas distribution, especially during the energy crisis of the nineteen seventies.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • coal quality
    • coke manufacture
    • energy crisis
    • gas costs
    • gas distribution
    • Indiana corporate law
    • public charitable trusts
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Citizens Gas and Coke Utility
    • Consumers Gas Trust Company
  • People:
    • Clifford, Austin

Access Status: Open

Hughes, Frances E. , July 16, 1979

No(s): 79-043

Physical Description: 40 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 1 hour 15 minutes; no index; photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Born May 20, 1907, Frances Hughes discusses her forty-one years in the newspaper business. She talks about the local newspapers of Terre Haute, Indiana, how they were politically backed, and the merging of newspapers.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • journalist
  • Places:
    • Terre Haute, Indiana
    • Race relations
  • Subjects:
    • 1935 general strike
    • ethnic population
    • newspaper business
    • pay equity
    • prostitution
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Coca-Cola Bottling Company
    • Hulman Foundation
    • Indiana State University
    • Owens-Illinois, Incorporated
    • Pfizer, Incorporated
    • Root Glass Factory
    • Rose Polytechnic Institute
    • Saint Mary-of-the-Woods College
    • Saturday Spectator
    • Terre Haute Post
    • Scripps Howard Foundation
    • Terre Haute Tribune
  • Family Names:
    • Hulman
    • Keifer
    • Root
  • People:
    • Blumbuerg, Ben
    • Cloutier, Joseph R.
    • Fischer, Alice
    • Hulman, Anton J., Jr. "Tony"
    • Kussner, Amalia
    • Melville, Rose
    • Meyers, Ernestine
    • Nation, Fred
    • Rose, Chauncey
    • St. Denis, Janet Ruth
    • Shaw, Ted
    • Suratt, Velesca

Access Status: Open

Hupp, George C. , February 29, 1980

No(s): 80-015

Physical Description: 78 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 120 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1912, George C. Hupp details his years as an employee of the Studebaker Corporation in South Bend, Indiana, and as an active member and leader of the local union, United Auto Workers Local #5. After commenting on his youth, parents, and education, Mr. Hupp describes how he paid bills during the Great Depression, the steady increase of wages over time, and the slow improvement of working conditions. In addition, he talks extensively of union matters, including membership fluctuations, union strong-arming and violence, and grievance procedures. He describes the communist infiltration of the nineteen forties and nineteen fifties, as well as the entrance of female and African-American workers.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • auto worker
  • Places:
    • South Bend, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • African-American workers
    • assembly line production
    • auto worker strikes
    • Communists
    • controlled piecework
    • cost-plus contracts
    • diversity
    • employee attitudes
    • Great Depression
    • grievance procedure
    • pension plans
    • racial discrimination
    • seniority
    • union membership
    • union violence
    • unions
    • wages
    • women workers
    • work ethic
    • working conditions
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AFL
    • Curtiss-Wright Corporation
    • Studebaker Corporation
    • Studebaker-Packard Corporation
    • United Auto Workers
    • United Auto Workers, Local 5
  • People:
    • Fowler, Burt
    • Gundeck, Walter
    • Hoffman, Paul G.
    • Mulrine, Fred
    • Reuther, Walter Phillip
    • Woods, Forrest

Access Status: Open

Hutchison, Harold C. , October 21, 1977

No(s): 77-031

Physical Description: 17 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 40 minutes, no index

Scope and Content Note: Mr. Hutchison, born January 5, 1925, outlines his family history and educational background. He talks about methods of mining and the reasons for strip mining versus underground mining. He provides information on the number of people working in coal mining, mining's supporting industries, and the impact of coal mining on the environment.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Clay County, Indiana
    • Daviess County, Indiana
    • Fountain County, Indiana
    • Gibson County, Indiana
    • Greene County, Indiana
    • Knox County, Indiana
    • Parke County, Indiana
    • Perry County, Indiana
    • Pike County, Indiana
    • Povey, Indiana
    • Spencer, Indiana
    • Sullivan County, Indiana
    • Vigo County, Indiana
    • Warren County, Indiana
    • Warrick County, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • coal mining
    • coal reserves
    • environmental concerns
    • land reclamation
    • mining equipment
    • occupational safety
    • strip mining
    • supporting industries
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AMAX Coal Company
    • Coal Operators Association
    • Consolidated Coal Company
    • Greene-Sullivan State Forest
    • Old Ben Coal Corporation
    • Peabody Coal Company
    • Sierra Club

Access Status: Open

Ira, William , November 13, 1978

No(s): 78-047

Physical Description: 19 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour; no index

Scope and Content Note: Mr. Ira, born May 5, 1929, provides a general background apprenticeship in the limestone industry. He discusses what a limestone cutter does and the changes that had taken place in the nineteen forties and nineteen fifties He gives his opinion as to what changes should be made for the continuation of the industry and briefly discusses the involvement of unions.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • stonecutter
  • Places:
    • Bedford, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • craftwork
    • Great Depression
    • journeymen
    • limestone industry
    • mill work
    • unions
    • skilled labor
    • stonecarving
    • stonecutting
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Engle Stone Company
    • Indiana Limestone Company
    • Journeymen Stonecutters Union

Access Status: Open

Jacko, Robert B. , January 10, 1978

No(s): 78-005

Physical Description: 40 pages; 1 reel; 1 7/8 ips; 1 hour 35 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Mr. Jacko discusses environmental engineering and how environmental control effects economics and the quality of life. He also discusses the economics of keeping air and water clean.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • environmental engineering professor
  • Places:
    • Bicknell, Indiana
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
    • Michigan City, Indiana
    • Newburgh, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • air quality
    • cancer research
    • energy demands
    • environmental regulations
    • environmental testing
    • nuclear power plants
    • pollution studies
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Breed Power Station
    • Federal Power Commission
    • Hoosier Energy
    • Indiana and Michigan Electric Company
    • Indiana Electric Association
    • Indianapolis Power and Light Company
    • National Science Foundation (U.S.)
    • NIPSCO
    • Public Service Edwardsport Plant
    • Southern Indiana Gas and Electric Company
    • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • People:
    • Orr, Robert D., 1917-2004

Access Status: Open

Jourdan, Jack , August 14, 1979

No(s): 79-050

Physical Description: 35 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 95 minutes; index; 20 articles by interviewee, Certificate of Recognition for Sit-Down Strike, memoir of interviewee, 2 handwritten copies of Desiderata

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1912, Jack Jourdan discusses his youth, family, employment history, and the dangers of coal mining, as evidenced by the deaths of his father and two uncles in that profession. Mr. Jourdan focuses on his personal recollections of the sit-down strike at the Guide Lamp division of the General Motors Corporation in 1937. He speaks of the surrounding violence between union and anti-union workers. He also comments on working conditions, the point system, and wages at Guide Lamp.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • auto worker
  • Places:
    • Anderson, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • 1937 sit-down strike
    • African-American workers
    • baseball
    • coal mining
    • company baseball teams
    • point system
    • racial discrimination
    • union violence
    • wages
    • working conditions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • General Motors Corporation
    • General Motors Guide Lamp Division
    • United Auto Workers
  • People:
    • Heaton, Earl
    • Reuther, Sophie Good
    • Reuther, Victor
    • Wallace, Ben

Access Status: Open

Keckich, John A. , November 20, 1979

No(s): 79-071

Physical Description: 42 pages; 2 reels, 4.7 cps, 140 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: John A. Keckich, born on January 29, 1910, describes his Yugoslav immigrant parents, his youth in Whiting, Indiana, and his participation in an industrial football league, which led to an employment offer at Inland Steel. He discusses the community of Whiting, including its ethnic diversity and segregation, discrimination against minorities, and the intensely close and generally positive relationship between local industry and the community. Mr. Keckich comments on labor relations, technological improvements over the years, and the impact of these innovations on steel production throughout the world.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Whiting, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • computerization
    • cost-plus contracts
    • discrimination
    • Education
    • employee attitudes
    • Equal Employment Opportunity
    • ethnic diversity
    • ethnic segregation
    • Fourth of July
    • galvanized steel
    • Great Depression
    • grievance procedure
    • industrial football league
    • labor-management relations
    • steel production
    • technological changes
    • unions
    • women workers
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Inland Steel Company
    • Standard Oil Company
    • United Steel Workers

Access Status: Open

Kirkman, Ralph , January 18, 1979

No(s): 79-006

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 90 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1907, Ralph Kirkman discusses the limestone industry in Indiana, as well as his experiences working in the limestone quarries.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • limestone industry
    • limestone quarries

Access Status: Open

Kohls, Richard L. , January 9, 1978

No(s): 78-002

Physical Description: 38 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 90 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1921, Richard L. Kohls, the Dean of Agriculture at Purdue University, discusses agriculture in Indiana and the agriculture curriculum at Purdue University. He speaks of the teaching vs. research debate, and the equal value he places on each. Mr. Kohls comments on the increased diversity in student enrollment in the School of Agriculture, as well as the impact on the program of state politics and relations with the federal government.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • school of agriculture dean
  • Subjects:
    • African-Americans
    • agriculture
    • agriculture curriculum
    • Farm Science Days
    • federal government
    • land grant institutions
    • state politics
    • student enrollment
    • teaching vs. research debate
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Farmers Union
    • Indiana State Agricultural Experiment Station
    • Purdue University
    • Purdue University School of Agriculture
    • U.S. Department of Agriculture
  • People:
    • Butz, Earl V.

