History of Indiana 1971-1980

A Guide to the Collection of Oral History Interviews at Indiana University Bloomington

Finding aid prepared by the staff of the Center for the Study of History and Memory with a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities Division of Preservation and Access, 2000-2002

Creator: Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory
Title: History of Indiana
Collection No.: ohrc047
Dates: 1971-1980

Quantity: 11 Interviews

(Audio files, transcripts, and collateral materials )
Abstract: The interviews in this project deal with the history of Indiana, from specific counties, organizations, and institutions to individual residents' memories and experiences. Some of the topics covered include state prisons, education in Indiana, the Lutheran Church in Indiana, and the history of several towns and counties in the state.
Location: Interviews are housed in Franklin Hall, Room 0030A. Contact ohrc@indiana.edu for more information. Copies of interview transcripts are also held by the IU Libraries University Archives. For other locations housing the interviews from this project, please contact the Center for Documentary Research and Practice office.
Language: Materials are in English
Repository: Center for Documentary Research and Practice
Franklin Hall 0030B
601 E. Kirkwood Avenue
Bloomington, Indiana 47405
Business Number: 812-855-2856
URL: https://cdrp.mediaschool.indiana.edu/

Scope and Content Note

This collection contains eleven interviews conducted over the course of nine years. The interviews range from thirty minutes to ten hours. All interviews consist of audio reels, and most contain typed transcripts and collateral materials.


Usage Restrictions:

The archive of the Center for Documentary Research and Practice at Indiana University is open to the use of researchers. Copies of transcript pages are available only when such copies are permitted by the deed of gift. Scholars must honor any restrictions the interviewee placed on the use of the interview. Since some of our earlier (pre-computer) transcripts do not exist in final form, any editing marks in a transcript (deletions, additions, corrections) are to be quoted as marked. Audio files may not be copied for patrons unless the deed of gift permits it, and a transcript is unavailable for that interview. The same rules of use that apply to a transcript apply to the audio interview. Interviews may not be reproduced in full for any public use, but excerpted quotes may be used as long as researchers fully cite the data in their research, including accession number, interview date, interviewee's and interviewer's name, and page(s).

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[interviewee first name last name] interview, by [interviewer first name last name], [interview date(s)], [call number], [project name], Center for Documentary Research and Practice, Indiana University, Bloomington, [page number(s) or tape number and side if no transcript; if digital audio and no transcript, cite time when quote occurs].

Acquisition Information

Oral history interviews conducted by the Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory from 1968 to the present, with particular focus on the history of twentieth-century America and the Midwest.

Collection Inventory

Call, Jessie , August 1, 1977

No(s): 77-020

Physical Description: 29 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 70 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Jessie Call, born on December 13, 1889, describes her life in rural Indiana, attending and teaching in a one-room school, and her education at Indiana University in the first decade of the twentieth century. She comments on the university's campus at that time, her efforts in the cause of women's suffrage, and her memories of World War I and the Influenza Epidemic of 1918. In addition, she speaks of her divorce in the context of the social disapprobation it received in 1939.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • teacher
  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
    • Gaston, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • 1918 Influenza Epidemic
    • campus changes
    • divorce
    • farming
    • silent movies
    • welfare
    • women's suffrage
    • World War I
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Indiana University

Access Status: Open

Church, Harold H. , September 20, 1977, September 27, 1977, October 5, 1977, October 19, 1977, November 22, 1977

No(s): 77-024

Physical Description: 253 pages; 5 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 10 hours; no index; 2 education articles, 1 article by interviewee, 2 retirement announcements and articles, curriculum vita, 1950 Indianapolis Star magazine, 1959 Indiana University School of Education bulletin

