Collection ID: C432
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Collection context


Caldwell, Lynton K. (Lynton Keith), 1913-2006
Lynton K. Caldwell was an assistant professor of government at Indiana University South Bend from 1939-1944 and returned to Indiana University Bloomington in 1965, where he taught political science as well as public and environmental affairs until his retirement in 1984 as the Arthur F. Bentley Professor Emeritus of Political Science and Professor Emeritus of Public and Environmental Affairs. Caldwell was a recognized authority on environmental policy. His papers include a large amount of published works, but also contain correspondence and material related to conferences and professional organizations.
26.75 cubic feet (30 boxes)
Materials are in English
Preferred citation:

[Item], Lynton K. Caldwell papers, Collection C432, Indiana University Archives, Bloomington.


Scope and Content:

Caldwell's papers include a large amount of published works, but also contain correspondence and material related to conferences and professional organizations. There is a small amount of personal material as well, including photographs and correspondence. The bulk of the collection includes Caldwell's published writing, predominantly on issues of the environment, politics, and environmental policy. Materials related to Caldwell's involvement with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) are found in their own series.

Biographical / Historical:

Lynton K. Caldwell, the "grandfather of biopolitics," was born in Montezuma, Iowa on November 21, 1913. He received his Bachelor of Philosophy in English with honors in 1935, M.A. in 1938 from Harvard University, Ph.D. in 1943 from the University of Chicago, and honorary LLD in 1977 from Western Michigan University. From 1939-1944 he served an assistant professor of government at Indiana University, South Bend. From 1944-1965 Caldwell continued teaching and researching at multiple universities including the University of Chicago, Northwestern, Michigan, Oklahoma, Syracuse and University of California, Berkeley. In 1965 he returned to Indiana University Bloomington where he became a professor of Political Science and of Public and Environmental Science, remaining until his retirement in 1984.

Professor Caldwell was credited with initiating environmental policy studies and as the originator of the environmental impact statement in the 1969 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). He was recognized internationally as one of the early leaders in the study of environmental policy, law and administration, and his work influenced the course of national legislation in the environmental protection movement. Caldwell also was part of the committee which established the School of Public and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University in 1972.

In 1971, Caldwell was named the Arthur E. Bentley Chair in Political Science. ("Chair" later became "Professor".) He served on numerous boards and committees throughout his career, including the Commission on Environmental Policy, Law, and the Administration of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN); the International Environment Programs of the National Academy of Sciences, and the Natural Areas Advisory Committee at Indiana University. He was also a recipient of the William E. Mosher Award (1963), the Laverne Burchfield Award (1972), and the Marshall E. Dimock Award (1981).

Caldwell was married to Helen Alewel Walcher in 1940, and they had two children, Edwin Lee Caldwell (married to Pauline Wolber) and Lynette Caldwell Emmi (married to Philip Claude Emmi). Dr. Caldwell died on August 15, 2006.

Acquisition information:
Accessions 99/056, 2000/069, 2001/011, 2012/122
Custodial history:

This collection was transferred to the University Archives from Lynton Caldwell in September 1999, October 2000, February 2001, and additional materials were picked up from the Caldwell house in 2012.

Processing information:

Processed by Heather J. Stone, 2011.

Additions added in 2013 by Allison Haack.

Further additions incorporated in 2017 by Elizabeth Peters.


Collection is organized into fifteen series: Biographical, Awards, Correspondence, Research, Professional, Books and Monographs, Articles, Book Reviews, Book Chapters, Notes, Forwards, and Comments, Bibliographies, Other Editorial Work, Selected Unpublished, NEPA Files, Reports and Testimony. The majority of the collection maintains the original order of series which were constructed by Caldwell.



Collection is open for research. Advance notice required for access.


The donor(s) of this collection have transferred their copyrights for the materials to the Trustees of Indiana University through a Deed of Gift. For more information, please contact the Indiana University Archives staff.

The Indiana University Archives respects the intellectual property rights of others and does not claim any copyrights for non-university records, materials in the public domain, or materials for which we do not hold a Deed of Gift. Responsibility for the determination of the copyright status of these materials rests with those persons wishing to reuse the materials. Researchers are responsible for securing permission from copyright owners and any other rights holders for any reuse of these materials that extends beyond fair use or other statutory limitations.

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[Item], Lynton K. Caldwell papers, Collection C432, Indiana University Archives, Bloomington.

Indiana University Bloomington
Herman B Wells Library E460
1320 East Tenth Street
Bloomington, Indiana 47405-7000, United States
Indiana University Bloomington