Access Status: Open

LaGrange, Wayne , January 15, 1980

No(s): 80-005

Physical Description: 41 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 85 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Wayne LaGrange, born on November 23, 1932, discusses his employment history, including time spent as a barber, a welder, and a steel fitter. Mr. LaGrange focuses on his years at Jeffboat, Incorporated, the building of barges, and the effects of economic fluctuations on business. He also speaks of his experiences with labor unions, including the fact that there were never cost of living clauses in his company's contracts due to the need to remain competitive while bidding for jobs.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • steel fitter
    • welder
  • Subjects:
    • 1984 Longshore and Harbor Workers Compensation Act
    • barge manufacture
    • economic fluctuations
    • Mississippi Queen
    • steelworker strikes
    • unions
    • worker's compensation
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • American Commercial Barge Line
    • Jeffboat, Incorporated
    • Teamsters Union
    • Texas Gas Transmission
  • People:
    • Ney, Wes

Access Status: Open

Land, George W. , February 10, 1978

No(s): 78-008

Physical Description: 67 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 130 minutes; no index; photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: George W. Land, born in November of 1914, discusses his youth in Illinois and his employment as the director of market research at AMAX Coal Company. He speaks extensively about the coal industry, including mining, refining, usage, quality, and the reclamation of mined land. Mr. Land also comments on the wisdom and likely impact of various environmental legislation regarding the coal industry. He clarifies the differences in method, equipment, cost, and availability between surface and underground mining.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • market research director
  • Subjects:
    • coal gasification
    • coal industry
    • coal liquefaction
    • coal mining
    • coal quality
    • coal scrubbing
    • Education
    • environmental legislation
    • labor strikes
    • land reclamation
    • market research
    • oil industry
    • pollution
    • Soil Analysis Profile Program
    • unions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AMAX Coal Company
    • Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Access Status: Open

Landrey, Ralph , May 16, 1979

No(s): 79-039

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 120 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Born on May 20, 1903, Ralph Landrey, a retired engineer, discusses the coal and oil industries in Indiana. He also speaks of conflict between unions and management in these industries.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • engineer
  • Subjects:
    • coal industry
    • oil industry
    • strip mining
    • unions

Access Status: Open

Leffler, John D. , August 22, 1980

No(s): 80-053

Physical Description: 29 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 60 minutes; partial video of interview, master and duplicate; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born on July 7, 1917, John D. Leffler discusses his years employed as an RCA merchandise traffic manager. He comments on the shipping and distribution of products, as well as the size and capacity of various warehouses with regard to inventory. Mr. Leffler also speaks of the impact the introduction of computers has had on RCA shipping and distribution.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • RCA traffic manager
  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • computerization
    • grab trucks
    • inventory size
    • warehouses
    • product shipping
    • trucking deregulation
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Griffith Motor Express
    • RCA
  • People:
    • Riley, Gordon

Access Status: Open

Limestone in the Stonebelt Conference , September 8, 1978 - September 9, 1978

No(s): 78-024

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 4 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 6 hours 30 minutes; conference schedule of events, participant questionnaire, 3 associated pamphlets, 1 slide of a Bloomington, Indiana limestone quarry

Scope and Content Note: This recording of the Limestone in the Stonebelt Conference outlines the history of the limestone industry in the areas of Bloomington and Bedford, Indiana. The local economic impact of the limestone industry, as well as its uses and the various occupations it provided to the surrounding communities, are discussed.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Bedford, Indiana
    • Bloomington, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • limestone industry
    • local economy

Access Status: Open

Liska, B.J. , January 10, 1978

No(s): 78-003

Physical Description: 45 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 105 minutes; no index; 1976 annual report of Indiana State Agricultural Experiment Station, 1976 annual report on the service and regulatory activities of Purdue University, list of the Indiana State Agricultural Experiment Station's research accomplishments

Scope and Content Note: B.J. Liska, born on May 31, 1931, discusses his education and background in food microbiology and agronomy, which eventually led to his employment as a professor at Purdue University and the position of director of the Agricultural Experiment Station. He speaks of federal and state funding of agricultural research and of the past and possible beneficial results of such research, including increased crop yields. Dr. Liska discusses international projects and research, such as Purdue University's strong ties with Brazil, especially in the area of corn production research.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • food science professor
  • Places:
    • Hillsborough, Wisconsin
  • Subjects:
    • 1887 Hatch Act
    • agricultural education
    • agriculture research
    • agronomy
    • crop production
    • federal funding
    • Green Revolution
    • hog industry
    • inflation
    • local politics
    • research grants
    • Title XII
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Agency for International Development
    • Civil Service Retirement System
    • Indiana Farm Bureau
    • Indiana State Agricultural Experiment Station
    • Purdue University
    • United States Army
    • U.S. Department of Agriculture

Access Status: Open

Loescher, Samuel , April 20, 1979

No(s): 79-032

Physical Description: 28 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 60 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1923, Samuel Loescher discusses the development of InPIRG, the Indiana Public Interest Research Group, and its directors, funding, and the opposition it faced within the state. Also covered is InPIRG's relationship with Indiana University administration and Mr. Loescher's idea of the research group's role or purpose. He comments on the funding received from the Irwin-Sweeney-Miller Foundation, which was cancelled in 1974 due to a failing American economy.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Nebo Ridge, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • anti-trust organizations
    • consumer advocacy groups
    • research funding
    • student public interest research groups
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • American Association of University Professors
    • Bloomington Faculty Council
    • Indiana Bell Telephone Company
    • Indiana Public Interest Research Group
    • Indiana University
    • Irwin-Sweeney-Miller Foundation
  • People:
    • Carter, Byrum
    • Miller, Gary
    • Franz, Frank
    • Nader, Ralph

Access Status: Open

Lythgoe, Richard F. , May 3, 1979

No(s): 79-037

Physical Description: 40 pages; 2 reels, 4.7 cps, 160 minutes; index; xeroxed photograph of interviewee, article by interviewee, Vanderburgh Circuit Court documents

Scope and Content Note: Richard F. Lythgoe, born on April 5, 1916, discusses organized labor in Indiana from the nineteen thirties through 1979. A union representative for much of his career, Mr. Lythgoe speaks extensively of unions, union leadership, labor relations, related federal legislation, minority membership in unions, and the fear of communism in unions. He cites his father's work as a glassblower as his initial introduction to unionization. He comments on strikes and lockouts, and the increasing ineffectiveness and inefficiency of union arbitration and grievance procedures under new labor laws.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • labor union representative
  • Places:
    • Evansville, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • 1935 National Labor Relations Act
    • 1959 Landrum-Griffin Act
    • Communism
    • cost-plus contracts
    • electricity production
    • glass blowers
    • grievance procedure
    • Great Depression
    • Indiana Right to Work Law
    • labor leadership
    • labor strikes
    • lockouts
    • minority employment
    • Taft-Hartley amendments
    • union membership
    • unions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AFL-CIO
    • Chrysler Corporation
    • Council of Industrial Relations
    • International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
    • International Harvester Company
    • Servel Corporation
    • Southern Indiana Gas and Electric Company
    • UAW National War Labor Board
    • United Auto Workers
  • People:
    • Branigan, Roger D.
    • Reuther, Walter Phillip
    • Sentner, William

Access Status: Open

Marshall, Robert J. , September 10, 1979

No(s): 79-053

Physical Description: 66 pages; 2 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 3 hours; no index; photograph of interviewee, partial list of Columbus and county gifts

Scope and Content Note: Robert J. Marshall, born on August 3, 1912, discusses the major industries Columbus, Indiana and their impact on the town. He speaks of local employers during the Great Depression, community improvement programs introduced by local businesses and businessmen, the importance of agriculture to the Indiana economy, and the small African-American community of Columbus. He comments on the increasing difficulty in retaining youth as citizens of a small community, and he speaks of the increasing diversification of the Indiana economy since World War II.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Bartholomew County, Indiana
    • Columbus, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • African-American community
    • agriculture
    • canning industry
    • Catholic community
    • community development
    • discrimination
    • Great Depression
    • local architecture
    • local industry
    • local politics
    • New Deal
    • racism
    • school construction
    • seasonal layoffs
    • segregation
    • unions
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Arvin Industries
    • Atterbury Air Force Base
    • Columbus First Christian Church
    • Columbus High School
    • Columbus Human Rights Commission
    • COSCO
    • Cummins, Incorporated
    • Mooney Tannery
    • Reeves Pulley Company
    • The Republic
    • Works Progress Administration
  • Family Names:
    • Irwin
  • People:
    • Miller, J. Irwin
    • Noblitt, Q.G.

Access Status: Open

McCormick, John B. , June 21, 1979

No(s): 79-042

Physical Description: 37 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 2 hours, no index; photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Mr. McCormick, born December 27, 1914, discusses is life long career as a farmer. He discusses the different kinds of farming he has practiced over the years, from raising poultry and hogs to growing corn crops. He discusses the business transactions involved in running a small farm. He describes the records he has kept regarding prices he has recieved for goods, weather patterns and their effects on crop yeilds, and loans and other finacial matters.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • farmer
  • Places:
    • Carroll County, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • 1938 Agricultural Adjustment Act
    • agricultural technology
    • corn farming
    • crop rotation
    • diseases
    • farm equipment
    • farming
    • hog production
    • marketing
    • vertical integration
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana Farm Bureau
    • U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration

Access Status: Open

McDonald, William H. , December 20, 1976

No(s): 76-071

Physical Description: 40 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 95 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1929, William H. McDonald discusses his work as the architectural services director of the Indiana Limestone Institute, emphasizing the institute's mission promoting limestone usage and sales. He speaks of the fluctuations in the Indiana limestone industry throughout the twentieth century, the accompanying rise and decline of limestone production, associated architectural standards. Mr. McDonald comments on labor-management relations within the industry, the cost of using limestone in construction as opposed to concrete, brick, or glass, and the different building requirements of domestic and commercial architecture.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • architectural services director
  • Places:
    • Washington, DC
  • Subjects:
    • architectural restoration
    • architectural standards
    • architecture
    • glass buildings
    • limestone industry
    • limestone quality
    • limestone transportation
    • limestone worker strikes
    • Oolitic limestone
    • solar energy
    • strip ashlar
    • thermal insulators
    • unemployment
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana Limestone Institute
    • Indiana Limestone Promotional Trust Fund

Access Status: Open

McDonald, William H. , November 6, 1978

No(s): 78-044

Physical Description: 47 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 120 minutes; no index; article regarding limestone industry