Scope and Content Note: Harold H. Church, born on July 5, 1895, discusses his long and dynamic career in education, encompassing such positions as high school teacher, school principal, superintendent, and Indiana University education professor. He recalls his childhood, his parents' encouragement of the pursuit of education, his college experiences, and various jobs he had as a youth. After completing his graduate degree, Mr. Church continued to pursue his career in school administration; from these experiences, he describes the history of education in Indiana, the processes of school reorganization and consolidation, and the changes he observed in the field of education from 1918 to 1977. In addition, he speaks of his personal philosophy of education and his views on the probable future of American education.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • education professor
    • high school administrator
    • high school teacher
  • Places:
    • Brown County, Indiana
    • Elkhart, Indiana
    • Harrison Valley, Pennsylvania
    • Martinsville, Indiana
    • Middletown, Ohio
  • Subjects:
    • African-Americans
    • civic education
    • community life
    • curriculum changes
    • desegregation
    • Education
    • education methodology
    • education philosophy
    • enrollment factors
    • grading practices
    • local politics
    • progressive education
    • public relations
    • public schools
    • racism
    • school budget
    • school consolidation
    • school discipline
    • school reorganization
    • school surveys
    • teacher professionalism
    • teacher salaries
    • teacher training
    • United States Constitution
    • vocational education
    • World War I
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Albright College
    • Bethlehem Steel Corporation
    • Indiana University Bureau of Teacher Recommendations
    • Indiana University School of Education
    • National Education Association
  • People:
    • Barr, Montfort
    • Brody, Fred
    • Dennis, Sam
    • Dewey, John
    • Hickeroat, Sally
    • Holy, Tom C.
    • Kessler, Rosie
    • Laub, Gob
    • Seegers, Paul
    • Van Buskirk, Golda
    • Wright, Wendell W. "Whack"

Access Status: Open

Daly, Nellie Stipp , February 14, 1980

No(s): 80-009

Physical Description: 55 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 110 minutes; no index; interviewee's obituary

Scope and Content Note: Nellie Stipp Daly, born on April 9, 1899, recalls growing up as the daughter of the warden of Michigan City State Prison, and her later marriage to prison warden Walter Hays Daly. She speaks of political patronage in the Indiana corrections system, the Michigan City State Prison in the nineteen twenties, and her memories of the prisoner and Ku Klux Klan leader, David C. Stephenson. In addition, Mrs. Daly comments on her tenure as the superintendent of the State Girls' School in the nineteen fifties.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • high school teacher
    • school superintendent
  • Places:
    • Michigan City, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • Patronage, Political
    • prison conditions
    • prison food
    • prison management
    • state politics
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Democratic Party
    • Indiana State Girl's School
    • Ku Klux Klan (1915- )
    • Michigan City State Prison
    • Republican Party
  • People:
    • Daly, Walter Hays
    • Dillinger, John
    • Jackson, Ed
    • Kunkel, Louis
    • McNutt, Paul V.
    • Stephenson, David Curtis
    • Welsh, Matthew E.

Access Status: Open

Melling, Rose Marie , April 1, 1980

No(s): 80-030

Physical Description: 18 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 30 minutes; no index; xeroxed flood photographs and articles

Scope and Content Note: Rose Marie Melling, born on October 8, 1922, recalls the massive flooding of the Ohio River in Clark County, Indiana in January of 1937. She discusses the property damage caused by the flood, her memories of the ensuing martial law and enforced evacuation, and the experiences of her family and neighbors in the flood.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Clark County, Indiana
    • Jeffersonville, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • 1937 flood
    • martial law
    • property damage

Access Status: Open

Miller, Merle H. , May 30, 1980

No(s): 80-039

Physical Description: 19 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 60 minutes; no index

Scope and Content Note: Merle H. Miller, born in January of 1904, discusses his commitment to the protection of every citizen's civil liberties and his association with the Indiana Civil Liberties Union. He comments on the controversy surrounding the building of the Indianapolis War Memorial, the ICLU's views on communists, and the general public's perception of civil liberties unions.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • attorney
  • Places:
    • Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • civil liberties
    • Communism
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • American Civil Liberties Union
    • Indiana Civil Liberties Union
    • Indianapolis War Memorial
  • Family Names:
    • Hapgood
  • People:
    • Fuchs, Ralph
    • McCarthy, Joseph R.