Scope and Content Note: William H. McDonald, born in November of 1929, discusses his employment history, especially his work in the limestone industry in Texas and Indiana. He speaks extensively of the purposes and accomplishments of the Indiana Limestone Institute, in concert with the Indiana Limestone Promotional Trust Fund. He speaks of his ideas about the future of the institute. Mr. McDonald also comments on the methods and benefits of using limestone in buildings. He discusses the need to educate architects about the use of limestone, and the ups and downs of the limestone industry in Indiana.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • architectural services director
  • Subjects:
    • architecture
    • bearing wall buildings
    • curtain wall buildings
    • Education
    • limestone cost
    • limestone industry
    • limestone sales
    • limestone market
    • public relations
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana Limestone Institute
    • Indiana Limestone Promotional Trust Fund
    • Indiana University. Department of Fine Arts
    • Victor Oolitic Stone Company

Access Status: Open

McMillen, Dale W., Jr. , October 23, 1980

No(s): 80-070

Physical Description: 28 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 80 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Dale W. McMillen, Jr., born on January 6, 1914, discusses the Central Soya Corporation, founded by his father, of which he is a former chairman of the board. He speaks of the company's history, its transition from being Central Sugar Company to Central Soya, and the soybean industry in Indiana. He also comments on the impact of World War II on the business. Mr. McMillen discusses the growth and development of Central Soya, its expansion across the United States and into foreign markets, the federal regulations that govern business, and issues related to the transportation of soy beans.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Chicago, Illinois
    • Fort Wayne, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • animal feed industry
    • family business
    • federal regulations
    • product shipping
    • public company
    • soy consumption
    • soybean exports
    • soybean industry
    • soybean production
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Central Soya Corporation
    • Central Sugar Company

Access Status: Open

Mee, John F. , April 19, 1979

No(s): 79-030

Physical Description: 48 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 1 hour 55 minutes; index; photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: John F. Mee, born on July 10, 1908, begins with a discussion on his early childhood and education, leading to his current position as a business professor. He provides background and reasons for the influx of industry into Indiana. He also discusses industrial changes and the role of federal funding in educating and training skilled labor.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • business professor
  • Places:
    • Anderson, Indiana
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
    • Kokomo, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • industrial technology
    • mechanical engineering
    • state economic base
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Chrysler Corporation
    • Delco Remy International, Incorporated
    • Diamond Chain
    • Engineering Science and Management Training Program
    • Ford Motor Company
    • General Motors Corporation
    • Indiana University
    • Irwin Union Bank and Trust
    • Lilly Foundation
    • Mallory Sonalert Products, Incorporated
  • Family Names:
    • Clowes
    • Hillenbrad
    • Johnson
    • Lilly
  • People:
    • Barnett, John
    • Bryan, William Lowe, 1860-1955
    • Cummins, Clessie L.
    • Elliott, Don
    • Ford, Henry
    • Irwin, Will
    • Jackson, Clarence
    • Miller, J. Irwin
    • Nelson, Alice
    • Weimar, Arthur M.
    • Wells, Herman B

Access Status: Open

Miles, Robert D. , January 10, 1978

No(s): 78-006

Physical Description: 35 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 85 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Robert D. Miles, an engineering professor who was born in December of 1924, discusses his participation in the Ohio River Basin Project for the purpose of energy conversion. He speaks of the possibilities of and need for more research in the areas of nuclear power and solar energy, especially in the years of the energy crisis. In addition, he speaks of the selection of power plant locations and the resulting public outcry.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • engineering professor
  • Subjects:
    • conservation
    • electricity production
    • energy conversion
    • energy crisis
    • fossil fuel
    • nuclear power
    • Ohio River Basin Project
    • public relations
    • solar energy

Access Status: Open

Miller, Eli D. , February 20, 1980

No(s): 80-012

Physical Description: 35 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 100 minutes; no index; biographical sketch of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Born on July 27, 1917, Eli D. Miller, as an executive of the South Bend Chamber of Commerce, discusses the economic profile of South Bend, Indiana, from 1946 through 1980. He speaks of local industrial failures and their impact on the community, the collapse of the Studebaker Corporation, and the role of the Chamber of Commerce in South Bend. In addition, he speaks of the economic diversification that took place across the United States after World War II, the upsurge of the convention and hotel industry in the Midwest, and local labor-management relations.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Mishawaka, Indiana
    • South Bend, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • automobile industry
    • community development
    • cost-plus contracts
    • ethnic diversity
    • hotel industry
    • labor-management relations
    • local economy
    • local transportation
    • technological changes
    • unions
    • urban renewal
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Mishawaka Labor Management Commission
    • South Bend Chamber of Commerce
    • Studebaker Corporation
  • People:
    • Hoffman, Paul G.

Access Status: Open

Myers, Robert , September 25, 1978

No(s): 78-029

Physical Description: 57 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 2 hours, no index

Scope and Content Note: Robert Myers, born on July 2, 1928, begins by explaining the process of quarrying. He talks about labor unions and the need for unions in the limestone industry. He also discusses the responsibilities of union representatives and the successes and failures of unions.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • union agent
  • Subjects:
    • fringe benefits
    • Great Depression
    • limestone industry
    • non-union companies
    • part-time jobs
    • quarry work
    • supplemental income
    • unions
    • wages
    • working conditions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AFL
    • Dimensional Stoneworkers, Local 909
    • Laborers International Union
    • Victor Oolitic Stone Company
  • People:
    • Axom, Frank

Access Status: Open

Newill, Edward B. , February 16, 1979

No(s): 79-014

Physical Description: 66 pages; 2 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 160 minutes; no index; photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Born on February 6, 1895, Edward B. Newill discusses the history of the Allison Engine Division of General Motors from its origin as a family owned garage, giving particular emphasis to the high production years surrounding World War II. He speaks of the manufacture of various important aircraft engines and the federal government regulations pertaining to their production. In addition, Mr. Newill speaks of labor-management relations, the expansion and diversification of the division, and its impact on the economy of Indiana.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • aircraft engine production
    • aircraft manufacture
    • airplanes
    • Allison jet engine
    • auto worker strikes
    • federal regulations
    • job shop production
    • piston engines
    • turbojet engines
    • turboprop engines
    • unions
    • V-1710 engine
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Allison Engine Company, Incorporated
    • Chevrolet
    • General Motors Corporation
    • Lockheed Corporation
    • United Auto Workers
    • United States Air Force
  • People:
    • Bohm, Curry

Access Status: Open

Olsen, Arthur J. , February 21, 1979

No(s): 79-015

Physical Description: 49 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 120 minutes; no index; Otis Elevator Company statistics

Scope and Content Note: Arthur J. Olsen, born on August 30, 1919, discusses the history of the Otis Elevator Company, at which he has been employed since 1937. He comments on the company's decision to build a plant in Bloomington, Indiana, on the factory planning process, and the impact of the plant on local employment and the local economy. In addition, he speaks about elevator and escalator manufacture, including the Otis employee safety program, and the effects of technological advances on production.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • plant engineering manager
  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
    • Yonkers, New York
  • Subjects:
    • elevator manufacture
    • escalator manufacture
    • factory planning
    • job training
    • layoffs
    • local economy
    • local employment
    • occupational safety
    • production sites
    • technological changes
    • unions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Otis Elevator Company

Access Status: Open

Orcutt, Daniel C. , November 11, 1980

No(s): 80-073

Physical Description: 28 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 80 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Daniel C. Orcutt, born on April 7, 1936, discusses his employment with the Indianapolis International Airport and his part in the airport's expansion. He comments on the land acquisition necessary for expansion and the local impact of the energy crisis, Environmental Protection Agency standards for noise pollution, and airline deregulation.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • airline deregulation
    • airport expansion
    • energy crisis
    • international air service
    • land acquisition
    • noise pollution
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indianapolis Airport Authority
    • Indianapolis International Airport
    • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Access Status: Open

Paarlberg, Don , December 2, 1977, March 1, 1978, March 2, 1978

No(s): 77-045

Physical Description: 152 pages; 4 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 6 hours; no index; photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Don Paarlberg, born on June 20, 1911, discusses his youth and education during the Great Depression, which contributed to his knowledge of and career in agricultural economy in both academic and federal government settings. He speaks of his experiences in and perceptions of the Eisenhower, Nixon, and Ford administrations, gleaned from years working in Washington, DC, with the United States Department of Agriculture and for the secretary of agriculture. In addition, he describes federal agricultural policy, its impact on the domestic and international economy, his impressions of and relations with various politicians, and his years as a professor at Purdue University.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • agricultural economist
  • Places:
    • Brazil
    • Soviet Union
  • Subjects:
    • 1970 Agriculture Act
    • 1973 Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act
    • agriculture curriculum
    • agriculture legislation
    • Cold War
    • Communism
    • cotton industry
    • Eisenhower administration
    • food stamps
    • Great Depression
    • illegal immigrants
    • Nixon administration
    • Prescription Athletic Turf
    • price supports
    • Public Law 480
    • Rural Development Program
    • satellites
    • soilbank program
    • sugar industry
    • tobacco industry
    • Vietnam War, 1961-1975
    • Watergate
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Cornell University
    • Food For Peace
    • Purdue University
    • Republican Party
    • U.S. Department of Agriculture
    • U.S. Department of State
  • People:
    • Benson, Ezra Taft
    • Butz, Earl V.
    • Castro, Fidel
    • Dulles, John Foster, 1888-1959
    • Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
    • Ford, Gerald R.
    • Goldwater, Barry
    • Hardin, Cliff
    • Kissinger, Henry
    • Nixon, Richard Milhous

Access Status: Open

Paarlberg, Horace , March 1, 1978

No(s): 78-014

Physical Description: 55 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 2 hours; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born August 1, 1923, Mr. Paarlberg discusses his early farm life, education, and how he got a job as a farm manager. He provides information on what a farm manager does, as well as the economics of tenant farming. He provides a picture of how farmers interacted with the agricultural departments at Purdue University as well as discussing agricultural science.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • farm manager
  • Subjects:
    • absentee farm management
    • agricultural research
    • Purdue University farms
    • tenant farming
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Doane Agricultural Service
    • Duff Farm Management Services
    • Farm Craft
    • Halderman Farm Management Service
    • Purdue University
  • People:
    • Andrews, Fred
    • Butz, Earl V.
    • Liston, Bernie

Access Status: Open

Palmer, Granville H. , March 21, 1979

No(s): 79-027

Physical Description: 29 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 70 minutes; no index; interview footnotes

Scope and Content Note: Born on July 7, 1911, Granville H. Palmer describes the freshwater pearl industry centered on the Wabash River near Vincennes, Indiana, from 1905 to 1979. He compares the act of freshwater pearling and the accompanying lifestyle to those that characterized the American gold rush in the middle of the nineteenth century. In addition, he speaks of the economic impact the industry has had on the Wabash Valley as recently as 1965 and 1966.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Vincennes, Indiana
    • Wabash River, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • freshwater pearl industry
    • Great Depression
    • mussel shells
    • water pollution

Access Status: Open

Pardue, John Oscar , August 26, 1980

No(s): 80-054

Physical Description: 17 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 45 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: John Oscar Pardue, born on February 4, 1900, discusses his years of employment at the Showers Brothers Furniture Company veneer mill. He comments on unions and strikes at the company, employment during the Great Depression, and his work with veneers. He profiles employees of the company. In addition, Mr. Pardue speaks of possible reasons for the successes and eventual failure of the furniture company.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • African-American workers
    • Communists
    • Great Depression
    • hot press
    • labor strikes
    • unions
    • veneer mill
    • women workers
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • CIO
    • Showers Brothers Furniture Company

Access Status: Open

Park, Walter S. , August 13, 1979

No(s): 79-048

Physical Description: 35 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 100 minutes; index; newspaper article regarding interviewee and the United Auto Workers.

Scope and Content Note: Walter S. Park, born on September 5, 1903, discusses his employment history, his years playing professional baseball, and playing in the industrial baseball league in and around Indianapolis, Indiana. He speaks of his years working for Guide Lamp, the special treatment he received as a company baseball player, working conditions, and his eventual membership in the United Auto Workers. In addition, Mr. Park describes his role in the 1937 sit-down strike at Guide Lamp and the resultant changes in relations between labor and management at that company.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • 1937 sit-down strike
    • baseball
    • industrial baseball league
    • labor-management relations
    • unions
    • wages
    • working conditions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • General Motors Guide Lamp Division
    • United Auto Workers
  • Family Names:
    • Reuther
  • People:
    • Chamberlain, Ben
    • Etchison, Riley "Big"
    • Lilly, Eli
    • Reuther, Victor
    • Reuther, Walter Phillip

Access Status: Open

Parke, Warren W. , April 24, 1979

No(s): 79-034

Physical Description: 46 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 110 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Warren W. Parke, born on August 16, 1924, discusses his career in the coal industry in Pike County, Indiana, from 1934 to 1979. He comments on the process of strip mining, the necessary equipment, federally mandated land reclamation, operation costs, and fluctuations in demand over the years. In addition, Mr. Parke describes union activity, strikes, relations between labor and management, and occasional outbreaks of union violence in the coal industry.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • coal miner
  • Places:
    • Pike County, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • coal industry
    • coal mining
    • coal mining strikes
    • occupational safety
    • operation costs
    • labor-management relations
    • land reclamation
    • pollution
    • strip mining
    • union violence
    • unions
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Landrey Mining Company
  • People:
    • Landrey, Ralph

Access Status: Open

Patton, John B. , January 26, 1977

No(s): 77-003

Physical Description: 30 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 70 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1915, John B. Patton discusses his years of employment with the Indiana State Geological Survey, one of the main purposes of which, he emphasizes, is the dissemination of information to the public regarding Indiana's industrial mineral resources. Mr. Patton speaks of the coal and limestone industries in Indiana and the impact that protective state environmental legislation has had on these and other prominent local industries.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • economic geologist
  • Subjects:
    • coal industry
    • construction
    • environmental geology
    • environmental legislation
    • limestone industry
    • mineral resources
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana. Department of Conservation
    • Indiana Department of Natural Resources
    • Indiana State Geological Survey
    • Indiana University
  • People:
    • Deiss, Charles Frederick

Access Status: Open

Peterson, J. Dwight , April 4, 1979

No(s): 79-028

Physical Description: 59 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 120 minutes; no index; photograph of interviewee, financial statement of City Securities Corporation, history of Merchants National Bank of Muncie, 1978 AMAX annual report, 1978 Lilly annual report, 1978 American States Insurance annual report

Scope and Content Note: J. Dwight Peterson, born on May 25, 1897, discusses his career as an investment banker with Indiana's City Securities Corporation from 1920 through 1979. He speaks of the importance of financing business and industry in Indiana with internal funds, rather than relying on outside capital such as federal aid, which could subject the state to counterproductive non-local control. Mr. Peterson also comments on the sale of stocks and bonds, the City Securities Corporation during the Great Depression and World War II, and the sale of war and government bonds. In addition, he describes the different sources of capital, both in and outside Indiana, and the changing character of finance.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • investment banker
  • Places:
    • New York, New York
  • Subjects:
    • 1929 stock market crash
    • federal aid
    • government bonds
    • Great Depression
    • Indiana business
    • Indiana municipal bonds
    • investment banking
    • nuclear power
    • real estate investment
    • stocks
    • war bonds
    • World War I
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AMAX Coal Company
    • Ayrshire Collieries Corporation
    • City Securities Corporation
    • Indiana Telephone Corporation
    • Indiana University
  • People:
    • Miller, Dick

Access Status: Open

Petro, Edwin , October 6, 1980

No(s): 80-060

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel (missing), 1 7/8 ips, 110 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Edwin Petro, born on March 24, 1925, discusses the Indianapolis International Airport, also known as the Weir-Cook Airport, from 1947 through 1970. He speaks of the funding of and revenue from the airport, as well as the building and technological changes evident in the airport.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • aviation consultant
  • Places:
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indianapolis International Airport

Access Status: Open

Pfendler, David C. , December 1, 1977

No(s): 77-044

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 2 reels, 1 7/8 ips

Scope and Content Note: David C. Pfendler traces the development of the Purdue University School of Agriculture, of which he was the dean. He speaks of the revolutionary changes in the field of agriculture in the twentieth century.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • school of agriculture dean
  • Subjects:
    • agriculture
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana Farm Bureau
    • Purdue University School of Agriculture

Access Status: Open

Phelps, Richard G. , November 27, 1979

No(s): 79-073

Physical Description: 29 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 90 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Richard G. Phelps, born on June 24, 1916, discusses his employment with and the history of Inland Steel Indiana Harbor Works, from the nineteen thirties through 1979. He speaks of his efforts to improve working conditions, employee safety, and to address environmental concerns raised by the Environmental Protection Agency. Mr. Phelps comments on the methods used in the production of steel, the importance of coke batteries, unions, strikes in the steel industry, and the possible correlation between the occurrence of cancer and work in steel mills. He also assesses the consequences of federal safety and environmental regulations.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • engineer
  • Subjects:
    • 1970 Occupational Safety and Health Act
    • cancer
    • coke manufacture
    • metalworker strikes
    • occupational safety
    • open hearth furnaces
    • operation costs
    • pollution
    • scrap metal
    • Steel Industry
    • steel production
    • technological chages
    • unions
    • working conditions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana Harbor Works
    • Inland Steel Company
    • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • People:
    • Randall, Clarence B.

Access Status: Open

Pickett, William B. , May 24, 1979

No(s): 79-041

Physical Description: 36 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 90 minutes; no index; curriculum vitae of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: William B. Pickett, born on March 12, 1940, discusses the economy of Terre Haute, Indiana, from the nineteen twenties through 1979. He comments on the economic diversification of the area, the problem of the lack of a land use plan, and his perspective on the economic future of the area. He speaks of fluctuations in population and of the changing character and apparent revitalization of Terre Haute in the nineteen seventies. In addition, Mr. Pickett discusses the ethnic and racial diversity of the area and its impact on community life.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Terre Haute, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • African-American community
    • coal industry
    • Education
    • ethnic diversity
    • local economy
    • local industry
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Terre Haute Chamber of Commerce
    • Vigo County Historical Society
  • People:
    • Hulman, Tony

Access Status: Open

Platt, Harold D., Sr. , October 14, 1980

No(s): 80-063

Physical Description: 29 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 80 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Harold D. Platt, Sr., born on September 26, 1902, discusses his business, the Platt Trailer Company, the mobile home industry, its growth, and the unionization of the industry. He describes the boom of the travel trailer industry in the nineteen sixties, attributing its cause to the huge increase in vacation travel. In addition, Mr. Platt speaks of the impact of World War II on the industry and of his thoughts on the future of the industry.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Elkhart, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • mobile home manufacture
    • recreational vehicles
    • trailer production
    • unions
    • wartime production
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Platt Trailer Company
  • People:
    • McNutt, Paul V. (Paul Vories), 1891-1955
    • Schult, Wilbur

Access Status: Open

Powers, Philip , January 9, 1978

No(s): 78-007

Physical Description: Partially transcribed; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 95 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1912, Philip Powers describes his education and career in nuclear physics and nuclear engineering. A professor at Purdue University and head of the Energy Engineering Center there, he describes energy needs and alternate energy sources, including coal and nuclear power.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • nuclear engineering professor
  • Subjects:
    • alternative energy sources
    • nuclear power
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Purdue University Energy Engineering Center

Access Status: Open

Ravindran, A. , March 1, 1978

No(s): 78-010

Physical Description: 28 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 65 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1944, Professor A. Ravindran discusses his career in industrial engineering research, with specialties in mathematical modeling and energy optimization. He discusses his research on alternate energy sources, including solar energy and coal blending, as well as the sulfur content of coal in Indiana. In addition, Dr. Ravindran speaks of his optimism regarding new sources of energy, despite the energy and fuel shortages of the late nineteen seventies.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • industrial engineering professor
  • Subjects:
    • alternative energy sources
    • coal blending
    • coal industry
    • energy efficiency
    • energy research
    • energy shortages
    • mathematical modeling
    • solar energy

Access Status: Open

Reardon, James R. , December 13, 1979

No(s): 79-074

Physical Description: 35 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 100 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: James R. Reardon, born August 14, 1928, discusses the activities and regulations of the Occupational Safety and Health Act and Administration in Indiana from 1974 through 1979. He speaks of the impact of the Indiana Occupational Safety and Health Act, the necessary qualifications of compliance inspectors, and the enforcement and priorities of the Act. In addition, he comments on the increased costs for businesses who abide by OSHA regulations and their frequent relocations to foreign countries because of high domestic production costs.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • 1974 Indiana Occupational Safety and Health Act
    • asbestos
    • company inspections
    • compliance inspector qualifications
    • equipment costs
    • occupational safety
    • Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulations
    • steel gloves
    • unions

Access Status: Open

Reeves, James , October 24, 1979

No(s): 79-060

Physical Description: 43 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 1 hour 45 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Mr. Reeves discusses the development and founding of Reeves Pulley Company on November 26, 1888. His interview covers manufacturing, sales, and advertising of the product. He also provides information on the organization and structure of the company.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • factory manager
  • Places:
    • Columbus, Indiana
    • Greenwood, Indiana
    • Jeffersonville, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • advertising
    • company growth
    • customers
    • exporting
    • family business
    • international business
    • sales
    • Sears and Roebuck catalog
    • technological changes
    • workforce
    • working conditions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Alliance Electric
    • Lewellyn Manufacturing Company
    • Link Belt Construction Equipment Company
    • Marmon Motor Car Company
    • Reeves Pulley Company
    • U.S. Electric
  • Family Names:
    • Reeves
  • People:
    • Larkin, Caldwell
    • MacNeil, Daniel T.