Access Status: Open

Money, Kermitt N. , October 12, 1978

No(s): 78-053

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 95 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Kermitt N. Money, born on June 11, 1919 and died on December 31, 1977, discusses the history of Shelby County, Indiana. He describes its cemeteries, little red school houses, early post offices and settlements, Native Americans, and famous people.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Shelby County, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • local cemeteries
    • one-room schoolhouses
    • post offices

Access Status: Open

Murphy, Charles D. , September 21, 1975

No(s): 76-070

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips

Scope and Content Note: Charles D. Murphy discusses the history of Unionville and New Unionville, Indiana, and the background of the Cox, Lawrence, and Young families in Unionville. He speaks of land grant farming and living conditions in the nineteenth century, as well as the early settlers and residents of Unionville.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • New Unionville, Indiana
    • Unionville, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • land grant farming
  • Family Names:
    • Cox
    • Lawrence
    • Young

Access Status: Open

Nichols, Harry E. , July 31, 1971

No(s): 71-025

Physical Description: 20 pages; 1 reel, 3 3/4 ips, 50 minutes; index

Scope and Content Note: Harry E. Nichols, a former judge of the Fifth Judicial Circuit of Indiana, discusses the social and political history of Madison, Indiana during the latter half of the nineteenth century. He comments on Madison's leading industries, local political leaders of the past, and community activities. In addition, he describes some of the houses of Madison's wealthier former residents.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Madison, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • brewery
    • community life
    • distillery
    • local economy
    • local politics
    • political party affiliation
    • shipbuilding industry
    • United States Civil War
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Eagle Cotton Mills
    • Schrader Saddletree Company
  • People:
    • Bright, Jesse D.
    • Cravens, Joseph Addison
    • Hendricks, William
    • Lanier, James F.
    • New, Robert Allen

Access Status: Open

Tucker, Robert E. , March 28, 1980

No(s): 80-027

Physical Description: 22 pages; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 45 minutes; no index; table of contents, photo of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Robert E. Tucker, born on November 26, 1912, in Bloomington, Indiana, discusses his childhood memories of activities, education, and classmates in Bloomington. He speaks of segregation in public schools, the inferiority of the African American Benjamin Banneker elementary school, and of the teachers and curriculum at school. In addition, he comments on the racism that characterized his experiences in the United States Air Force during World War II and as a student at Indiana University after the war.

Indexed Terms:

  • Places:
    • Bloomington, Indiana
  • Subjects:
    • African-Americans
    • classroom discipline
    • community life
    • public schools
    • racism
    • segregation
    • World War II
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Benjamin Banneker School
    • Indiana University

Access Status: Open

Wallace, Leon , October 8, 1980

No(s): 80-061

Physical Description: Not transcribed; 1 reel, 1 7/8 ips, 90 minutes

Scope and Content Note: Leon Wallace, born on January 24, 1904, discusses the history of the Indiana-Kentucky border dispute, and his work on this subject as a distinguished professor at the Indiana University School of Law.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • law professor
  • Places:
    • Kentucky
  • Subjects:
    • Indiana-Kentucky border dispute
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • Rand McNally
  • People:
    • Briscoe, Herman T. "Kay"

Access Status: Open

Wick, Walter M. , April 27, 1978

No(s): 78-021

Physical Description: 82 pages; 2 reels, 1 7/8 ips, 3 hours, 15 minutes; no index; photo of interviewee, biographical background of interviewee

Scope and Content Note: Reverend Walter M. Wick, born on December 7, 1911, discusses his parents' emigration from Germany to the United States, his Lutheran upbringing, and his seminary and graduate education. He speaks of the history of the Lutheran Church in Indiana and in America, and of his own role as the president of the Indiana-Kentucky Synod of the Lutheran Church of America. In addition, he comments on the organization and functions of the Lutheran synods, and on his own predictions for the future of the church.

Indexed Terms:

  • Occupations:
    • Lutheran pastor
  • Places:
    • Batesville, Indiana
    • Middlebury, Indiana
    • Richmond, Indiana
    • Westpoint, Nebraska
  • Subjects:
    • community life
    • German immigrants
    • Lutheran synods
    • Lutheranism
    • missionary work
    • religious differences
    • religious factions
    • Roman Catholicism
    • theological training
  • Corporate Bodies:
    • American Lutheran Church
    • Indiana-Kentucky Lutheran Synod
    • Lutheran Church of America
    • Northwestern University
  • People:
    • Klouts, Herman
    • Price, Jack
    • Wick, Irene

Access Status: Open