Access Status: Open

Rehnstrom, Vernley R. , March 12, 1980

No(s): 80-022

Physical Description: 26 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 1 hour 45 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Mr. Rehnstrom provides an analysis of the PSI Marble Hill Project. He discusses the economics of nuclear energy versus coal energy. He talks of the political influence that was a part of the decision to create Marble Hill and the problems of disposing nuclear waste.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • vice president of finance
  • Subjects:
    • energy demands
    • nuclear power plants
    • nuclear waste disposal
    • power plant construction
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Northern Indiana Public Service Company
    • PSI Marble Hill Nuclear Power Plant
    • Wabash Valley Power Co-Op

Access Status: Open

Reuther, Victor , September 26, 1980

No(s): 80-059

Physical Description: 30 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 100 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1912, Mr. Reuther discusses the participation of Sophie Reuther in the events following the Anderson, Indiana sit-down strike of 1937. He also provides insight on union activities, leadership of the strike and what led up to it. Finally, he talks about his involvement with other plants.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • union official
  • Places:
    • Anderson, Indiana
    • Connersville, Indiana
    • Flint, Michigan
    • New Castle, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • 1937 sit-down strike
    • cost-plus contracts
    • women workers
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Delco Remy International, Incorporated
    • General Motors Guide Lamp Division
  • People:
    • Berkebile, George
    • Jourdan, Jack

Access Status: Open

Richmond, H. David , October 15, 1980

No(s): 80-066

Physical Description: 23 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 75 minutes; no index; photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Born on June 21, 1929, H. David Richmond, the director of economic development of the Columbus, Indiana, Chamber of Commerce, describes his employment history, the local economy and community in Columbus, and his forecast of the economic future of the Mideest. He speaks of the Columbus Chamber of Commerce's economic development program and of the advertising and incentives they have used to draw businesses to locate in the Columbus area. In addition, he comments on the effects of the economic recession of the late nineteen seventies and early nineteen eighties on Columbus, Indiana.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Columbus, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • advertising
    • business incentives
    • community morale
    • economic development program
    • economic recession
    • local economy
    • women workers
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Columbus Chamber of Commerce
    • Cummins, Incorporated

Access Status: Open

Robb, James , May 18, 1979, May 30, 1979

No(s): 79-040

Physical Description: 79 pages, 2 reels, 4.7 cps, 4 hours; partial video of interview, master--on the same tape as partial interview with Daniel Wright, 80-029; index

Scope and Content Note: Born on April 30, 1897 in Galston, Scotland, James Robb discusses beginning work in an Indiana coal mine at the age of 12 and the progression of his career into union management, culminating in the position of director of District 30, United Steelworkers. He speaks of the dangers and daily life associated with coal mining in Terre Haute, Indiana, labor organization, strikes, and the violence that often accompanied them. In addition, he comments on the effects of the Great Depression on Terre Haute, disputes and relations between steel workers and management, and his personal experiences with such people as Eugene V. Debs, John F. Kennedy, and Jimmy Hoffa.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Terre Haute, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • child labor
    • coal mining
    • coal mining strikes
    • company towns
    • Great Depression
    • occupational safety
    • oil lamps
    • shot firers
    • union membership
    • union violence
    • unions
    • wages
    • working conditions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AFL
    • Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel, and Tin Workers of North America
    • CIO
    • United Mine Workers of America
    • United Steel Workers
  • People:
    • Debs, Eugene V. (Eugene Victor), 1855-1926
    • Hoffa, James R.
    • Jones, Mary Harris "Mother"
    • Kennedy, John Fitzgerald
    • Klassen, Ted
    • Lewis, John L.

Access Status: Open

Roberts, Rex E. , August 13, 1979

No(s): 79-047

Physical Description: 26 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 120 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Rex E. Roberts, born on July 21, 1913, discusses his employment and working conditions at the Guide Lamp division of General Motors, as well as his activities with regard to organized labor with the United Auto Workers union. He speaks of his participation in the 1937 sit-down strike and its aftermath. In addition, Mr. Roberts comments on union violence and his memories of organized labor leader, Victor Reuther.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • 1937 sit-down strike
    • auto worker strikes
    • union violence
    • unions
    • working conditions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Congress of Industrial Organizations
    • Delco-RemyDelco Remy International, Incorporated
    • Flying Squadron
    • General Motors Guide Lamp Division
    • United Auto Workers
  • People:
    • Hall, Ed
    • Reuther, Sophie Good
    • Reuther, Victor

Access Status: Open

Rodgers, David L. , October 25, 1978

No(s): 78-043

Physical Description: 92 pages; 2 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 3 hours; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born on January 5, 1943, David L. Rodgers discusses his family, education, and the progression of his career in stone carving and sculpture. He speaks of his personal life and growth, as well as the obstacles, challenges, and triumphs in his career as a limestone sculptor. In addition, Mr. Rodgers comments on the symbolism of some of his pieces, the low prices and high costs of stone carving, and his vision of the future of stone sculpture.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • limestone sculptor
  • Subjects:
    • Education
    • high school art education
    • limestone sculpture
    • local resources
    • Native American art
    • sculpture prices
    • sculpture symbolism
    • stonecarving
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana University. School of Fine Arts
    • Indiana University Studio Art Department
  • People:
    • Bailey, William
    • Elsen, Albert
    • Markman, Ronald
    • Saladee, Jim

Access Status: Open

Roll, Mary Frances , August 18, 1980

No(s): 80-050

Physical Description: 34 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 70 minutes; partial video of interview, master; no index

Scope and Content Note: Mary Frances Roll, born on June 28, 1912, discusses the hiring practices and the composition of the workforce at RCA in Bloomington, Indiana. She describes her career, beginning in the Great Depression, and speaks of how the Great Depression affected the Bloomington community. In addition, Ms. Roll comments on the large percentage of female workers at RCA, the wages they received, RCA's government contracts and production during World War II, and becoming the center of the world's color television production.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • color television manufacture
    • Great Depression
    • local employment
    • RCA hiring practices
    • wages
    • wartime production
    • women workers
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana University
    • RCA
  • People:
    • Wells, Herman B

Access Status: Open

Roll, Mary Frances , February 10, 1977

No(s): 77-004

Physical Description: 26 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 60 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Mary Frances Roll, born on June 28, 1912, discusses her education and employment with RCA in Bloomington, Indiana. She speaks of RCA's early operation and production, the changing quality of the available labor force, the local impact of the Great Depression, and her association with the FBI during World War II. In addition, Ms. Roll comments on Bloomington's industrial growth and the relationship between Indiana University and the surrounding community.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • Education
    • Great Depression
    • labor force
    • local industry
    • RCA hiring practices
    • town and gown relations
    • wartime production
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • FBI
    • RCA
  • People:
    • Hawkins, Andrew

Access Status: Open

Rolland, Ian M. , October 23, 1980

No(s): 80-069

Physical Description: 17 pages; 1 tape, 1 7/8 ips, 60 minutes; no index; biographical sketch of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Born on June 3, 1933, Ian M. Rolland was the president, director, and chief executive officer of the Lincoln National Corporation and its affiliates. He discusses the emphasis placed on management planning in a constantly changing business environment, the greater efficiency and productivity achieved by the Lincoln National Corporation, and company growth from 1956 through 1980. In addition, Mr. Rolland speaks of the number of females in the insurance business, specifically those in management positions.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Fort Wayne, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • air transportation
    • assembly line production
    • company growth
    • computer technology
    • management planning
    • women workers
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Lincoln National Corporation
    • Lincoln National Life Insurance Company

Access Status: Open

Rood, Henry F. , October 22, 1980

No(s): 80-068

Physical Description: 72 pages; 3 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 3 hours; no index; photograph of interviewee, interviewee's curriculum vitae

Scope and Content Note: Born on September 14, 1906, Henry F. Rood describes his career in the insurance business, culminating in the positions of director, president, and chief executive officer of the Lincoln National Corporation. He discusses the insurance business, including reinsurance, group insurance, life insurance, and health insurance, and details how the Lincoln National Life Insurance Company weathered the Great Depression through the use of innovative bookkeeping practices. Mr. Rood also discusses the impact of economic and interest rate fluctuations on the insurance business.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Cuba
    • Fort Wayne, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • company growth
    • company management
    • financial diversification
    • Great Depression
    • group insurance
    • inflation
    • insurance business
    • interest rates
    • international expansion
    • life insurance
    • Lincoln National Corporation hiring practices
    • political connections
    • real estate business
    • reinsurance business
    • women workers
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Gulf Life Insurance Company
    • Lincoln National Corporation
    • Lincoln National Life Insurance Company
    • Reliance Life Insurance Company
    • Variable Annuity Life Insurance Company
  • People:
    • Hall, Arthur
    • Mayer, John
    • Mead, Franklin B.
    • Whiteman, Frank

Access Status: Open

Rose, Mary E. , August 14, 1979

No(s): 79-049

Physical Description: 29 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 75 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Born July 12, 1915, Ms. Rose talks about her educational background and he work for the Guide Lamp Division of General Motors Corporation. She discusses the jobs held by women in the plant and the jobs they were not allowed to do. She describes the part women played in the sit-down strike of 1937.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Anderson, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • 1937 sit-down strike
    • equal pay
    • unions
    • women workers
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AFL-CIO
    • General Motors Corporation
    • General Motors Guide Lamp Division
    • Mom and Pop's Cafe
    • United Auto Workers
  • Family Names:
    • Stanton
  • People:
    • Reuther, Walter Phillip
    • Roberts, Rex

Access Status: Open

Rosenak, Irwin , November 13, 1979

No(s): 79-064

Physical Description: 31 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 120 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born in Chicago, November 21, 1911, Mr. Rosenak discusses the process of making steel and the expansion of Inland Steel Company from an engineer's perspective, and programs to control air pollution. He also discusses the availability of labor, the of recruitment of women, and the problems involved with women working in the plant.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • engineer
  • Places:
    • East Chicago, Indiana
    • Gary, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • corporate recruitment of women
    • labor management
    • market area
    • plant expansion
    • technological changes
    • work quality
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Army Corps of Engineers
    • Inland Steel Company

Access Status: Open

Rowell, J. Kirk, Jr. , January 14, 1980

No(s): 80-003

Physical Description: 27 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 80 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Born on December 12, 1913, J. Kirk Rowell, Jr. describes his career as a mechanical engineer, and later director of purchasing at Jeffboat, Incorporated. He speaks of the company's growth, the methods of barge and boat construction, and the use of assembly line production. He also comments on the company's conversion to wartime production, mainly the building of LSTs, during World War II, and the labor shortage that occurred at this time.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • mechanical engineer
    • purchasing agent
  • Places:
    • Jeffersonville, Indiana
    • Louisville, Kentucky
  • Subjects:
    • assembly line production
    • barge manufacture
    • company growth
    • labor force
    • wartime production
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • American Commercial Barge Line
    • Howard Boat Yard
    • Jeffboat, Incorporated
  • People:
    • Calhoun, Patrick

Access Status: Open

Rude, Dennis , September 11, 1978

No(s): 78-023

Physical Description: 47 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 110 minutes; no index, pamphlet

Scope and Content Note: Dennis Rude, born in 1943, discusses his role in building the Washington, DC National Cathedral. He provides an overview of the project and the creation of the Cathedral Stone Works Company. He also details the main components of the limestone trade: stonemason, stonecutter, and stonecarver. He offers information about his apprenticeship in Maryland and his current job as superintendent of the company. Mr. Rude also recalls some high and low points during construction and the importance of his union in assisting workers. He ends by speculating on the future of the limestone industry.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Maryland
    • Washington, DC
    • Washington, Indiana
  • Occupations:
    • stonecutter
    • superintendent
  • Subjects:
    • Episcopalian Church
    • limestone industry
    • Oolitic limestone
    • stonecarving
    • unions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Cathedral Church of St. Peter and St. Paul
    • Cathedral Stone Works Company
    • George A. Fuller Company
    • Independent Limestone Company
    • Laborers International Union

Access Status: Open

Schmeltekop, Neil B. , March 15, 1979

No(s): 79-025

Physical Description: 71 pages; 2 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 150 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1915, Neil B. Schmeltekop describes his varied employment history, especially the years spent in the employ of Monon Railroad as a railroad station agent. He comments on the living and employment conditions in Indianapolis, Indiana, during the Great Depression. He speaks of his ownership of and work at the Shepherd Machine and Tool Company during World War II, and the war production of parts for the atomic bomb at that time. Mr. Schmeltekop also describes the impact of the Monon Railroad on the Indiana economy, its quality and later termination of passenger service, and his opinion regarding the future of railroads in the United States.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • railroad station agent
  • Places:
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • African-American community
    • atomic bomb production
    • cost-plus contracts
    • die casting
    • Great Depression
    • railroad industry
    • railroad tracks
    • railroad travel
    • segregation
    • train wrecks
    • wartime production
    • World War II
    • youth sports programs
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • City of Bloomington Utilities
    • Dads Club
    • Keys Restaurant
    • Monon Railroad
    • Shepherd Machine and Tool Company

Access Status: Open

Schneider, Jack , March 6, 1980

No(s): 80-016

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 120 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Jack Schneider, born 1931, talks about the wood products industry.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • wood products industry
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Jasper Corporation
    • Kimball International, Incorporated
    • Kimball Piano and Organ Company

Access Status: Open

Schneider, Ralph , April 23, 1980

No(s): 80-024

Physical Description: 34 pages; 1 tape, 1 7/8 ips, 75 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Ralph Schneider, born 1917, retired and superintendent at the Indiana Chair Company in Jasper, Indiana. He discusses the woodworking industry from his early years during the Great Depression through his retirement in the nineteen seventies. He gives a brief description of the manufacturing process, including the mill room and piecework are first given attention. He recalls the changes in worker dedication to the job, recession effects, the energy crisis, and the duties of being plant superintendent, such as purchasing and worker assignment.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • superintendent
  • Places:
    • Jasper, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • energy crisis
    • ethnic diversity
    • Great Depression
    • manufacturing efficiency
    • piecework
    • recession effects
    • unions
    • woodworking industry
    • worker attitudes
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana Chair Company
    • Jasper Seating Company

Access Status: Open

Schultz, Marilyn F. , April 19, 1979

No(s): 79-031

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 tape, 1 7/8 ips, 35 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Marilyn Schultz, born 1944, speaks about consumerism and consumer rights legislation in Indiana. She discusses her attempts to start a consumer advocacy group in Indiana.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • consumer advocacy groups
    • consumer rights

Access Status: Open

Sebree, Milton Shubert , June 7, 1980

No(s): 80-040

Physical Description: 74 pages; 3 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 180 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Milton Sebree, born 1890, was active in organized labor and the socialist movement in Terre Haute, Indiana during the early twentieth century. He describes his employment in a wide variety of industries and some of the attempts to unionize them. He also discusses housing, poverty, transportation, and politics in Terre Haute through the Great Depression. Prominent socialists such as Eugene V. Debs, and crooked politicians such as Mayor Don Roberts, are also remembered.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Danville, Illinois
    • Terre Haute, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • 1935 general strike
    • blacklisting
    • ethnic segregation
    • family history
    • gambling industry
    • glass factory
    • grafting
    • Great Depression
    • Ku Klux Klan
    • politics
    • poverty
    • railroad dangers
    • socialism
    • transportation
    • unions
    • World War I
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Evansville and Terre Haute Railroad
    • Glass Bottle Blowers of America
    • North Baltimore Glass Company
    • Terre Haute Glass Company
    • Wabash Cutlery Company
  • People:
    • Debs, Eugene V. (Eugene Victor), 1855-1926
    • Evans, Jay
    • Robert, Don
    • Root, Chapman G.

Access Status: Open

Sells, Dallas Wood, Jr. , March 2, 1979

No(s): 79-018

Physical Description: 58 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 120 minutes; index; xeroxed photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Dallas Wood Sells, Jr., born on October 3, 1919, discusses his experiences as an employee of the Delco-Remy Division of General Motors from 1937 through 1949, and his experiences as an active leader of organized labor in Indiana from 1937 through 1979. He speaks extensively of the struggle between organized labor and its opposition in the nineteen fifties and nineteen sixties. He also discusses war production and government contracts during World War II, women in the labor force, wage and price controls, and how discrimination is addressed by unions.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • 1957 Right To Work Law
    • African-American workers
    • auto worker strikes
    • Communism
    • cost-plus contracts
    • federal funding
    • free press
    • Indiana politics
    • price controls
    • racial discrimination
    • taxes
    • union membership
    • unions
    • wages
    • wartime production
    • women workers
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AFL-CIO
    • Delco Remy International, Incorporated
    • General Motors Corporation
    • Teamsters Union
    • UAW National War Labor Board
    • United Auto Workers
  • People:
    • Bowen, Otis R.
    • Hoffa, James R.
    • Meany, George
    • Reuther, Walter Phillip

Access Status: Open

Shelton, Elizabeth J. , February 3, 1979

No(s): 79-009

Physical Description: 45 pages; 1 reel (missing), 1 7/8 ips, 90 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Elizabeth Shelton, born in 1931, discusses her thirty-year career with RCA (Radio Corporation of America) in Bloomington, Indiana. She provides insight into the changes she has witnessed since 1949, including differences in the attitudes of the workers, questionable job security, and the effects of automation. She addresses the role of the woman worker at RCA making it clear that women made up the majority of the line workers, but were not represented in the administration. She discusses the effects of foreign competition on RCA and the company's production moving to Mexico. She also contemplates the future of the Bloomington plant.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • laborer
  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • downsizing
    • electrical worker strikes
    • Korean War
    • soldering
    • unions
    • women workers
    • worker attitudes
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
    • RCA

Access Status: Open

Shields, Seth William , March 12, 1980

No(s): 80-021

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 60 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Seth William Shields, vice president of electrical systems at PSI and director of the Marble Hill Nuclear Power Plant project, discusses the development of the plant. He discusses the decision to base the design of the plant on existing ones rather than design a completely new one. He outlines the quality control issues the plant's designers are concerned about. He also discusses the fact that there are not yet plans in place to dispose of nuclear wastes generated by the plant or for the eventual decommission of the plant after its operating life.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • company vice president
    • project director
  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • nuclear power
    • nuclear power plants
    • nuclear waste disposal
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • PSI Marble Hill Nuclear Power Plant

Access Status: Open

Smith, Henry P. , April 23, 1980

No(s): 80-025

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 tape (missing), 1 7/8 ips, 60 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Henry Smith, born 1892, describes the coal industry and his position as president in the coal companies his family owned.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • company president
  • Subjects:
    • coal industry

Access Status: Open

Somers, F. David , June 26, 1980

No(s): 80-046

Physical Description: 46 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 80 minutes; no index; photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: David F. Somers, born on December 11, 1913, discusses his longtime employment with Marsh Supermarkets, from 1949 through 1980, mainly in the position of vice president of operations. He speaks of the corporation's growth and expansion from a small family business to a large statewide chain, under the guidance of its founder, Ermal Marsh. He speaks of the marketing and financing of Marsh Supermarkets and its subsidiaries, and he describes how store locations and sizes were determined.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • company growth
    • frozen foods
    • price zoning system
    • store locations
    • store size
    • trading stamps
    • unions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Kroger Company
    • Marsh Supermarkets, Incorporated
    • Tote and Save
    • Village Pantry
  • Family Names:
    • Marsh
  • People:
    • Marsh, Ermal

Access Status: Open

Sommer, Fred W. , October 11, 1980

No(s): 80-062

Physical Description: 28 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 70 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Fred Sommer, born in Germany in 1902, discusses his experience as a board member of the Indianapolis Airport Authority. He speaks of the airport's initial development and growth, concentrating on the numerous events that have influenced its existence, including Charles Lindbergh's visit in the 1920s and financial support from the government. He mentions the airport's decision to reject military intervention during World War II and details efforts to elicit business from international air carriers.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • aviation
    • federal aid
    • Germans
    • Indianapolis Airport Authority Act
    • industrial zoning
    • satellite airports
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Hoyt Machine Company
    • Indianapolis Airport Authority
    • Indianapolis International Airport
    • KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
  • People:
    • Lindbergh, Charles A.
    • Orcutt, Daniel C.
    • Petro, Edward
    • Turner, Roscoe

Access Status: Open

Squarcy, Charles M. , November 26, 1979

No(s): 79-072

Physical Description: 27 pages; 2 reels, 4.7 cps, 140 minutes; no index; photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Charles M. Squarcy, born on March 12, 1913, discusses his years working for Inland Steel Company. He speaks of methods and the quantity of steel production from the nineteen thirties through 1979, including changes in technology, working conditions, world steel market, and equipment safety. He also comments on the 1959 strike at Inland and the relations between Inland Steel Company and the surrounding community.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • blast furnaces
    • equipment safety
    • lead alloy
    • open hearth furnaces
    • steel beneficiation
    • steel production
    • steelworker strikes
    • technological changes
    • working conditions
    • world market
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Inland Steel Company
  • People:
    • Johnson, Hjalmar

Access Status: Open

Stanfield, Loren E. "Toby" , September 19, 1979

No(s): 79-057

Physical Description: 55 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 120 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Loren E. "Toby" Stanfield, born on October 30, 1911, discusses the resort and gambling industries in French Lick, Indiana, and West Baden, Indiana. He speaks of the most prominent hotels, the hot springs, and the impact of these businesses on local employment and prosperity. In addition, Mr. Stanfield comments on his career in show business as a traveling comedian in vaudeville and burlesque shows.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • French Lick, Indiana
    • West Baden, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • African-American community
    • burlesque
    • gambling industry
    • Great Depression
    • minstrel shows
    • Pluto Water
    • Prohibition
    • racism
    • railroad travel
    • resort industry
    • show business
    • vaudeville
    • World War I
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • French Lick Springs Hotel
    • Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus
    • Porter Stock Company
    • West Baden Springs Hotel
  • Family Names:
    • Ballard
  • People:
    • Ballard, Edward
    • Sinclair, Lee
    • Taggart, Thomas

Access Status: Open

Stanonis, Frank L. , April 30, 1979 - May 1, 1979

No(s): 79-036

Physical Description: 51 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 120 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Frank L. Stanonis, born in 1931, discusses the petroleum industry in southwestern Indiana from the nineteen thirties through 1979. He speaks of the benefits of using the seismograph to locate oil wells, the quality of the oil found in Indiana, and domestic and international oil production and prices. Mr. Stanonis comments on oil companies leasing farms to drill for oil, several methods of drilling and pumping oil from the ground, and the environmental regulations that began to emerge in the nineteen sixties.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • doodlebuggers
    • environmental regulations
    • land leasing
    • oil industry
    • oil prices
    • oil refining
    • oil wells
    • petroleum quality
    • seismograph
    • World War II

Access Status: Open

Stansfield, James Philip , September 20, 1977

No(s): 77-023

Physical Description: 29 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 70 minutes; no index; table of contents

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1926, James Philip Stansfield discusses agriculture in Indiana, particularly in Greene County. He speaks of the benefits of various agricultural advances, including improved fertilizers and the process of artificial insemination for cattle, and reveals how many conservative farmers were slow to recognize and adopt such improvements. In addition, Mr. Stansfield differentiates between corporate and family farming.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Greene County, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • agriculture
    • artificial insemination
    • corporate farms
    • fertilizers
    • technological changes
    • zoning regulations
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana Farm Bureau
    • National Farmers Organization
    • Purdue University Extension Service

Access Status: Open

Starr, Charles , November 13, 1978

No(s): 78-046

Physical Description: 42 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 90 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1919, Charles Starr discusses his career as a planerman in the Bedford, Indiana, limestone industry for over thirty years. He briefly comments on his service in the United States Army Air Force during World War II, the limestone industry's conversion to war production, changes in wages over time, and the lack of financial compensation for experience on the job. In addition, Mr. Starr speaks of the positive and more informal labor-management relations at smaller limestone companies.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • limestone planerman
  • Places:
    • Bedford, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • Great Depression
    • labor-management relations
    • limestone industry
    • stone mills
    • stonecarving
    • unions
    • wages
    • wartime production
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indian Hill Stone Company

Access Status: Open

Starr, Dudley F. , May 6, 1981

No(s): 81-007

Physical Description: 31 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 75 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Dudley F. Starr, born on June 21, 1915, discusses his career in advertising at the Wayne Transportation Division in Richmond, Indiana, focusing on the development, marketing, and success of the Lifeguard school bus in the nineteen seventies. He discusses the company's history and growth, its expansion into the commercial bus and van industry, and its move into an international market. Mr. Starr speaks about the safety of school buses, the need to meet the specifications mandated by federal and state standards, and how the company's products often go beyond these minimum safety regulations.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • advertising
  • Subjects:
    • commercial bus production
    • company growth
    • company morale
    • federal regulations
    • school bus manufacture
    • school bus safety
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indian Head, Incorporated
    • Wayne Transportation Division

Access Status: Open

Steinhagen, Eva M. , February 12, 1979

No(s): 79-012

Physical Description: 39 pages; 1 tape, 1 7/8 ips, 75 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Eva M. Steinhagen, born in Monroe County, Indiana on January 3, 1917 and died in Florida on February 19, 2002, discusses her time working for RCA in Bloomington, Indiana in this interview. She talks about the early days at the factory and wartime production and security procedures. She speaks of switching the factory over to make radios and then televisions after the war. She talks about being promoted to foreman, and subsequently being demoted in the 1960s by management who brought in male college education foremen, and the subsequent loss in efficiency the factory experienced. The factory hired new management who fired the foremen, and she regained her position as foreman, and remained at RCA until she retired. Ms. Steinhagen talks about the influence of labor unions over factory life, working conditions, wages, and benefits. She also talks about RCA's corporate relocation of some manufacturing to foreign locations, where the factory experiences less absenteeism and saves costs in labor.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • factory manager
    • factory worker
  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • absenteeism
    • assembly line production
    • corporate relocation
    • factory management
    • limestone industry
    • television production
    • unions
    • war bonds
    • wartime production
    • women workers
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • RCA

Access Status: Open

Stephenson, Mildrid R. , March 16, 1979

No(s): 79-026

Physical Description: 44 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 90 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Mildred Stephenson, born in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1901, begins her interview with her move to Indianapolis, Indiana in 1922. She later married and moved to Bloomington, Indiana. She speaks about her various jobs, including a position as a bookkeeper before her marriage and her role in assisting with her husband's freight business and later, his hardware store. She moves on to discuss her position as a bank trust officer for First National Bank before her retirement in 1966. Throughout her interview, she reflects on changes in Bloomington.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • bank trust officer
    • bookkeeper
    • office manager
  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • banking
    • farm life
    • freight business
    • hardware stores
    • registered cattle business
    • unions
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Bloomington-Bedford-Indianapolis Motor Freight
    • First National Bank
    • Graham Hotel (Bloomington, Ind.)
    • Teamsters Union

Access Status: Open

Stepich, Joseph G. , November 15, 1979

No(s): 79-067

Physical Description: 57 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 120 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Joseph G. Stepich, born on March 14, 1942, discusses hiring and employment practices, minority employees, and the character of the workforce at the AMOCO refinery in Whiting, Indiana. He comments on the huge reduction in the labor force at AMOCO in the early nineteen sixties and on the general streamlining that occurred, aimed at increasing efficiency. In addition, Mr. Stepich speaks of the age gap in the refinery's workforce, particularly in management positions.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • employee relations manager
  • Places:
    • Whiting, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • AMOCO hiring practices
    • corporate streamlining
    • engineers
    • Equal Employment Opportunity
    • ethnic diversity
    • layoffs
    • minority employment
    • unions
    • women workers
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AMOCO Oil Company
    • Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers Union
    • Research and Engineers Professional Employees Association
  • People:
    • Swearingen, John

Access Status: Open

Strickland, James D. , May 30, 1980

No(s): 80-038

Physical Description: 17 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 80 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: James Strickland, born in 1909, discusses his role as state director of the Indiana Office of Price Administration during World War II. He provides a short history of the development of the office. He reflects on the reaction to gasoline rationing, price controls, and the black market in Indiana.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • state rationing administrator
  • Subjects:
    • black market
    • counterfeiting
    • gasoline rationing
    • price controls
    • rations
    • unions
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana Office of Price Administration
  • People:
    • Stoops, Todd

Access Status: Open

Sussman, Harry K. , January 15, 1980

No(s): 80-004

Physical Description: 25 pages; 1 tape, 1 7/8 ips, 105 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Harry Sussman, born 1909, discusses the shipbuilding industry beginning from the nineteen twenties through his retirement in 1977. He describes production for Navy contracts during World War II, the effects of technology on production, and the steel strikes of the fifties and sixties. Sussman also discusses the organization of labor, and the general decline of worker ambition associated with unions.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • engineer
    • mold loftsman
  • Places:
    • Jeffersonville, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • shipbuilding
    • steelworker strikes
    • technology
    • unions
    • wartime production
    • welding
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • American Commercial Barge Line
    • Howard Company
    • Jeffboat Works

Access Status: Open

Tsao, George , March 1, 1978

No(s): 78-012

Physical Description: 29 pages; 1 tape, 1 7/8 ips, 60 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: George Tsao, born, 1931, is a professor of chemical engineering at Purdue University. He discusses his research into the use of gasohol, more specifically cellulose material, for use in automobiles. His department has also been given several grants to study the feasibility of turning cellulose into fuel on a large-scale basis. He describes the results to date.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • chemical engineering professor
  • Subjects:
    • alcohol
    • cellulose
    • corporate funding
    • Fuel from Biomass Program
    • gasohol
    • liquid fuel
    • renewable resources
    • scale-up study
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Energy Research and Development Administration
    • National Science Foundation (U.S.)
    • Purdue University

Access Status: Open

Tyler, Horace L. , March 2, 1978

No(s): 78-015

Physical Description: 59 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 140 minutes; articles on agriculture

Scope and Content Note: Born September 14, 1923, Mr. Tyler gives a brief description of his childhood. He discusses the role of agriculture county agents. He speaks about the publications produced by the Agricultural Information Department. He discusses the benefits of information in publications and the costs involved.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • agricultural publications
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Agricultural Information Department
    • Illinois Agricultural Association
    • Indiana Farm Bureau
    • Missouri Farmers Organization
  • People:
    • Baker, John
    • Jenkins, Wayne
    • Lankford, Ray
    • Sample, Glenn

Access Status: Open

Tyner, Wallace E. , March 2, 1978

No(s): 78-013

Physical Description: 46 pages; 1 tape, 1 7/8 ips, 110 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Wallace Tyner, born 1945, is an economics professor at Purdue University. He speaks about the energy crisis in terms of being a security problem rather than a crisis. He asserts that United States dependence on imported or dwindling energy sources infringes on national security. He also discusses energy conservation, and criticizes many points in President Carter's 1977 energy message, preferring a simple tax on oil rather than on petroleum products.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • economics professor
  • Subjects:
    • alternative energy sources
    • energy conservation
    • energy crisis
    • energy policy
    • resource economics

Access Status: Open

Van Meter, Eugene , May 22, 1980

No(s): 80-033

Physical Description: 34 pages; 2 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 140 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Eugene Van Meter, born on March 14, 1912, discusses the problem of erosion, its effects on agriculture, and some measures that may be taken in the interest of soil conservation in Steuben County, Indiana. He comments on different farming techniques and advances that effect the soil and the productivity of the land. Mr. Van Meter speaks of the management of the local deer population and the interest that local farmers take in wildlife.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Angola, Indiana
    • Steuben County, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • agriculture
    • crop rotation
    • deer management
    • fall plowing
    • generational differences
    • land drainage
    • livestock production
    • soil erosion
    • soil conservation
    • technological changes

Access Status: Open

Warden, Wayne Jr. , July 29, 1980

No(s): 80-049

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel (missing), 1 7/8 ips, 60 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Wayne Warden, born in Nashville, Tennessee in 1916, discusses his involvement in the Seward Company between 1947 and 1980. Seward and Company was founded in 1821, in Bloomington, Indiana. Although it began as a industrial machinery manufacturer, during the twentieth century it began a new business of industrial supplies distribution center. In the nineteen fifties it finally closed it's machine shop and switched completely to industrial supplies distribution.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • industrial supplies distribution
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Seward and Company

Access Status: Open

Washburn, James G. , April 5, 1980

No(s): 80-031

Physical Description: 11 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 25 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: James Washburn, born in Gary, Indiana in 1949, discusses his experience with the family owned company, Washburn Realty. He addresses rising mortgage interest rates and some of the company's responses to this situation. Mr. Washburn also reflects on the future of housing in Indiana, acknowledging that economic and societal factors are forcing individuals to reconsider the possibility of owning a single-family home on a private lot.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Merrillville, Indiana
  • Occupations:
    • company president
  • Subjects:
    • federal government
    • housing trends
    • mortgage interest rates
    • professional associations
    • real estate business
    • zoning regulations
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Washburn Realty

Access Status: Open

Wells, Walter O., Sr. , October 30, 1980

No(s): 80-072

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 tape (missing), 1 7/8 ips, 40 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Walter Wells speaks about the mobile home industry.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • mobile home manufacture
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Schult Homes

Access Status: Open

Whaley, Fred V. , March 11, 1979

No(s): 79-023

Physical Description: 46 pages; 1 tapes, 1 7/8 ips; no index

Scope and Content Note: Fred Whaley, born 1901, talks about his employment in Bloomington, Indiana before the Great Depression and in the seventies when he moved back. His many jobs include working as a teamster hauling lumber, farming, cab driving, making furniture, and housekeeping for Indiana University. He discusses his duties at each job.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • teamster
  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
    • Detroit, Michigan
    • Elwren, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • 1918 Influenza Epidemic
    • cab driving
    • farming
    • furniture industry
    • housekeeping
    • lumber hauling
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Illinois Central Railroad
    • Indiana University
    • Showers Brothers Furniture Company

Access Status: Open

Winkler, Elmer L. , August 28, 1979

No(s): 79-051

Physical Description: 57 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 120 minutes; no index; photograph of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Elmer Winkler, born in Wichita, Kansas in 1930, discusses his experience with the Rock Island Refining Corporation, of which he was president at the time of this interview. He speaks of a variety of issues relating to the production of fuel oil and details the development of the company and the effect it had on the community. He mentions the company's relationship with its union OCAW, and steps taken to abide by EPA regulations. Finally, he provides an overview of the technological innovations he has witnessed in the company and considers options for alternative energy sources.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • company president
  • Places:
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • 1973 oil embargo
    • alternative energy sources
    • company acquisitions
    • environmental regulations
    • fuel oil
    • gas price wars
    • gasoline
    • oil refining
    • pollution
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers Union
    • Rock Island Refining Corporation
    • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Access Status: Open

Wolfe, Eugene H. , February 1, 1979

No(s): 79-008

Physical Description: 25 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 60 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Eugene H. Wolfe, born on October 29, 1922, discusses his career in the railroad industry, focusing on his employment with Monon Railroad in southern Indiana. He speaks of the Monon Railroad's role as a connector railroad, carrying tonnage from other railroads outside of the state, and he shares his opinion that the future of railroads in America lies in increased freight hauling. Mr. Wolfe also comments on the change from steam to diesel train engines in the post-World War II era.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Campbellsburg, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • Great Depression
    • railroad industry
    • steam engines
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Louisville and Nashville Railroad
    • Monon Railroad

Access Status: Open

Wright, Arthur , March 1, 1978

No(s): 78-011

Physical Description: 70 pages; 2 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 170 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Born in 1938, Arthur Wright discusses energy economics, focusing mainly on petroleum, oil, and natural gas, consumption, imports, and price controls. He speaks of the United States' current lack of economic and energy efficiency with regard to the use of natural resources and the so-called energy crisis of the late nineteen seventies. Professor Wright also comments on alternative energy sources, such as solar and nuclear power, and emphasizes the need for the United States and the world to create a comprehensive, economically efficient energy policy.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Soviet Union
  • Subjects:
    • 1973 oil embargo
    • Alaskan oil
    • economic efficiency
    • Education
    • energy crisis
    • energy efficiency
    • energy policy
    • nuclear power
    • oil import quotas
    • oil prices
    • petroleum production
    • price controls
    • solar energy
    • Steel Industry
    • whale oil

Access Status: Open

Wright, Daniel , June 4, 1980

No(s): 80-029

Physical Description: not transcribed; three video masters of interview--part one with the interviewee, part two on the same tape with James Robb 79-40, and a third tape lacking audio, 80 minutes

Language: English .

Scope Note: Daniel Wright, born in 1918, speaks about the communal living settlement, God's Valley or Padanaram that he co-founded in September 1966. He recalls several jobs he had prior to the founding as well as aspirations of becoming a medical missionary during his youth. Particular focus is on the struggles of the first few years and on the establishment of a saw mill at the settlement in 1968. He discusses his religious philosophy and the founding principles, which the settlement adopted.

Indexed Terms:

  • Subjects:
    • communal living
    • commune
    • farming
    • Great Depression
    • Religion
    • saw mills
  • Places:
    • Des Moines, Iowa
  • People:
    • Rowlison, Verne
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Padanaram / God's Valley (1966-)

Access Status: Open

Yeager, Charles , July 17, 1979

No(s): 79-044

Physical Description: 36 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 120 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Charles Yeager, born in 1918 and raised on a farm, discusses his successful career as a farmer in Carroll County. He elaborates on acquiring farm land and details the significant rise in the price of land and equipment. He speaks extensively about technological advances in agriculture and the various changes he has seen throughout his life. Mr. Yeager talks about his business and explains his primary interests in farming: hog and poultry production and feed manufacturing. Finally, he speaks about the success of Carroll County as a farming community and expresses some complaints about regulations from organizations like the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • farmer
  • Places:
    • Carroll County, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • agriculture
    • factory farming
    • farm costs
    • farm life
    • hog production
    • poultry business
    • technology
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana Farm Bureau
    • Occupational Safety and Health Administration
    • Yeager and Sullivan, Incorporated

Access Status: Open

Youngs, Bernard , May 8, 1979

No(s): 79-038

Physical Description: 34 pages; 1 reel, 4.7 cps, 120 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Bernard Youngs, born on June 19, 1928, traces his family's history in the Indiana coal industry, beginning in 1934. He discusses changes in mining technology, the effects of World War II on the industry, the quality or grade of Indiana coal, and what the process of coal beneficiation entails. Mr. Youngs also describes the federal government taking over many coal mines during and just after World War II.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • England
    • Petersburg, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • air pollution
    • coal beneficiation
    • coal industry
    • coal quality
    • draglines
    • land reclamation
    • mining equipment
    • strip mining
    • technological changes
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • AMAX Coal Company
    • Ayrshire Collieries Corporation
    • Tennessee Valley Authority
  • Family Names:
    • Youngs
  • People:
    • Lewis, John L.
    • Sherwood, R. Hartley

Access Status: Open